Pike, Albert, 1809-1891

Alternative names
Birth 1809-12-29
Death 1891-04-02

Biographical notes:

General Albert Pike (1809-1891), grand commander of the Supreme Grand Council, Southern Jurisdiction, of the Scottish Rite, 1859-1891.

From the description of Letter to Bro. Hayden /by Albert Pike, 1885 Feb 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702128274

After his work as commissioner to the Indian tribes west of the Arkansas, Pike was commissioned a brigadier general in the Confederate Army in November, 1861. He recruited Native American troops on the promise that they would only serve in their own country. Almost immediately, this pledge was broken when Cherokees were called upon at the battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas on March 7 and 8, 1862.

From the description of Letter : Cantonment Davis, Creek Nation to Jefferson Davis, 1862 Mar 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702137802

Author and lecturer on freemasonry.

From the description of Symbolism 33 degree masonry, 1875-1916. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86171829

Albert Pike (1809-1891) came to Arkansas in 1833 and worked as a school teacher and newspaper editor before studying the law. He was active in the politics of the state before the Civil War and served as commander of Confederate troops in the Indian Territory during the war. Following the Civil War, he practiced law in New York City, Memphis, and Little Rock, before moving to Washington, DC in 1870. Pike was also a major leader in the Masons, writing extensively about the history and rituals of the Scottish Rite.

From the description of Albert Pike letters and documents, 1853-1889. (Central Arkansas Library System). WorldCat record id: 694635921

Lawyer, soldier, author.

From the description of Papers of Albert Pike [manuscript], 1861-1884. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 647814560

American author and lecturer.

From the description of Letter, 1847. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122623106

From the guide to the Albert Pike letter, 1847, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

Lawyer and Confederate army officer.

From the description of Letter of Albert Pike, 1867. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450080


From the description of Papers, 1855-1891. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 39208699

Though a General, Pike was also a nationally known poet both before and after the Civil War. Among his books of collected verse are "Prose Sketches and Poems" (1834), "Hymns to the Gods," (1839) and numerous other works. Recognized as on of the most influential Masons of all time, Pike also wrote the Masonic Manual "Morals and Dogma" making Pike on of the most read of all American authors.

The original third verse, as written by Stephen Collins Foster, reads, "The head must bow and the back will have to bend, / Wherever the darky may go; / A few more days, and the trouble all will end, / In the field where the sugar-canes grow; / A few more days for to tote the weary load, / No matter, 'twill never be light; / A few more days till we totter on the road, / Then my old Kentucky home, goodnight." The inspiration for the song may have been Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel "Uncle Tom's Cabin", published in 1851. Foster's first draft in his song workbook is entitled "Poor Uncle Tom, Good Night."

From the description of Alternate third verse to "My Old Kentucky Home." (Kentucky Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 191699452


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Ark ID:


  • Indians of North America--Treaties
  • Politics, Government, and Law
  • Indians of North America--Government relations
  • Pea Ridge, Battle of, Ark., 1862
  • Kentucky--Poetry--19th century
  • Indians of North America--Languages
  • Soldiers--Correspondence
  • Military
  • Soldiers--United States--Correspondence
  • Civil law--History
  • Mexican War, 1846-1848--Sources
  • Cherokee Indians--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
  • Popular music--19th century
  • Freemasonry--Symbolism


  • Army officers, Confederate
  • Lawyers


  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Louisiana (as recorded)
  • Arkansas (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Southern States (as recorded)
  • Indian Territory (as recorded)
  • Little Rock (Ark.) (as recorded)
  • Kentucky (as recorded)
  • Cantonment Davis (Creek Nation) (as recorded)
  • Louisiana (as recorded)
  • Confederate States of America (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Little Rock (Ark.) (as recorded)