Gibbon, John, 1827-1896

Alternative names
Birth 1827-04-20
Death 1896-02-06

Biographical notes:

Officer in United States Army, commander in Indian campaigns against Sitting Bull and Chief Joseph.

From the description of Switch-backing the Cascades, Holograph, 1887. (Washington State University). WorldCat record id: 43974472

Major General in U.S. Army during Civil War; commander in Indian campaigns.

From the description of Collection 1876-1877. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 49208592

American soldier.

From the description of Endorsement signed : St. Paul Minn., 1879 Oct. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269595512

John Gibbon, born near Philadelphia, served as a Civil War brigadier-general of volunteers in the Union Army. He commanded troops at second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredricksburg, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and other battles of the Army of the Potomac.

Following the Civil War, Gibbon became an officer in the regular army with duty mostly in the West.

From the description of Papers, 1845-1892 (inclusive), 1862-1892 (bulk). (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122644899

Career army officer.

West Point graduate John Gibbon was born near Philadelphia in 1827 and raised in Charlotte, N.C. Prior to the Civil War, Gibbon served in the Seminole War, at western garrisons, and at West Point, where he wrote the Artillerist's manual (1860). Gibbon participated in numerous Civil War battles and was promoted by war's end to major-general of volunteers. Appointed colonel of the 7th Infantry in 1866, Gibbon was stationed in the Montana Territory. There, during the Sioux wars, he commanded an expedition to rescue Little Big Horn survivors, and during the Nez Percé War of 1877, he attacked Chief Joseph's sleeping encampment on the Big Hole River, Aug. 9, 1877. In that surprise attack, Gibbon's outnumbered forces dealt the Nez Percé a serious blow, killing eighty-nine, including women and children. In 1885, Gibbon was promoted to brigadier general and given command of the Dept. of the Columbia. He retired in 1891.

From the description of Letter : Fort Shaw, M[ontana] T[erritory], to Bishop [Daniel Sylvester] Tuttle, 1877 Sept. 7. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 34594134


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  • Bull Run, 2nd Battle of, 1862
  • Appomattox Campaign, 1865
  • Nez Perce Indians--Wars, 1877
  • Manuscripts, American
  • Nez Percé Indians--Wars, 1877--Personal narratives
  • Indians of North America--Wars--1866-1895--Personal narratives
  • Hiking--19th century--Personal narratives
  • Chinese Americans
  • Chancellorsville, Battle of, Chancellorsville, Va., 1863
  • Fredericksburg, Battle of, Fredericksburg, Va., 1862
  • Railroads
  • Appomattox, Surrender at, 1865
  • Gettysburg, Battle of, Gettysburg, Pa., 1863
  • Military education
  • Antietam, Battle of, Md., 1862
  • Wilderness, Battle of--1864
  • Foreign workers, Chinese
  • Big Hole, Battle of the, Mont., 1877--Personal narratives
  • Courts-martial and courts of inquiry--Archives
  • Dakota Indians


  • Generals


  • The West (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • West (U.S.) (as recorded)
  • West (U.S.) (as recorded)
  • Washington (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Montana--Fort Shaw (as recorded)
  • Cascade Range (as recorded)
  • Seattle (as recorded)