Scott, Winfield, 1786-1866

Dates:
Birth 1786-06-13
Death 1866-05-29
Gender:
Male
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

Commanding general of the U.S. Army.

From the description of Papers, 1822-1846. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 32878776

American army officer. Commissioned a captain of light artillery in May 1808, lieutenant colonel 1812, promoted to brigadier general for service in War of 1812; general-in-chief of U.S. Army 1841-1861.

From the description of ALS : Petersburg, Va., to William Branch Giles, 1808 Oct. 5. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122586036

Charles Nicoll Bancker was a merchant and financier.

From the guide to the Charles Nicoll Bancker family papers, 1733-1894, 1733-1894, (American Philosophical Society)

Brigadier-general in the War of 1812; commanded troops on the Niagara Frontier.

From the description of Letters, 1814 April 27, May 17. (Buffalo History Museum). WorldCat record id: 38289412

A career military man, Scott served in the War of 1812, led the campaign against Mexico City during the Mexican War, and resigned as commander of the U.S. Army, due to health and age, in 1861.

From the description of Letter, February 1, 1849. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 405565044

American army officer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to General Totten, 1862 Apr. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270634086

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, to Joseph Gales, 1843 July 28. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270634516

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to F.W. Gilmer, 1823 Feb. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270634081

From the description of Letter signed : Washington, D.C., to Brig. Gen. McDowell, 1861 June 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270635154

Army officer.

From the description of Winfield Scott orderly book, 1847-1848. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70982743

From the description of Papers of Winfield Scott, 1814-1866. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71070160

Winfield Scott was born near Petersburg, VA on June 13, 1786. After brilliant service in the War of 1812 he was made a Major-General, and became the general-in-chief of the United States Army in 1841. In 1847, after a five-month campaign, he captured Mexico City with a force of only 12,000 men. In 1852 Scott was the unsuccessful Whig candidate for President of the United States, and retired from military service shortly after the beginning of the Civil War. He died in West Point, NY on May 29, 1866.

From the description of Winfield Scott correspondence, 1847-1848. (California State Library). WorldCat record id: 166262117

Soldier; general in the War of 1812 and the Mexican War.

From the description of Letter : Mexico, to William L. Marcy, 1848 Feb 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84159633

From the description of Letter : Mexico, to William L. Marcy, 1848 Feb 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702150208

Soldier, 1852 Whig presidential candidate.

From the description of Letters, 1857-1863. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49324838

Brigadier-general in the War of 1812; commanded troops on the Niagara Frontier. Scott distinquished himself during the Mexican War, and commanded the Union army in the early days of the Civil War, retiring in Nov. 1861 at age 75.

From the description of Winfield Scott letters and pass, 1838-1861. (Buffalo History Museum). WorldCat record id: 181085079

Union general.

From the description of Winfield Scott letter, 1863 Jan. 1. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 237770905

Army officer and presidential candidate; once a resident of Elizabeth, N.J.

From the description of Papers, 1809-1866. (New Jersey Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 70955017

United States Army general.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to an unidentified man, 1814 Oct. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 603572248

Soldier.

From the description of Letter, 1837 February 23, Richmond, [Va.], to Lt. E[rasmus] D[arwin] Keyes, U.S. Army, New York, [N.Y.]. (University of Toledo). WorldCat record id: 13658754

General-in-chief of the U.S. army (1841-1861); resigned Nov. 1861.

From the description of Civil War letter of Winfield Scott, 1860 Dec. 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70977643

Scott (1786-1866) was a general, hero, statesman, philanthropist, best known for his battle at sea on the battleship Niagara in the War of 1812 and his actions in the Mexican War.

From the description of Correspondence, 1846. (Clarke Historical Library). WorldCat record id: 40197766

Career U.S. Army officer, served throughout War of 1812, Indian Wars, War with Mexico, and the Civil War; presidential nominee for the Whig party in 1852.

From the description of Collection, 1812-1866. (University of Arizona). WorldCat record id: 31036636

Winfield Scott was born on June 13, 1786, near Petersburg, Virginia. After studying law at the College of William and Mary he embarked upon a military career. During the War of 1812 he was captured by the British. Following an exchange of prisoners, Scott fought again, was injured in the battle of Lundy's Lane, and emerged from the war a national hero. After the war Scott earned the reputation of a peacemaker by helping to ease the Nullification Crisis in 1832 and settling border disputes with Canada. In 1838 Scott supervised the removal of the Cherokee from Georgia and other southern states to reservations west of the Mississippi River.

Scott was appointed commanding general of the U.S. Army in 1841. During the Mexican-American War Scott commanded a seaborne invasion that led, after a string of victories, to the conquest of Mexico City in 1847. Scott was honored with an appointment to the brevet rank of lieutenant general for his service during the war. Riding an unprecedented wave of popularity, Scott won the Whig Party presidential nomination in 1852, but lost in the general election to Democrat Franklin Pierce.

When the Civil War broke out in 1861, Scott was 75 years old and still commander in chief of the U.S. Army. His proposed strategy to strangle Confederate forces, called the Anaconda Plan, was criticized sharply by many. Scott retired from military service, wrote his memoirs, traveled through Europe, and lived to see his Anaconda Plan, in its essential form, effectively employed to help bring an end to the Civil War. He died in West Point, New York, on May 29, 1866.

From the description of General Winfield Scott collection, 1831-1866. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 52129827

Loading...

Loading Relationships

Information

Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sc4vsx
Ark ID:
w6sc4vsx
SNAC ID:
83705843

Subjects:

  • Generals--Correspondence
  • Literature, Arts, and Culture
  • Manuscripts, American
  • Creek Indians--History
  • Land and Speculation
  • Pennsylvania History
  • Travel
  • Slaves
  • Mexican War, 1846-1848--Campaigns
  • Insurance agents--United States
  • Trade
  • Coal mines and mining
  • Business and Skilled Trades
  • Education
  • Pony Express
  • Social Life and Customs
  • Mexican War, 1846-1848
  • Executions and executioners--Sources
  • American Revolution
  • Colonial Politics
  • Arsenals
  • Women's history
  • Courts-martial and courts of inquiry
  • Railroads--History--Sources
  • Colony and State Specific History
  • Mexican War, 1846-1848--Desertions
  • Early National Politics
  • Indians of North America--History
  • Antebellum Politics
  • Philadelphia History
  • Marriage and Family Life
  • Creek War, 1836
  • African Americans

Occupations:

  • Merchants--United States
  • Army officers
  • Generals--United States
  • Soldiers--United States
  • Politicians--United States
  • Soldiers

Places:

  • Mexico (as recorded)
  • Southern States (as recorded)
  • Georgia (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.) (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • Virginia (as recorded)
  • Chesterfield County (Va.) (as recorded)