Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1757-09-06
Death 1834-05-20
FR
English, French

Biographical notes:

The Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834) was a French patriot who enlisted in the Continental Army with the rank of Major-General. He was second-in-command to General Washington. He also participated in the French Revolution until 1790 when he was forced out of the country under the rule of the Jacobin party. He returned to France in 1800 and was active in French and European politics until he died in 1834.

From the description of Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier Lafayette letter, 1786. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 44416715

Lafayette's estate near Paris was called LaGrange.

From the description of Catalog of the library at LaGrange, 1822. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122458915

French statesman and soldier, major general in the American Revolution.

From the description of Arthur H. and Mary Marden Dean Lafayette Collection, 1520-1849. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63936469

Lieutenant en 1773, lié avec Franklin, Marie-Joseph-Paul-Yves-Roch-Gilbert Motier, marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834) partit en Amérique en 1777 pour aider les insurgés. De retour en France, il contribua à décider le gouvernement à apporter son aide officielle à la guerre d’Indépendance américaine et repartit en 1780 pour l’Amérique, où il fut nommé maréchal de camp en 1782. Franc-maçon, adepte des idées nouvelles, il fut favorable au doublement du tiers état lors de la réunion de l’Assemblée des notables de 1788. Il fut élu député de la noblesse aux états généraux de 1789. Nommé commandant de la Garde nationale après la prise de la Bastille, il voulut être l’instrument de la réconciliation du roi et de la Révolution, lors des journées des 5 et 6 octobre 1789 et de la fête de la Fédération nationale du 14 juillet 1790 ; mais il perdit peu à peu sa popularité, surtout après avoir fait tirer le 17 juillet 1791 sur les manifestants du Champ-de-Mars venus demander la déchéance du roi. Partisan du maintien d’une monarchie libérale, il se sépara des Jacobins pour fonder le Club des Feuillants. Il poussa le roi à la guerre et fut nommé commandant de l’armée du Centre, puis de l’armée du Nord. Il se prononça contre la suspension de Louis XVI et, accusé, cessa de lutter le 19 août 1792 contre les Autrichiens, qui l’internèrent à Magdebourg puis à Olmütz jusqu’en 1797. Député de la Seine aux Cent-Jours, il fit partie de ceux qui exigèrent l’abdication de Napoléon. Député de la Sarthe (1818) puis de Meaux (1827) et membre de la Charbonnerie, il participa encore à la révolution de 1830.

Information extraite de la notice des Archives nationals de France (FRAN_NP_050067)

In 1803 Congress granted Lafayette 11,520 acres of land in Louisiana for his services during the American Revolution.

From the description of ALS : to an unidentified correspondent, 1829 May 22. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122580895

French soldier and statesman.

From the description of Letter, 1816 February 8 [manuscript]. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647827217

Major general in the Continental army and French soldier and statesman.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to Mathew Carey, 1825 July 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 757385463

Major General, U.S. Continental Army, American Revolutionary War; resident in United States, 1777-1784, and 1824-1825; native of Auvergne, France.

From the description of Lafayette collection, 1786-1825. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 31444821

French statesman and soldier. A wealthy nobleman, Lafayette offered his services to Congress as a military commander, and in December of 1777 was granted the command of Virginia light troops as a major-general. In January of 1778 the Board of War placed him in command of a proposed expedition to Canada, but this campaign was never carried out. Lafayette was involved in preparations for a land and sea attack at Newport, R.I. to be carried out with the assistance of the French fleet. In October 1778 he was granted furlough to return to France, and returned to America in April of 1780.

From the description of Marquis de Lafayette letters, 1777-1781. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 36794076

French general who participated in the U.S. Revolutionary War; also a participant in the French Revolution.

From the description of [Letters] / Lafayette. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 244251581

French hero of the American Revolution.

From the description of Marquis de Lafayette letters of introduction, 1828-1833. (Buffalo History Museum). WorldCat record id: 71325607

Soldier and statesman.

From the description of Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de Lafayette, papers, 1776-1934. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70982692

From the description of Papers of the marquis de Lafayette, 1457-1990. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79456514

The Marquis de Lafayette was a French general and political leader born of a distinguished family. Enthusiastic over the news of the American Revolution, he left France to join George Washington's army. He arrived in Philadelphia in 1777, where Congress appointed him a major general. After a trip to France in 1779-80, where he negotiated for French aid, he returned to America and served with distinction in the Virginia campaign that ended with the surrender of the British general Lord Charles Cornwallis at Yorktown in 1781. After returning to France in 1782 and allying himself with the revolutionary bourgeoisie, he became one of the most powerful men during the first few years of the French Revolution. His prestige was largely responsible for the installation of Louis Philippe as king of the French. Lafayette's unswerving courage, integrity, and idealism made him a popular symbol of the bond between France and the United States. His direct descendants, members of the Chambrun family, are honorary U.S. citizens. The modern French flag was created by Lafayette in July, 1789, by combining the royal white with the blue and red of Paris.

From the description of Marquis de Lafayette collection, 1781-1834. (Princeton University Library). WorldCat record id: 84674290

French statesman and officer; in American revolution.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : La Grange, to Joel R. Poinsett, 1827 July 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270596543

Marquis de Lafayette, French nobleman and military officer, was born September 6, 1757, in Cavaniac, France. Leaving France in 1776 he offered his services to the Americans in the Revolutionary War. He assisted in the defeat of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown in 1781 thus ending the war. He contributed much of his wealth to the American cause, and Congress rewarded him for his military and financial assistance with a land grant of 11,520 acres located in what was to become Louisiana.

From the description of Marquis de Lafayette papers, 1817, 1830, 1848. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 181761140

French statesman and soldier. A wealthy nobleman, Lafayette offered his services to Congress as a military commander, and in Dec. 1777 was granted the command of Virginia light troops as a major-general. In Jan. 1778 the Board of War placed him in command of a proposed expedition to Canada, but this campaign was never carried out. Lafayette was involved in preparations for a land and sea attack at Newport, R.I. to be carried out with the assistance of the French fleet. In Oct. 1778, he was granted furlough to return to France, and returned to America in Apr. 1780.

From the description of Marquis de Lafayette correspondence, 1777-1781. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 71058630

Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, (1757-1834) was a French aristocrat who served as a general in the American Revolution and later as a leader of the Garde Nationale during the French Revolution.

From the guide to the Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier Lafayette Papers, ., 1786-1825, (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.)

French general and political leader, the hero of the American Revolution. Returning to France in 1782, Lafayette was a member of the Assembly of Notables (1787) and the Estates-General (1789), vice president of the National Assembly and the National Guard. In 1792, he was captured by the Austrians and imprisoned at Olmutz prison. Liberated in 1797 by Napoleon, he returned to France. In 1824-25, he toured the United States.

From the description of Collection of papers of Marquis de Lafayette, 1779-1835. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122593922

French aristocrat and military officer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Melun, to Auguste Petit, 1832 June 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 593883272

The Marquis de Lafayette, French military officer and general in the American Revolutionary War.

From the description of Marquis de Lafayette manuscript material : 1 item, 1829 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 707511364

Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Montier, Marquis de Lafayette, was born on 6 Sep 1757 in Auvergne, France. By the age of 16 Lafayette had inherited a great fortune and after finishing the Military Academy in Versailles and he became a captain in the French cavalry.

Lafayette sympathized with the American Revolutionaries desire for independence from the British and in 1777 he arrived with a ship and a crew on the American shore. He joined George Washington as a major general. Serving with distinction, Lafayette lead America forces to several victories. Once he returned to France he convinced the French government to assist the revolutionaries through his relationship with Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson

By 1791 Lafayette had alienated himself from both the French nobility, because he advocated a constitutional monarchy, and with the populace, because he used military force to squash a crowd rebellion. In 1792 he lost favor with the King and Queen and his own troops. He fled the country after he was denounced as a traitor. In 1800, Lafayette returned to France only to find that his fortune had been confiscated. In 1830 Lafayette led the revolution that dethroned the Bourbons. He promoted a constitutional monarchy and helped place Louis Philippe on the throne. By 1834 he regretted this decision and began to promote the idea that France should be a republic.

From the guide to the Lafayette-Bonaventure. Collection, 1774-1849, (Special Collections Research Center University of Chicago Library 1100 East 57th Street Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.)



Biographical notes are generated from the bibliographic and archival source records supplied by data contributors.

Loading...

Loading Relationships

Constellation Information

Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sb47kf
Ark ID:
w6sb47kf
SNAC ID:
72952869

Subjects:

  • Waterloo, Battle of, Waterloo, Belgium, 1815
  • Opera--19th century
  • Cholera--History--19th century
  • Land titles--Registration and transfer
  • Private libraries
  • Wool industry--History
  • Sheep--History
  • Solitary confinement
  • Travel--19th century
  • Diplomatic and consular service, French
  • Balls (Parties)--19th century
  • Revolutionary war leaders
  • Real property--Florida.
  • Engraving--History
  • Procedure (Law)--History
  • Tariff
  • Gifts
  • Speeches, addresses, etc., French
  • Correspondence
  • Administration of estates--History
  • Domestic relations--History
  • Divorce--History--19th century
  • Land grants
  • Revolutions
  • Land tenure--History
  • Prisons
  • Whale oil--Law and legislation
  • Maritime law
  • Imprisonment
  • Books
  • Elections--1828
  • Timber
  • Manuscripts, French
  • Real property
  • Napoleonic Wars, 1800-1815
  • Slave trade.
  • Slave trade
  • Slavery
  • Land tenure--Law and legislation
  • Wild turkey

Occupations:

  • Freemasons.
  • Generals.
  • Generals--United States.
  • Statesmen--France.
  • Soldiers.
  • Statesmen.

Places:

  • Sicily (Italy) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Kentucky--Franklin County (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Williamsburg (Va.) (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Erie Canal (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Sicily (Italy) (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • Yorktown (Va.) (as recorded)
  • Portugal (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Louisiana (as recorded)
  • Italy (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Florida (as recorded)
  • Poland (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Virginia (as recorded)
  • West Point (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • Belgium (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Egypt (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Portugal (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Utica (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Pensacola (Fla.) (as recorded)
  • Fishkill (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Poland (as recorded)
  • Louisiana (as recorded)
  • Poland (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Poland (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Louisiana (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Pensacola (Fla.) (as recorded)
  • Canada (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Italy (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Virginia (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Charlottesville (Va.) (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Paris (France) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • Yorktown (Va.) (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Russia (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Albany (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Argentina (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Rome (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Canada (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Fredericksburg (Va.) (as recorded)
  • Pennsylvania--Philadelphia (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • Greece (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • Valley Forge (Pa.) (as recorded)
  • Russia (as recorded)
  • Argentina (as recorded)
  • Fishkill (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • Greece (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Greece (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Florida (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Greece (as recorded)
  • Louisiana (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Canada (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Greece (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Italy (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • Paris (France) (as recorded)
  • Florida (as recorded)
  • Charlottesville (Va.) (as recorded)
  • Italy (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Greece (as recorded)
  • Fort Stanwix (Rome, N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • Louisiana (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Italy (as recorded)
  • Virginia (as recorded)