Juin, Alphonse, 1888-1967Alternative names
Alphonse Pierre Juin (b. Dec. 16, 1888, Algeria-d. Jan. 27, 1967, Paris, France), Marshal of France, enlisted in the French Army in 1912. At the outbreak of World War I, he was gravely wounded on the Western Front in France. After the War, he served on various staffs in North Africa. By the outbreak of World War II, he commanded the 15th Motorized Infantry Division. He was captured by the Germans but released to command French forces in North Africa for the Vichy Government. He changed sides after the invasion of Algeria and Morocco by British and American forces in November 1942. He exhibited great skill in mountain warfare while commanding the French Expeditionary Corps in the U.S. 5th Army. Following the War, he was Resident General in Morocco and a NATO commander. He retired in 1962 after Algeria was granted independence.
From the description of Juin, Alphonse, 1888-1967 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10570212