Evarts, Jeremiah, 1781-1831

Alternative names
Birth 1781-02-03
Death 1831-05-10

Biographical notes:

American missionary, reformer and activist for the rights of Native Americans and a leading opponent of the Indian removal policy; treasurer and corresponding secretary of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.

From the description of Jeremiah Evarts letter to to David Root [manuscript], 1828 March 29. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 781300996

Jeremiah Evarts (February 3, 1781-May 10, 183 1) was a New England lawyer and philanthropist who abandoned his law career to become publisher of the Congregationalist paper Panoplist. Evarts was one of the founders of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions and was the editor to the board's paper, Missionary Herald. In 1798, he graduated from Yale College and he received his Masters degree from Yale in 1805. In 1810, he assumed editorship of the Panoplist and devoted himself entirely to missionary work. He was a manager of the American Bible Society and vice-president of the American Education Society. On several occasions he visited the south and investigated the condition of the Indian tribes east of the Mississippi. He was strongly opposed to the removal of Cherokees to western reservations and wrote numerous essays condemning state and federal governments for their treatment of the Indians. The National Intelligence published his Essays on the Present Crisis in the Condition of the American Indians in 1929. The Jeremiah Evarts diary reflects on his continuing health problems and foreshadows his death from consumption in Charleston, South Carolina, while on his way home from a stay in Cuba where he had gone on a quest to restore his health.

From the description of Jeremiah Evarts diary, 1822 (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 46914004

The Dwight mission was named after Timothy Dwight who was president of Yale College. Cephas Washburn was from Vermont and he traveled to Arkansas in 1820 with Alfred Finney. Finney married Washburn's sister, Susanna.

From the description of Letters to Jeremiah Evarts concerning the Dwight mission for Cherokees in Arkansas 1824,1828. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 67615713

Lawyer and philanthropist.

From the description of Papers, 1830. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 30803793

Lawyer, editor, and philanthropist.

From the description of Jeremiah Evarts collection, 1784-1851. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 162502356

Jeremiah Evarts (1781-1831) was a lawyer and philanthropist of Charlestown, Mass.

From the description of Jeremiah Evarts account books, 1826-1830. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122570879

From the guide to the Jeremiah Evarts account books, 1826-1830, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)


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  • Indians, treatment of
  • Indians of North America--Government relations
  • Cherokee Indians--Missions
  • Cherokee Indians--Social life and customs
  • Indians of North America--Relocation
  • Cherokee Indians
  • Missions
  • Trail of Tears, 1838-1839
  • Dwight mission
  • Missons
  • Indians of North America
  • Slavery
  • Missions, American
  • Missionaries
  • Cherokee Indians--Government relations


  • Editors
  • Lawyers
  • Philanthropists


  • Arkansas River (as recorded)
  • Georgia (as recorded)
  • Southern States (as recorded)
  • Arkansas (as recorded)