Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1757-01-11
Death 1804-07-12
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

Thomas Smith, Commissioner of Loans for Pennsylvania.

From the description of Letter to Thomas Smith, Commissioner of Loans for Pennsylvania concerning the payment of indents to Pennsylvania [manuscript] 30 September 1790. 1790. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647960750

Alexander Hamilton (1757-1804) was influential in founding the United States government and served as its first Secretary of the Treasury (1789-1795) under President George Washington.

From the description of Alexander Hamilton letter to David Evans, 1800 January 12. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 773751627

From the description of Alexander Hamilton letter to Winthrop Sargent, 1792 September 21. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 773749482

BIOGHIST REQUIRED Harold C. Syrett (1913- ) was the editor for this project (M.A., 1938; Ph.D., 1944).

From the guide to the Alexander Hamilton Papers Publication Project Records, [ca. 1700]-1981, (Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library, )

Hamilton killed by Aaron Burr in a duel in 1804.

From the description of Letter, 1790. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 41418067

Alexander Hamilton was born on the island of Nevis, British West Indies on January 11, 1757. He immigrated to the United States in 1772, where he received educational training in the schools of Elizabethtown, N.J., and King's College (now Columbia University). Hamilton was appointed aide-de-camp to General Washington in 1777, was a member of the Continental Congress in 1782-1783, and a member of the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention in 1787 which adopted the Constitution of the United States. Mortally wounded in a duel with Aaron Burr at Weehawken, he died in New York City the following day on July 12, 1804.

From the description of Alexander Hamilton collection, 1784-1803. (Peking University Library). WorldCat record id: 63052269

Signer of the Constitution, member of the Continental Congress, Secretary of the Treasury under George Washington.

From the description of Autograph letter signed as Aide de camp : Head Quarters, to the Quartermaster General, [17]81 Feb. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270498227

From the description of Autograph note in third person : to the President of the United States, 1794 May 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270507858

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Treasury Department, to the Secretary of State (Thomas Jefferson), 1793 Jun. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270505579

Alexander Hamilton, the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, was born on the island of Nevis, in the British West Indies. Hamilton was appointed by Washington in 1789 to Treasury Department and his accomplishments included establishment of the dollar as the monetary unit and creation of the First Bank of the United States in 1791.

From the description of Order on First Bank of United States, Letter, 1794,May 16. (Temple University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 122543315

Statesman, Secretary of the Treasury, Lawyer.

From the description of Papers, 1760-1830. [microform]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122314832

U.S. statesman. In 1781 Hamilton was a secretary and aide-de-camp to General George Washington. In 1780, Hamilton married Elizabeth Schuyler, daughter of General Philip John Schuyler. General Schuyler, a Continental Congressman and strong advocate for greater governmental powers for both the states and the nation, became a New York state senator in 1780.

From the description of Letter : to [John Laurens], 1781 Feb. 4. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 32144795

Lawyer, politician, soldier in the American Revolution. Hamilton served as the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury. He was killed in a duel with Aaron Burr in 1804.

From the description of Land patent trial notebook, Claverack Patent, n.d. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122578487

Lawyer, politician, Revolutionary War soldier. Hamilton served as U.S. Secretary of the Treasury. He was killed in 1804 in a duel with Aaron Burr.

From the description of Land patent trial notebook, n.d. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122601432

Revolutionary War soldier, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.

From the description of Mortgage Cancellation Certificate, 1790 June 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122535566

Soldier and statesman.

From the description of Correspondence, 1794-1814 (bulk 1804 June). (New York University, Group Batchload). WorldCat record id: 58665444

Signer of the Constitution, member of the continental congress, secretary of the treasury under George Washington.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : to R. Morris, 1793 May 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270504571

Hamilton was the first Secretary of the Treasury for the United States.

From the guide to the Correspondence and documents, 1777-1800., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

American statesman.

From the description of Autograph document signed : [New York], to the corporation of Albany, 1786 Oct. 1786. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270497566

From the description of Autograph document signed : New York, 1785 Aug. 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270497558

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to Sylvanus Bourne, 1792 May 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270503368

Alexander Hamilton (1757-1804), statesman, was the first United States Secretary of the Treasury.

From the description of Alexander Hamilton papers, 1775-1806. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122485360

From the guide to the Alexander Hamilton papers, 1775-1806, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Founding Father, soldier, economist, political philosopher, Constitutional lawyer, and 1st U.S. Secretary of the Treasury. Nathaniel Prime was first president of the New York Stock and Exchange Board.

From the description of Alexander Hamilton receipt, 1802 Feb. 15. (Litchfield Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 770702380

Statesman.

From the description of Alexander Hamilton letter, 1795 Jan. 31. (New London County Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 71129609

U.S. Secretary of the Treasury (1789-1795).

From the description of Alexander Hamilton legal papers, 1782-1800. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 657077656

Hamilton served as Inspector General of the United States Army from 1798-1800.

From the description of [Provisional list of officers / Alexander Hamilton]. [1798?] (Hamilton College). WorldCat record id: 58994124

Alexander Hamilton was born in the British colony of Nevis. In 1772 he was sent by his family to New York City, where he attended King's College (now Columbia University). When the Revolutionary War began, Hamilton supported the colonists. In 1777, General George Washington made Hamilton his aide-de-camp. After the war, he was admitted to the bar and began practicing law in 1783. Hamilton served on the Continental Congress, 1782-1783, and in 1787 was elected to the New York legislature. He was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1787. In 1789, President Washington elected Hamilton as the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury. A Federalist, Hamilton politically opposed Thomas Jefferson and spoke against Jefferson and Aaron Burr's bid for the presidency. In 1804, Aaron Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel, during which Hamilton was mortally wounded. He died the next day.

From the description of Alexander Hamilton letter, 1792. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 80781077

Signer of the Constitution, member of the Continental Congress, secretary of the treasury under George Washington.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : to Richard Varick, Esq., 1785 Dec. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270504559

Delegate from New York to U.S. Continental Congress, U.S. secretary of the treasury, U.S. Army officer, statesman, and lawyer.

From the description of ALS, 1794 June 25. (Portsmouth Athenaeum Library & Museum). WorldCat record id: 70975624

Harold C. Syrett (1913- ) was the editor for this project (M.A., 1938; Ph.D., 1944).

From the description of Alexander Hamilton Papers Publication Project records, [ca. 1700]-1981. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309770097

Alexander Hamilton (1757-1804) was an American political leader.

From the description of Alexander Hamilton letter, 1801 September 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122609513

American politician.

From the description of Letter signed : Treasury Department, to John Kean, 1792 Apr. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270874744

American political leader. He was the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, an advisor to Pres. George Washington (1732-1799), and the leader of the Federalist Party.

From the description of Draft, 1792. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122486731

Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804) was an American political leader.

From the guide to the Alexander Hamilton letter, 1801 September 13, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

Delegate from New York to the U.S. Continental Congress, U.S. secretary of the treasury, U.S. army officer, statesman, and lawyer.

From the description of Alexander Hamilton papers, 1708-1903 (bulk 1777-1804). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70981865

Biographical Note

  • 1757, Jan. 11: Born, Charlestown, Nevis, Leeward Islands, British West Indies
  • 1766 - 1768 : Clerk, trading firm of Beekman and Cruger, St. Croix
  • 1769: Clerk, business of Nicholas Cruger, St. Croix
  • 1772: Immigrated to Boston, Mass.
  • 1772 - 1773 : Attended Francis Barber's academy, Elizabethtown, N.J.
  • 1773: Entered King's College (later Columbia University), New York, N.Y.
  • 1774: Published A Full Vindication of the Measures of Congress from the Calumnies of Their Enemies (New York: James Rivington. 35 pp.)
  • 1775: Published The Farmer Refuted: or A more impartial and comprehensive View of the Dispute between Great-Britain and the Colonies (New York: James Rivington. 78 pp.)
  • 1776: Appointed captain in command of a provincial company of artillery
  • 1777: Appointed aide-de-camp to George Washington with rank of lieutenant colonel
  • 1780: Married Elizabeth Schuyler
  • 1781: Resigned as aide-de-camp to George Washington (April 30) Given command of New York and Connecticut light infantry battalion and ordered to Virginia (July) Retired from active military duty (November)
  • 1782: Appointed receiver of continental taxes for New York Chosen delegate from New York to the Continental Congress Admitted to practice of law as attorney and counselor before the New York Supreme Court of Judicature
  • 1783: Resigned from Continental Congress in July Opened law office, New York, N.Y.
  • 1784: Organizer, Bank of New York
  • 1786: Chosen delegate to Annapolis, Md., Convention Elected, New York state assembly
  • 1787: Named delegate to the Constitutional Convention, Philadelphia, Pa. Began series of Federalist essays
  • 1788: Elected delegate to the New York ratifying convention
  • 1789: Appointed secretary of the treasury
  • 1790 - 1791 : Prepared four major economic reports for Congress
  • 1791: Elected member, American Philosophical Society
  • 1795: Resigned from office of secretary of the treasury (January 31) Defended carriage tax case before United States Supreme Court
  • 1795 - 1796 : Wrote series of articles under the pseudonyms Philo Camillus and Camillus
  • 1798: Appointed inspector general of the army with rank of major general
  • 1800: Resigned as inspector general
  • 1801: Founder, New York Evening Post
  • 1804, July 12: Died, New York, N.Y., following duel with Aaron Burr

From the guide to the Alexander Hamilton Papers, 1708-1903, (bulk 1777-1804), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Julius Ludwig Goebel (1892-1973) was professor of law, Columbia University, 1921-1961 (M.A., 1912, Ph.D., 1913, LL.B., 1915).

Joseph Henry Smith (1913-1981) was professor of law, Columbia University, 1961-1981 (LL.B., 1938).

From the description of The law practice of Alexander Hamilton papers, [ca. 1700]-1981. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122632658

Advocate of centralized government, Washington's Secretary of the Treasury, 1789-1795, and leader of the Federalist Party.

Also friend and legal adviser to Charles Williamson.

From the description of Letter : Philadelphia, to John Taylor, Albany, [N.Y.], 1792 Feb. 13. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 35996680

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Subjects:

  • Presidents--United States
  • Banking law
  • Finance, Public
  • Land titles--Registration and transfer--Cases
  • Manuscripts, American
  • Practice of law--New York (State)--New York
  • National banks (United States)
  • Harbors
  • Government securities
  • Politics, Government, and Law
  • Jews--Legal status, laws, etc
  • Intervention (Federal government)
  • Debts, Public
  • Economics
  • Statesmen--18th century--Correspondence
  • Debtor and creditor
  • Burr--Hamilton Duel, Weehawken, N.J., 1804
  • Constitutional convention
  • Leave of absence
  • Confederation of states
  • Manufacturing industries
  • Trials (Trespass)
  • Land titles--New York (State)--Registration and transfer--Cases
  • Customs administration--Officials and employees--Correspondence
  • Land titles
  • Finance
  • Customs administration--Connecticut
  • Law
  • Whiskey Rebellion, Pa., 1794
  • Banks and banking
  • Politicians--United States--Correspondence
  • Law--Cases
  • Manufactures
  • Manufacturing industries--United States
  • Finance, Public--United States
  • Loans, Foreign
  • Scholarly publishing
  • Debt
  • Public Finance
  • Customs administration
  • presidents
  • Practice of law
  • Lawyers
  • Politicians--Correspondence
  • Trespass
  • War finance
  • Military education
  • Prisoners of war

Occupations:

  • Army officers
  • Cabinet officers
  • Public officials
  • Lawyers
  • Delegates, U.S. Continental Congress--New York (State)
  • Statesmen
  • Scribe

Places:

  • Pennsylvania--Philadelphia (as recorded)
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  • New York (State)--New York (as recorded)
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  • New York (State)--New York (as recorded)
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  • Connecticut--New London (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
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  • North Carolina (as recorded)
  • Virginia (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--New York (as recorded)
  • Northwest, Old (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Pennsylvania (as recorded)
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