Shoup, David M. (David Monroe), 1904-1983

Alternative names
Birth 1904-12-30
Death 1983-01-13

Biographical notes:

General, United States Marine Corps; commander of Marine forces at Tarawa, 1943; chief of staff, 2d Marine Division, 1944; commandant of the Marine Corps, 1960-1963.

From the description of David M. Shoup papers, 1927-1971. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754870712

Marine Corps officer.

From the description of Reminiscences of David Monroe Shoup : oral history, 1972. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122361984

Biographical Note

  • 1904: Born, Battle Ground, Indiana
  • 1926: Graduate of DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana
  • 20 - Jul : Commissioned a second lieutenant in the US Marine Corps
  • 1926 - 1941 : Various postings within the Marine Corps including an atypical post with the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1933-1934; promoted through ranks to Major
  • 1942: Arrived in New Zealand; Served as G-3, Operations and Training Officer of the 2nd Marine Division
  • 1943: Promoted to Colonel, placed in command of the 2nd Marines, the spearhead of the assault on Tarawa. There he earned the Medal of Honor and a Purple Heart
  • 1944: Served as Chief of staff, 2nd Marine Division
  • 1944 - 1947 : Returned to the U.S; served as Logistics Officer, Division of Plans and Policies, Headquarters Marine Corps
  • 1947: Served as Commanding Officer, Service Command, Fleet Marine Force (FMF), Pacific
  • 1949: Served as Division Chief of Staff, 1st Marine Division, Camp Pendleton, California
  • 1950 - 1952 : Commanding Officer of the Basic School, Quantico, Virginia
  • 1953 - 1955 : Served as Fiscal Director of the Marine Corps
  • 1956 - 1957 : Promoted to Major General, served as Inspector General for Recruit Training
  • 1957 - 1958 : Served as Commanding General of the 1st Marine Division, Camp Pendleton, California, and 3rd Marine Division, Okinawa
  • 1959: Commanding General of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina
  • 12 - Aug : Nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to be the 22nd Commandant of the Marine Corps
  • 1960 - 1963 : Served as 22nd Commandant of the Marine Corps, promoted to four-star general rank, served on the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • 1963: Retired to Arlington, Virginia. Became an outspoken critic of the war in Vietnam
  • 1983: Died, buried in Arlington National Cemetery

From the guide to the David Monroe Shoup Papers, 1904-1983, (Hoover Institution Archives)


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Ark ID:


  • Vietnam War, 1961-1975
  • Veterans--Interviews
  • World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Pacific Ocean
  • World War, 1939-1945
  • Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975
  • World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns
  • Tarawa, Battle of, Kiribati, 1943


not available for this record


  • Pacific Ocean (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)