Froude, James Anthony, 1818-1894

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1818-04-23
Death 1894-10-20
Britons
English

Biographical notes:

Distinguished historian James Anthony Froude was born at Dartington rectory, Devon, in 1818. He was the brother of William Froude (1810-1879), engineer and naval architect, and of Richard Hurrell Froude (1803-1836), divine. The younger Froude was educated at Westminster School from 1830, and then privately in the village of Merton. He studied at Oriel College, Oxford, from 1835, and graduated B.A. in 1842, and took his M.A. in 1843. After briefly writing on the life of St. Neot for the Lives of the English saints by John Henry Newman (1801-1890), Froude devoted himself to the study of modern history and literature. His work Nemesis of faith (1849) was denounced at Exeter College and burnt. He became acquainted with Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881) and he submitted much of his work to Carlyle for review. When Carlyle died, Froude was his sole literary executor. Froude's History of England, published 1856-1870, rivalled that of Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800-1859). He was elected rector of St. Andrews University in 1868. In 1874 he went to South Africa on behalf of the Earl of Carnarvon, Secretary of State for the Colonies, to ascertain what the obstacles to confederation might be among the different states there. His conclusion was that Britain should leave the states to work out their own future and retain control only of the Table Bay peninsula as a military and naval station. He returned to South Africa in 1875 this time as a member of the conference assembled to deliberate on a scheme for South African federation. This came to nothing as did another conference held in London in 1876. In 1876, Froude was a member of the Scottish universities commission. In 1892 he was offered the Regius Professorship of Modern History at Oxford University. He retired in 1894. Froude's other works include The influence of the Reformation on the Scottish character ! (1869), The English in Ireland in the eighteenth century (1872-1874), History of the first forty years of Carlyle's life (1882), History of Carlyle's life in London (1884), Luther: a short biography (1883), the poem Romsdal fiord (1883) written after a visit to Norway, The science of history (1884), Oceana, or England and her colonies (1886) written after a visit to Australia, The English in the West Indies, or, the bow of Ulysses (1888), and The divorce of Catherine of Aragon (1891). Froude had also been editor of Fraser's magazine . James Anthony Froude died on 20 October 1894.

From the guide to the Correspondence of James Anthony Froude (1818-1894), 1862-1893, (Edinburgh University Library)

English historian.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (6) : Knightsbridge, Oxford, etc., to W.A. Knight, [n.y.] Jul. 8-Jan. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752920

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London], to "My dear Maurice", [n.y.] Nov. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752899

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London], to "My dear P[Parker]", [n.y.] May 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752910

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to "Dear P[Parker?]", [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752945

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Knightsbridge, to Mr. Haweis, [n.y.] Jun. 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752893

From the description of Autograph letter signed : to J.E. Millais, [n.y.] Mar. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752932

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London], to "Dear Madam", [n.y.] Mar. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752947

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London], to Matthew Arnold, [1865?] Jun. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752888

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to T.J. Cobden Sanderson, [1866] Dec. 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752926

From the description of Autograph letters signed (2) : London, etc., to Mr. Parker, [n.y.] May 22 and July 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752903

From the description of Autograph letter signed : to J.E. Millais, [n.y.] Jan. 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752939

Historian, novelist, biographer, editor. Works include "The Nemesis of Faith," "Shadows of the Clouds," "Life of Carlyle," "Luther, A Short Biography," "Divorce of Catherine of Aragon," etc.

From the description of J. A. Froude autograph [manuscript], undated. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 276781795

English historian and man of letters.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1877] Nov. 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759854530

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1879] Dec. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759855567

From the description of Manuscript copy of a letter : London, to John Ruskin, [1881] Feb. 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759857994

From the description of Manuscript copy of a letter : London, to John Ruskin, [1882] Jan. 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759864444

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Salcombe, to Joan Severn, [1890] Aug. 31. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760922566

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1886] Apr. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760089450

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1886] Mar. 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760091343

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1865] Dec. 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759614955

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1862] Oct. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759614858

From the description of Fragment of an autograph letter : Salcombe, to John Ruskin, [1889] May 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760893963

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Salcombe, to Joan Severn, [1889] May 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760896661

From the description of Fragment of an autograph letter : Salcombe, to John Ruskin, [1889] May 31. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760901049

From the description of Fragment of an autograph letter : place not specified, to [John Ruskin], [1884]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760003599

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1886] June 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760183954

From the description of Fragment of an autograph letter signed : London, to an unidentified recipient, [year unknown] Mar. 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760218724

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1886] May 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760183832

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1886] Oct. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760195824

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Salcombe, to John Ruskin, [1886] Sept. 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760192249

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to Joan Severn, [1886] Oct. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760193583

From the description of Fragment of an autograph letter : Salcombe, to Joan Severn, [1891] Oct. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 761039505

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Joan Severn, [1891] Feb. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 761025015

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Joan Severn, [1892] Apr. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 761057588

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Oxford, to Joan Severn, [1893] Apr. 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 761089019

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Oxford, to Joan Severn, [1892] Oct. 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 761087137

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Oxford, to Joan Severn, [1893] Apr. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 761088780

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Salcombe, to Joan Severn, [1889] July 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760905952

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Salcombe, to John Ruskin, [1889] June 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760904132

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1884] Nov. 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759972492

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1884] Oct. 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759972322

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1886] June 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760184004

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Salcombe, to Joan Severn, [1891] July 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 761039276

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Oxford, to Joan Severn, [1892] Nov. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 761074545

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Joan Severn, [1889] Nov. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760916243

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Joan Severn, [1890] Mar. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760918071

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Kingsbridge, to Joan Severn, [1889] Oct. 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760909894

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Joan Severn, [1890] Jan. 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760920574

From the description of Fragment of a manuscript copy in an unknown hand : Brantwood, Coniston, to John Ruskin, 1889 Aug. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760913878

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Salcombe, to John Ruskin, [1889] June 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760902002

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Salcombe, to John Ruskin, [1889] July 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760905844

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1888] Apr. 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760889954

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Joan Severn, [1889] Jan. 23. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760891580

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Joan Severn, [1887] Dec. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760888583

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1884] Nov. 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759992723

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1884] Oct. 28. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759972176

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Salcombe, to Joan Severn, [1886] Aug. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760184077

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Kingsbridge, to Joan Severn, [1892] Sept. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 761080905

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1884?] Mar. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759966412

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1884?] Feb. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759969691

From the description of Fragment of a letter : London, to John Ruskin, [1883] Nov. 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759966183

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Kingsbridge, to John Ruskin, [1883 Aug.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759939175

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Joan Severn, [1890] Sept. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760920761

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Joan Severn, [1890] Nov. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760922590

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Florø, Norway, to Joan Severn, [1890] July 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760920715

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Joan Severn, [1890] June 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760920672

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1872] Feb. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759853797

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Kingsbridge, to John Ruskin, [1882] July 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759866155

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1881] Feb. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 759862816

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1886] May 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760091971

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Salcombe, to John Ruskin, [1885] July 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760071225

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, 1886] Mar. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760083235

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1886] Mar. 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760086214

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1886] Apr. 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760095409

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1886] Mar. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760092679

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Kingsbridge, Devonshire, to William Makepeace Thackeray, [no year] Aug. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270878397

From the description of From Goethe's Zahnn Xenien : autograph transcription signed : [n.p., n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270875214

From the description of Autograph letter signed with initials : London, to [John Ruskin], [1886] Nov. 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760222312

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1886] Dec. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760231986

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Ruskin, [1886] Nov. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760226719

From the description of Collection of autograph letters signed : primarily London and Oxford, to John Ruskin and Joan Severn, ca. 1862-1893. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 727395446

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Kingsbridge, to Joan Severn, [1893?] Mar. 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 761089603

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Salcombe, to Joan Severn, [1889] July 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 760909370

James Anthony Froude was an English historian specializing in Reformation and Tudor studies. He was educated at Westminster and Oriel colleges, Oxford, and was elected Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford. He was influenced by the High Church movement and John Henry Newman, but soon became disillusioned with the movement and influenced by the ideas of Thomas Carlyle, causing him to shift his religious views toward Protestantism. He later wrote a four-volume biography on Carlyle, 1882-1884, and edited the letters of Jane Welsh Carlyle. One of his most important works was the 12-volume History of England, 1856-1876.

From the description of James Anthony Froude letters, between 1850 and 1894? (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 60494812

Historian.

From the description of Papers, 1867-1891. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 40067294

James Anthony Froude, English historian and man of letters.

From the description of James Anthony Froude manuscript material : 19 items, 1870-1884 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 226072253

James Froude was an English historian.

From the description of James Anthony Froude collection. (University of Victoria Libraries). WorldCat record id: 667848470

British historian.

From the description of Papers, 1861-1890. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20774265

From the description of Letter to "My dearest Fanny" [manuscript], n.y., February 19. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647862115

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Subjects:

  • Jews--Persecution--19th century
  • Authors, Irish--19th century--Correspondence
  • Authors, English--19th century--Correspondence
  • Printing
  • Authors, English--Relations with women
  • Ballads, Scots
  • Evangelicalism
  • Elections
  • Historians--Correspondence
  • Authors, English--19th century--Political and social views
  • Authors and publishers
  • Oxford movement
  • Copyright, International

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Places:

  • United States (as recorded)
  • Ireland (as recorded)
  • Russia (as recorded)
  • South Africa (as recorded)
  • England (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)