Markham, Edwin, 1852-1940

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1852-04-23
Death 1940-03-07
Americans

Biographical notes:

Prominent 19th Century poet and social activist. Born Charles Edward Anson Markham.

From the description of Letter, 1893 February 27, Oakland, California / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1893. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353726

From the description of Letter, 1893 July 3, New York [to] Mr. E.E. Burlingame, Editor, Scribner's Magazine / Charles Edwin Markham. 1893. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353760

From the description of Letter, 1904 March 31, Tuxedo, New York [to] Mr. Piere [sic] MacDonald / Edwin Markham. 1904. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47350961

From the description of Letter, 1893 September 14, Tompkins School, Oakland, [California] / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1893. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353818

From the description of Letter, 1899 March 1, Tompkins School, Oakland, [California] [to] Mr. Haskell / Edwin Markham. 1899. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47403636

From the description of Letter, 1899 March 10, Tompkins School, Oakland, [California] [to] Mr. Millard / Edwin Markham. 1899. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47405539

From the description of Letter, 1896 November 19, Tompkins School, Oakland, California [to] Mr. Johnson / Charles Edwin Markham. 1896. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47375419

From the description of Letter, 1900 March 8, Brooklyn, New York [to] Mrs. Cornell / [Edwin Markham]. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439230

From the description of Letter, 1901, October 27, West New Brighton, New York [to] Mr.? Lemon, S.D. / Edwin Markham. 1901. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281148

From the description of Letter, 1903 September 8, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Rev. J.W. Chadwick / Edwin Markham. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47282070

From the description of Letter, 1903 July 6, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Dr. James H. Canfield / Edwin Markham. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281973

From the description of Letter, 1903 August 31, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mr. George Howard Gibson / Edwin Markham. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281979

From the description of Letter, 1903 September 3, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mr. James / [Edwin Markham]. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47282009

From the description of Letter, 1902 August 16, West New Brighton, New York, U.S.A. / Edwin Markham. 1902. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281572

From the description of Letter, 1903 June 12, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mr. Anthony E. Willis / Edwin Markham. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281970

From the description of Letter, 1903 September 10, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mr. Southworth / Edwin Markham. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47282062

From the description of Letter, [1900] October 18 [to] my dear girl [Anna Catherine Marhkham], Los Angeles / E. [Edwin Markham]. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439169

From the description of Letter, 1900 March 19, Brooklyn, New York [to] Mr. Geo. S. Lockwood / Edwin Markham. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439365

From the description of Letter, 1899 May 25, [Oakland, California] [to] Mr. Older / Edwin Markham. 1899. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47429410

From the description of Letter, 1900 January 28, Brooklyn, New York / Edwin Markham. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439427

From the description of Letter, 1900 March 29, Brooklyn, New York [to] Mr. Walraven / Edwin Markham. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439235

From the description of Letter, 1900 May 17, Brooklyn, New York to the Editor of "The Overland Monthly" / Edwin Markham. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439242

From the description of Letter, [1899, Oakland, California to] Miss Woods / C.E.M. [Charles Edwin Markham]. 1899. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47431702

From the description of Letter, 1900 February 29 [sic], Brooklyn [to] Mr. Hamilton Holt, Editor, the Independent, New York City / Edwin Markham. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439322

From the description of Letter, 1900 January 31, Brooklyn, New York [to] Cheney, San Francisco / [Edwin Markham]. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439379

From the description of Letter, 1900 November 28, Brooklyn [to] Mr. R.E. Matthews / Edwin Markham. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439253

From the description of Letter, 1899 April 1, Oakland, California [to] Mr. Knight / Edwin Markham. 1899. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47438654

From the description of Letter, 1900 December 17, Brooklyn [to] Prof. E.H. Griggs / Edwin Markham. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439275

From the description of Letter, 1899 May 6, Oakland, California [to] Mr. & Mrs. A.L. Farish / Edwin Markham. 1899. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47413624

From the description of Letter, 1900 December 19, Brooklyn [to] Mr. Theodore F. Seward, New York, New York / Edwin Markham. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439301

From the description of Letter, 1899 October 4, New York City [to] Mr. Herbert Small, c/0 Small, Maynard & Co., Boston / Edwin Markham. 1899. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439030

From the description of Letter, 1900 December 12, Brooklyn [to] Prof. Edward Howard Griggs / Edwin Markham. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439281

From the description of Letter, 1900 August 29, Brooklyn, New York [to] Mr. J.C. Rowell, U.C. Library, Berkeley [California] / Edwin Markham. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439357

From the description of Letter, 1903 September 7, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mr. Forrest Willima Beers / Edwin Markham. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47282072

From the description of Letter, 1903 September 9, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mr. Henry P. Toler, New York / Edwin Markham. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47282065

From the description of Letter, 1903 August 27, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mr. Robert Newton Plummer / Edwin Markham. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281976

From the description of Letter, 1902 July 7, Westerleigh, Staten Island [New York] [to] Mr. W.W. Whitelock / Edwin Markham. 1902. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281412

From the description of Letter, 1903 September 10, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mr. [John] Barker / Edwin Markham. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47282050

From the description of Letter, 1890 July 6, Santa Isabel, California [to] Edward E. Cothron / Ch. E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1888. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353625

From the description of Letter, 1904 September 31 [sic], Landing, New Jersey [to] John Burroughs / Edwin Markham. 1904. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47351776

From the description of Letter, 1891 April 29, Tompkins School, Oakland, California [to] P.M. Fisher / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1890. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353634

From the description of Letter, 1904 November 18, Landing, New Jersey [to] Rabbi Alter Abelson / Edwin Markham. 1904. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47351739

From the description of Letter, 1904 Sept 27, Landing, New Jersey [to] Mr. Wood / [Edwin Markham]. 1904. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47351671

From the description of Letter, 1893 April 12, Oakland, California [to] Mrs. Madge Morris Wagner / Charles Edwin Markham. 1893. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353728

From the description of Letter, 1888 July 12, Bellina, [California] [to] Mr. E.E. Cothron / Chas. Edwin Markham. 1888. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353556

From the description of Letter, 1904 January 24, Westerleigh, Staten Island, [New York] [to] Miss Juanita Miller / Edwin Markham. 1904. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47350579

From the description of Letter, 1891 May 19, Tompkins School, [Oakland, California] [to] Mr. Geo. Hodgkiss / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1891. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353646

From the description of Letter, 1905 December 13, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mr. Madison Cawein / Edwin Markham. 1905. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47352239

From the description of Letter, 1882, September 1, Placerville, California [to] Professor / Charles E. Markham. 1882. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47352496

From the description of Letter, 1904 November 20, Landing, New Jersey [to] Oscar D. Small, Atlanta, Georgia / Edwin Markham. 1904. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47351192

From the description of Letter, 1905 September 27, Landing, New Jersey [to] Rev. Gustavus Tuckerman, New York City / Edwin Markham. 1904. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47352162

From the description of Letter, 1888 August 30, Bellina, California [to Editor, Scribner's Magazine] / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1888. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353499

From the description of Letter, 1893 April 25, Oakland, [California] [to] Brother / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1893. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353733

From the description of Letter, 1905 January 7, Westerleigh, Staten Island, [New York] [to] Block / Edwin Markham. 1904. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47352007

From the description of Letter, 1905 February 3, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mr. B.B. Vallentine [sic] / Edwin Markham. 1904. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47352073

From the description of Letter, 1904 March 31, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mr. John Spargo / Edwin Markham. 1904. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47350836

From the description of Telegram, 1886 February 13, Placerville, California [to] Mrs. Edwin Markham. 1886. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47352963

From the description of Letter, 1888 May 19, Bellina, San Diego County, California [to] Editor, Scribner's Magazine. 1888. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353447

From the description of Letter, 1893 July 9, Columbian Hall, Chicago [Illinois] [to] Mr. Prof. George E. Woodberry, New York City / Charles Edwin Markham. 1893. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353812

From the description of Letter, 1892 December 11, Tompkins School, Oakland, [California] [to] the Manager of "The Call" / Charles Edwin Markham. 1891. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353712

From the description of Letter, 1889 May 9, San Francisco [California] [to] Mother / C.E.M. [Charles Edwin Markham]. 1889. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353602

From the description of Letter, 1893 January 6, Oakland, California [to] Rev. Myron Reed, Denver, Colorado / Charles Edwin Markham. 1893. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353721

From the description of Letter, 1904 February 19, Westerleigh, Staten Island, [New York] [to] Mr. Richard Wilson Gilder / Edwin Markham. 1904. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47351821

From the description of Letter, 1886 March 7, Placerville, California [to] Professor / Charles E. Markham. 1886. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47352893

From the description of Letter, 1890 February 5, Haywards, California [to] C.H. Crandall / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1890. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353618

From the description of Letter, 1905 February 27, Brick House, Noroton, Connecticut [to] Catherine [Markham] / E.M. [Edwin Markham]. 1905. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47352430

From the description of Letter, 1893 [Oakland, California] [to] Rocky Mt. News / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1893. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353821

From the description of Letter, 1893 May 22, Tompkins School, [Oakland, California] [to] Mrs. H.G. Sibley / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1893. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353747

From the description of Letter, 1893 May 30, Tompkins School, Oakland, [California] [to] Mrs. Charles Webb Howard / Charles Edwin Markham. 1893. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353750

From the description of Letter, 1889 June 13, On the Train [California] [to] Mr, Fischer / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1889. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353590

From the description of Letter, 1888 August 16, Bellina, California [to] Mr. Allen S. Batsford, Los Angeles, California / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1888. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353480

From the description of Letter, 1889 May 17, San Diego, [California] [to] Miss Ruth Royce / Charles Edwin Markham. 1889. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353570

From the description of Letter, 1905 November 11, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mr. Goff / Edwin Markham. 1905. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47352205

From the description of Letter, 1885 October 23, Placerville, El Dorado County, California [to] Editor, Literary World / Charles E. Markham. 1885. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353825

From the description of Letter, 1893 May 20, Oakland, California [to] James Whitcomb Rile, Indianapolis, Indiana / Charles Edwin Markham. 1893. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353736

From the description of Letter, 1904 February 12, Westerleigh, Staten Island, [New York] [to] Mr. [Leonard] van Noppen / [Edwin Markham]. 1904. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47350804

From the description of Letter, 1904 June 22, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mrs. Eugenia Kellogg-Churchill / Edwin Markham. 1904. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47350999

From the description of Letter, 1903 October 4, Brooklyn, New York [to] Mr. Edmund Clarence Stedman / [Edwin Markham]. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47282013

From the description of Letter, 1900 February 14, Brooklyn [to] Mr. Gunneson / Edwin Markham. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439099

From the description of Letter, 1899 April 4, Oakland, California [to] Mr. Wm. Dean Howells / Edwin Markham. 1899. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47438803

From the description of Letter, 1900 February 23, Brooklyn [to] Mr. Hubbard / Edwin Markham. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439139

From the description of Letter, 1899 March 7, Tompkins School, Oakland, [California] [to] Mr. Joseph Leggett, San Francisco / Edwin Markham. 1899. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47407818

From the description of Letter, 1900 February 5, Brooklyn, New York [to] Mr. Coburn / Edwin Markham. 1900. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47439079

From the description of Letter, 1902 December 19, Westerleigh, New York [to] Mr. Abukhahl Aman / Edwin Markham. 1902. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281628

From the description of Letter, 1904 July 29, Landing, New Jersey [to] Mr. Wm. Mills [sic] Butler / Edwin Markham. 1904. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47351250

From the description of Letter, 1887 November 15, San Francisco, [California] [to] Messrs. Charles Scribner's Sons. Edwin Markham. 1887. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47353406

From the description of Letter, 1902, April 24, West New Brighton, New York [to] Mr. Philip Verrill Mighels / Edwin Markham. 1902. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281305

From the description of Letter, 1903 September 7, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] F.S. Reisenberg / Edwin Markham. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281994

From the description of Letter, 1901, May 8, Brooklyn, New York [to] Mr. Marcus L. Kenner, New York / Edwin Markham. 1901. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47280954

From the description of Letter, 1902 November 29, West New Brighton, New York [to] Mr. L. DuPont Syle / Edwin Markham. 1902. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281487

From the description of Letter, 1903 March 18, Westerleigh, Staten Island, [New York] [to] Mr. Luther Fernald / Edwin Markham. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281958

From the description of Letter, 1903 January 14, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mr. Torrence / E.M. [Edwin Markham]. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281922

From the description of Letter, 1903 September 2, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Miss Watson / [Edwin Markham]. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47282004

From the description of Letter, 1901, March 19, Brooklyn, New York [to] Mr. Samuel Wyatt, Cheyenne, S.D. / Edwin Markham. 1901. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47280601

From the description of Letter, 1902, April 10, West New Brighton, New York [to] Mr. Gill / Edwin Markham. 1902. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281240

From the description of Letter, 1903 September 10, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] John Barker / Edwin Markham. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47282045

From the description of Letter, 1903 January 31, Westerleigh, Staten Island, [New York] [to] Mr. Mackay / E.M. [Edwin Markham]. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281929

From the description of Concerning James Whitcomb Riley / Edwin Markham. 1899. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47435344

From the description of Letter, 1903 September 7, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mr. D.M. Murphy, Manager, U.L. Press / Edwin Markham. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281912

From the description of Letter, 1897 March 8, Tompkins School, [Oakland, California] [to] Mr. Nye / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1896. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47388441

From the description of Letter, 1894 September 25, Tompkins School, [Oakland, California] [to] Mr. Sosso / [Charles Edwin Markham]. 1894. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47366972

From the description of Letter, 1899 February 6, Oakland, [California] [to] Mr. Wells Drury / Edwin Markham. 1899. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47398757

From the description of Letter, 1895 January 20, Oakland, California to the editor of Scribner's Magazine / Charles Edwin Markham. 1895. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47367091

From the description of Letter, 1896 July 2, Oakland, [California] [to] Mr. Hill / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1896. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47382512

From the description of Postcard, 1896 January 27, Tompkins School, Oakland, California [to] Business Manager of New York Journal, New York City, New York / Charles Edwin Markham. 1896. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47373394

From the description of Letter, 1895 June 17, Oakland, California to Director Webb N. Pearce, Chairman Com. School Houses and Sites [Oakland, California] / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1895. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47369012

From the description of Letter, 1894 March 1, "At Home," [Oakland, California] [to] Mr. C.M. Carrington, Editor, Staturday Press, Oakland / Charles Edwin Markham. 1894. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47366905

From the description of Letter, 1895 August 9, Dimond, Alameda Co., California [to] dear friend / Charles Edwin Markham. 1895. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47370652

From the description of Letter, 1899 January 13, Tompkins School. Oakland, [California] [to] My dear brother / Edwin Markham. 1899. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47396952

From the description of Letter, 1896 January 20, Tompkins School, Oakland, [California] / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1896. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47377796

From the description of Letter, 1899 January 17, Tompkins School, [Oakland, California] [to] Mr. and Mrs. Post / Edwin Markham. 1899. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47401640

From the description of Letter, 1898 December 30, Tompkins School, Oakland, California, U.S.A. [to] Signorina Paola Lombroso, "in prison" / Edwin Markham. 1898. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47392270

From the description of Letter, 1894 May 6, "At Home in the Hills," [Oakland, California] [to] Madam Donne Beaumont / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1894. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47366853

From the description of Letter, 1899 January 15, Oakland, [California] [to] Mr. Bailey Millard / Edwin Markham. 1899. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47395709

From the description of Letter, 1896 June 10, Tompkins School, Oakland, [California] [to] Mr. Hill / C.E. [Charles Edwin] Markham. 1896. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47385828

From the description of Letter, 1903 September 7, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mrs. Townsend Allen / Edwin Markham. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47282083

From the description of Letter, 1903 September 1, Westerleigh, Staten Island, New York [to] Mr. Jackson / Edwin Markham. 1903. (Wagner College). WorldCat record id: 47281982

Poet and educator.

From the description of Edwin Markham papers, circa 1893-1937. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70982665

The Edgar Allan Poe Cottage, owned by the City of New York, has been open as a museum since 1917. Poe lived in the cottage, located in the Bronx, N.Y., from 1846 until his death in 1849. It was declared an official city landmark in 1966 and has been under the administration of the Bronx County Historical Society since 1975.

From the guide to the Edgar Allan Poe Cottage records, ca. 1905-1974, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Edwin Markham lived from 1852-1940. He was born in Oregon City, Oregon to a pioneer family. He lived much of his life as a young adult in California. His first poem was published at age 28 and did not receivewide recognition until the age of 47, when "Man With the Hoe" brought him international fame. In addition to "Man With the Hoe, Markham published a number of bestselling poetry books, and was chosen Oregon Poet Laureate in 1921. Markham lived in the New York area for most of his late adult life.

From the guide to the Edwin Markham Collection, 1880-1985, (Lewis & Clark College Special Collections and Archives)

Edwin Markham (1852-1940) was an American author and poet. Born and raised in California, he taught literature there until 1879 when he became Superintendent of Education for El Dorado County. Five California schools are named for him. In 1901 he relocated to Staten Island in New York, where he established the Poetry Society of America in 1910. In addition to his teaching, he wrote poetry and essays and lectured in numerous venues.

From the guide to the Edwin Markham Collection, 1914-1942, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

American poet.

From the description of Papers of Edwin Markham [manuscript], 1912-1927. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647846118

From the description of Letters from Edwin Markham [manuscript], 1915-1927. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647881477

From the description of Letter, 1904 Nov. 16, to [J.A.] Filcher. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122384357

From the description of Typed letter signed : New York City, to Herbert Small, of Small, Maynard, & Co., 1899 Oct. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270609624

American lecturer and poet.

From the description of Poems in their final forms : a record begun September 3, 1931 : autograph manuscript notebook of verse, 1924-1934. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270609501

Poet, social critic.

From the description of Markham, Edwin, 1852-1940 papers, 1863-1938. (New York State Historical Documents). WorldCat record id: 155572012

Edwin Markham was a teacher and popular American poet. In contrast to his contemporaries, his verse revolves around the themes of love, peace, and socialism. He became a voice for labor reform and spiritual growth.

From the description of Edwin Markham letter to My dear sirs, 1899 May 3. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 51989849

Edwin Markham was born in the Oregon territory and raised in California, where he earned a teaching certificate and taught for several years. He became a follower of the utopian socialist Thomas Lake Harris, and contributed poetry to national magazines for many years before publishing The Man with the Hoe. This poem, based on a Millet painting, eloquently celebrates the working class and made Markham an international celebrity. Although critics were sharply divided on the quality of his work, he remained an extremely popular poet; his work is typically concerned with themes of social reform and universal brotherhood.

From the description of Edwin Markham corrected proof, portrait, and signed poem, 1913-1926. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 61691319

American poet, best-known for "The Man with the Hoe" and "Lincoln, the Man of the People."

From the description of Poem, ca. 1900? (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122608754

California poet. Raised near Vacaville, became a schoolteacher in Coloma and later in Oakland. Became famous overnight with publication of "The Man with a Hoe," his protest against brutalization of labor, in "San Francisco Examiner" (January 15, 1899). Following this success Markham moved to New York where he scored another triumph with "Lincoln and Other Poems" (1901). He became a well-known reader of his own poems and lecturer of idealistic views, but his creative output for remainder of life enjoyed scant critical acclaim. Poems in the collection are dedicated to "The English Room of the College of the Pacific" where Markham once lectured (1931).

From the description of Edwin Markham poems, 1899-1931. (University of the Pacific). WorldCat record id: 34775117

Markham moved to New York in 1899 where his poetry met great success.

From the description of ALS, 1898 August 2 : the Tompkins School, Oakland, to Mrs. Briggs. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 16813556

Edwin Markham was an American poet, lecturer, and editor.

From the description of Edwin Markham collection of papers, 1852-1940. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122430978

From the guide to the Edwin Markham collection of papers, 1852-1940, (The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.)

American poet and lecturer.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (2) : Brooklyn, New York, to Jenkin Lloyd Jones, 1900 Feb. 16-1901 Jan. 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270608574

From the description of The man with the hoe : autograph manuscript signed of the poem : San Francisco, 1898?. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270609458

Charles Edward Anson Markham (1852-1940), later known as Edwin, was the youngest of nine children, born on April 23, 1852, in Oregon City, Oregon. His parents, Elizabeth Winchell and Samuel Markham, were married in Michigan and traveled by wagon train to settle in the Oregon Territory. His parents divorced shortly after his birth and his mother and her younger children moved to Suisun Hills, northeast of San Francisco.

Markham received his teacher's certificate in 1870 from the California College in Vacaville, graduated from San Jose State Normal School in 1872, and then studied classics at Christian College in Santa Rosa. After graduation, Markham taught in many communities across Central and Northern California. His first teaching position was in El Dorado County and in 1879 he was elected county superintendent of schools. In 1884, he was a school headmaster in Hayward, and in 1890, he was hired as the principal of the Tompkins Observation School in Oakland.

Markham rose to fame as a poet with the publication of "The Man with the Hoe," which was inspired by a Francois Millet woodcut of the same name. On New Year's Eve of 1898, Markham read the poem at a party, which led to its publication in the San Francisco Examiner. Because Markham's populist views were in line with the social reform movements of the day, his poem became an overnight sensation.

From the description of Edwin Markham collection, 1898-1994, (bulk 1910-1940). (San Jose Public Library). WorldCat record id: 70225066

Poet and lecturer.

Markham was born in Oregon City, Oregon. He lived in California from 1857-1901, and worked as a school teacher and administrator. Markham published several books of poetry, often dealing with social and industrial problems. He won great popularity, and devoted himself to lecturing and writing. Markham died in New York City.

From the description of Edwin Markham Papers, 1888-1938, (bulk 1909-1938). (Boston College). WorldCat record id: 32876087

Biographical Note

Edwin Markham was born April 23, 1852 in Oregon City, Oregon. He grew up in central California, the son of pioneer parents. He became a school teacher and adminisitrator but gained fame in 1899 with the publication of his most famous poem, "The Man with the Hoe." After the success of this poem, he spent his career as a writer and lecturer. He died March 7, 1940, in New York City.

From the guide to the Edwin Markham Papers, 1893-1937, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Biographical Note

Edwin Markham

  • 1852, Apr. 23: Born Charles Edward Anson Markham, Oregon City, Oregon Territory
  • 1857 - 1870 : Attended school in Suisan and Santa Clara valleys, Calif.
  • circa1870: Obtained teaching certificate, California College, Vacaville, Calif.
  • 1872: Graduated, San Jose Normal School, San Jose, Calif.
  • 1874: Attended Christian College, Santa Rosa, Calif.
  • 1875: Married Annie Cox (divorced 1884)
  • 1875 - 1899 : Teacher, principal, and school superintendent in Southern California
  • 1880: Published "The Gulf of Night"
  • 1887: Married Caroline E. Bailey (divorced)
  • 1898: Married Anna Catherine Murphy (died 1938)
  • 1899: Published "The Man with the Hoe," San Francisco Examiner Published The Man with the Hoe. New York: Doxey's
  • circa 1900: Moved to New York, N.Y.
  • 1901: Published Lincoln and Other Poems. New York: McClure, Phillips
  • 1902: Met Florence Hamilton, later his confidential secretary and lecture manager
  • 1910: Charter member, Poetry Society of America
  • 1914: Published with Benjamin B. Lindsey and George Creel Children in Bondage. New York: Hearst's International Library Published California the Wonderful. New York: Hearst's International Library
  • 1915: Published The Shoes of Happiness, and Other Poems. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page
  • 1920: Published Gates of Paradise and Other Poems. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page
  • 1921 - 1940 : Poet laureate of Oregon
  • 1922: Read "Lincoln, Man of the People" at dedication of Lincoln Memorial, Washington, D.C.
  • 1925: Published Foundation Stones of Success. Chicago: Howard-Severance Co.
  • 1926: Publication of "The Ballad of the Gallows Bird," Century Magazine
  • 1927: Published The Book of Poetry. New York: W. H. Wise
  • 1929: Elected to the Academy of Arts and Letters
  • 1930: Published Songs and Stories. Los Angeles: Powell Publishing Co.
  • 1932: Published New Poems: Eighty Songs at Eighty. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran.
  • 1933: Awarded honorary Literary Doctorate, St. Lawrence University, Canton, N.Y.
  • 1936: Lecture tour in Mexico
  • 1937: Published The Star of Araby. Stapleton, N.Y.: J. Willig Press Awarded $5,000 prize by Academy of American Poets Declared mentally incompetent by a court in New York
  • 1938: Recorded "Edwin Markham Himself," a phonograph album of his principal poems
  • 1940, Mar. 7: Died, Staten Island, N.Y.

Florence Hamilton

  • 1873, July 20: Born Florence Danforth, Upper Jay, N.Y.
  • circa 1890: Married Ernest Hamilton
  • circa 1920 - 1936 : Confidential secretary and lecture manager for Edwin Markham
  • 1930s - 1950s : Member and elected official, National League of American Pen Women, Poetry Forum, and Congress of American Poets Lecturer on poetry
  • 1934: Founding member, Academy of American Poets
  • 1936: Dean of women, Summer School of Poetry, National University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1939: Published A Moment's Monument. New York: Klein-Heimbinder Co.
  • 1942: Published Mirrors and Human Voices. Prairie City, Ill.: James A. Decker Press
  • 1968, Apr. 14: Died, Richmond, Va.

From the guide to the Florence Hamilton Collection Relating to Edwin Markham, 1857-1959, (bulk 1926-1942), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

The American poet Edwin Markham was born in Oregon in 1852. He studied literature at the California College in Vacaville, California, and received his teacher's certificate in 1870. In 1872 he graduated from San Jose State Normal School, and in 1873 finished his studies of classics at Christian College in Santa Rosa.

At the turn of the twentieth century, with his wife Catherine Anna Murphy and their infant son Virgil, he moved East, settling first in Brooklyn, and then on Staten Island, New York in 1901, where he made his home until he died in 1940.

Markham is best known for his protest against the exploitation of laborers in the poem "The Man with the Hoe" and for his poem, "Lincoln, the Man of the People," that he delivered at the inauguration of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D. C., in 1922.

From the guide to the Edwin Markham poems, 1931, (University of Montana-Missoula Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library Archives and Special Collections)

The American poet Edwin Markham was born in Oregon in 1852. He studied literature at the California College in Vacaville, California, and received his teacher's certificate in 1870. In 1872 he graduated from San Jose State Normal School, and in 1873 finished his studies of classics at Christian College in Santa Rosa.

At the turn of the twentieth century, with his wife Catherine Anna Murphy and their infant son Virgil, he moved East, settling first in Brooklyn, and then on Staten Island, New York in 1901, where he made his home until he died in 1940.

Markham is best known for his protest against the exploitation of laborers in the poem "The Man with the Hoe" and for his poem, "Lincoln, the Man of the People," that he delivered at the inauguration of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D. C., in 1922.

From the guide to the Fortunes of the Sea, August 1924, (University of Montana-Missoula Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library Archives and Special Collections)

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Subjects:

  • Poetry
  • Historic buildings
  • Poets, American--20th century--Correspondence
  • American literature--20th century
  • Poets, American
  • American poetry
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  • American poetry--20th century
  • Poets, American--Biographies
  • Fiction--20th century--History and criticism
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  • Lectures and lecturing
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Occupations:

  • Poets, American
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  • Poets

Places:

  • United States (as recorded)
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  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
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