Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1798-07-24
Death 1879-04-21
Britons
English

Biographical notes:

Dix was secretary of state for New York from 1833-1839, and Governor of New York from 1873-1874.

From the description of John A. Dix letter : to Thomas Farrington, 1841 November 20. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 778859074

John Adams Dix and Erasmus Darwin Keyes were both Union Major Generals during the Civil War. Dix was also a former U.S. senator and Secretary of the Treasury, and went on to become the 24th governor of New York. After Major General Benjamin Butler's "contraband" decision, thousands of Southern slaves fled to Fort Monroe, resulting in the creation of the Great Contraband Camp to house them.

From the description of John Adams Dix letter to Erasmus Darwin Keyes, 1862. (New-York Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 709966628

Union Army general in the U.S. Civil War.

From the description of Autograph, 1864 March 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122617652

Union Army general during the U.S. Civil War.

From the description of Letter, 1861 May 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 145407187

Lawyer; New York congressman; U.S. secretary of the Treasurey, 1861; major, Union Army, 1861-1865; railroad company president; New York governor, 1873-1875.

From the description of Copy of telegram : Fort Monroe, [Va.,] to E[dwin] M[cMasters] Stanton, 1862 Oct. 23. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 29551817

American army officer and political leader.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to A.N. Cole, 1877 Nov. 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270526100

From the description of Telegram signed : Fort Monroe, addressed to Gideon Welles, 1863 June 23. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270539138

American Army Officer and Political Leader.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to W.C. Bryant, 1864 Jan. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270526096

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to Isaac Toucey, Secretary of the Navy, 1859 Dec. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270526088

From the description of Autograph letter signed : West Hampton, to David A. Wells, 1877 Oct. 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270531247

From the description of Autograph note signed : Fort Monroe, addressed to Mrs. Grapp, 1863 Jun. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270534048

Born in Boscawen, N.H.; served as Secretary of Treasury and senator; served as Union major general in Civil War; served as minister to France and governor of New York.

From the description of Letter, 1873 May 17 (Albany N.Y.) to Richard Lathers (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 738498530

American statesman.

From the description of John A. Dix papers, 1813-1879. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 493894988

John Adams Dix was born July 24, 1798, in New Hampshire; he received a classical education and then served in the army, rising to the rank of major; meanwhile he studied law, became an attorney, and in 1826 married Catharine Morgan; they eventually had seven children. He resigned from the army and moved to New York State, where he managed family properties and entered politics, serving in a number of positions; in 1845 he was elected to fill a term in the United States Senate, where he participated in international affairs; he later served briefly as postmaster and then as secretary of the treasury and in 1861 was commissioned major-general by President Lincoln, serving during the Civil War in administrative positions, including as head of the Department of Maryland. After the war he became minister to France from 1866-69 and then withdrew from political life for a time, serving as president of two railroads and practicing law in New York City. In 1872 he was elected governor of New York and served one term, then retiring but continuing in various civic activities; he was also the author of several books. He died April 21, 1879, in New York City.

From the guide to the John A. Dix Civil War Pass and Letter MS 110., 1862, 1869, (Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University, Houston, TX)

Army Major-General, Governor of New York (1873-75), Secretary of the Treasury.

From the description of Letter, 1832 October 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122519679

Commander of the Department of the East during the Civil War; Governor of New York, 1873-1875.

From the description of Letter : New York, to Henry G. Hill, 1864 Mar. 24. (Bryn Mawr College). WorldCat record id: 28900966

Dix was briefly reform president of the Erie Railroad in 1872.

From the description of Letter, 1872 July 29, West Hampton, [N.Y.], to Jona. Tenney. (Dartmouth College Library). WorldCat record id: 6002607

U.S. secretary of the treasury, army officer, and senator from and governor of New York.

From the description of John A. Dix papers, 1863-1873. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79423631

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Subjects:

  • Finance, Public--History--19th century
  • Natural history
  • American literature--19th century
  • Smithsonian Institution
  • Public schools
  • Statesmen--New York (State)
  • Checks
  • Elections
  • Military supplies
  • Light House Board
  • Steamboat lines
  • Smithsonian Exchange
  • Mexican War, 1846-1848
  • Fugitive slaves
  • School districts
  • Buena Vista, Battle of, Mexico, 1847
  • Geology
  • Treasury Department
  • Recommendations For Positions
  • Smithsonian Building

Occupations:

  • Army officers
  • Soldiers--United States
  • Governors--New York (State)
  • Statesmen
  • Soldiers
  • Cabinet officers
  • Senators, U.S. Congress--New York (State)

Places:

  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States-History-Civil War, 1861-1865. (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--Allegany County (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States-New York State-Politics-19th century. (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--Livingston County (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Fort Monroe (Va.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)