Bardeen, John

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1908-05-23
Death 1991-01-30
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

Physicist.

From the description of Reminiscences of John Bardeen : oral history, 1963. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122586692

John Bardeen (1908-1991). Physicist (solid state). Research physicist, Bell Telephone Laboratories, 1945-1951; Professor of Physics, University of Illinois, Urbana, from 1951. Nobel Prize in Physics, 1956 and 1972.

From the description of Superconductivity and other macroscopic quantum systems [videorecording] / 1990 April 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154305337

Mathematician.

From the description of Oral history interview with John Bardeen, 1984 May 29. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 63297188

John Bardeen (1908-1991). Physicist (solid state). Research physicist, Bell Telephone Laboratories, 1945-1951; Prof. of Physics, University of Illinois, Urbana, from 1951. Nobel Prize in Physics, 1956 and 1972.

From the description of Oral history interviews with John Bardeen, 1977-1978. (American Institute of Physics). WorldCat record id: 84447555

From the description of Oral history interview with John Bardeen, 1980 February 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79021334

Physicist, 1908-1991.

From the description of Oral history interview with John Bardeen, 1984 May 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81609548

May 23, 1908 Born, Madison, Wisconsin - son of Medical School Dean Charles R. Bardeen and Althea Harmer

1923 University High and Madison Central

1928 B.S. Wisconsin, Electrical Engineering. Western Electric. Edward Bennett electrodynamics course

1929 M.S. Wisconsin, Electrical Engineering.�??�?  J. H. Van Vleck

1930-33 Geophysicists, Gulf Research and Development Corporation - Leo J. Peters

1936 Ph.D. Princeton, Mathematics and Physics.�??�?  E. P. Wigner

1935-38 Junior Fellow, Harvard.�??�?  J. H. Van Vleck and P. W. Bridgman

1938 Married Jane Maxwell, July 18

1939-41 Assistant Professor of Physics, University of Minnesota

1941-45 Principal Physicist, U. S. Naval Ordnance Laboratory (Washington D.C.), magnetism and minesweeping

1945-51 Radar, Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey

1947 Surface physics - properties of contacts between metals of semi-conductors depend on electron behavior in surface energy levels

1948 Transistors with William B. Shockley and Walter Brattain.�??�?  Point contact type

1951-75 Professor of Physics and Electrical Engineering, University of Illinois.�??�?  Louis Ridenour.�??�?  Xerox Corporation

1952 Transistor literature

March 1953 Fortune article on transistors

Theoretical understanding of semiconductors

Explained why metal-germanium contact gives effect of a PN junction in a emiconductor - in terms of surface energy states

1956 National Academy of Science member

1957 Theory of Superconductivity - vanishing of electrical resistance of some metals at low temperatures

1975 Professor Emeritus, University of Illinois

January 30, 1991 Died, Boston, Massachusetts

Research Areas:

Electrical conduction in semiconductors and metals; surface properties of semiconductors; theory of superconductivity; and diffusion of atoms in solids

Prizes and Honors:

1952 Ballantine Medal, Franklin Institute

1954 Buckley Prize (solid state)

1955 Scott Medal, D.Sc. Union

1956 Nobel Prize for Physics

1960 D.Sc. University of Wisconsin

1962 London Prize

1972 Nobel Prize for Physics

1974 D.Sc. University of Illinois

1977 Presidential Medal of Freedom

1987 Lomonosov Award, Soviet Academy of Sciences

1990 John Bardeen Chair in Physics and Electrical and Computer Engineering Established at University of Illinois

From the guide to the John Bardeen Papers, 1910-91, (University of Illinois Archives)

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Subjects:

  • Superconductivity
  • Mathematics--Study and teaching
  • Physics
  • Physicists--Interviews
  • Theoretical physics
  • Geophysics
  • Princeton University
  • Junction transistors
  • Electrical engineering--Study and teaching
  • Electrical engineering
  • Union of Soviet Socialist Republics--Science and Technology
  • Many Body Theory
  • University of Illinois Center for Advanced Study
  • Nobel prizes
  • Transistors
  • University of Wisconsin--Madison
  • Superfluidity--History
  • Bell Laboratories
  • Xerography
  • Transistors--History
  • Superconductivity--History
  • Solid state physics
  • Naval Ordnance Laboratory
  • Harvard University

Occupations:

  • Collector

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