Brant, Joseph, 1742-1807

Alternative names
Birth 1742
Death 1807-11-24

Biographical notes:

Mohawk Indian Chief.

From the description of Letter signed : Niagara, to James Wheelock, 1802 Dec. 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270134743

Indian chief and British Army officer.

From the description of Joseph Brant correspondence, 1796. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79451277

Mohawk Indian leader. Close friend of Sir John Johnson.

From the description of Letter, 1789 August 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122434125

Joseph Brant was a Mohawk Chief and an officer in the British military during the American Revolutionary War. He was born in Ohio and named Thayendanegea. He served in expeditions during the French and Indian War. As a Captain during the American Revolution, he led the four Iroquois Nations that \sided with the British as well as a group of loyalists. He married three times, lastly to Catharine Adonwentishon. Brant worked as a negotiator for the Six Nations in talks with the British to provide tracts of land for the Mohawk Reservation on the Grand River in Ontario. Brantford, Ontario; a city located on a portion of his land grant, is named for him.

Sir John Johnson, Bart. was born in the Mohawk Valley, but left for Canada because of his loyalist sympathies. He commanded two battalions of the King's Royal Regiment during the American Revolution. In 1783 he was appointed as the Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs in British North America.

From the description of Letter from Joseph Brant : to Sir John Johnson Bart., 1799 March 17. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 64060942

Mohawk chief also known as Thayendanegea.

Associated with the Johnson family of Indian superintendents, Joseph Brant supported the British during the American Revolution and led numerous raids against New York and Pennsylvania settlements. Following the war Brant failed in attempts to negotiate favorable treaties with the new U.S. government and obtained from the British for the Iroquois a large land grant on the Grand River in Ontario. Moving his people there, Brant lobbied for their rights and looked after their welfare.

From the description of Letter and memorandum, 1784-1797. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 36369311


Loading Relationships


Ark ID:


  • Seneca Indians--Treaties--Sources
  • Canadian invasion, 1775-1776
  • Mohawk Indians
  • Oriskany, Battle of, N.Y., 1777
  • Sullivan's indian campaign, 1779
  • Manuscripts, American
  • Indians of North America--Education
  • Indians of North America--History
  • Indians of North America
  • Indians of North America--Canada--Government relations
  • Indians of North America--Wars--1775-1783
  • Indians of North America--History--18th century--Sources
  • Minisink, Battle of, Minisink, N.Y., 1779
  • Indians of North America--Land tenure
  • Indians of North America--Wars--1750-1815
  • Stone Arabia, Battle of, Stone Arabia, N.Y., 1780
  • Iroquois Indians
  • Indian captivities
  • Indigenous peoples--Colonies--History--18th century--Sources
  • Indians of North America--Government relations
  • Mohawk Indians--Wars--1812-1815
  • Seneca Indians--Land tenure--History--18th century--Sources
  • Onondaga Indians
  • Cayuga Indians
  • Iroquois Indians--Government relations--Sources


  • Army officers, British
  • Indian chiefs


  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Canada (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--Old Fort Niagara (as recorded)
  • Ontario (as recorded)
  • Belleville (W. Va.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Vermont (as recorded)
  • Neversink River (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • Cattaraugus Indian Reservation (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • Fort Pitt (Pa.) (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • Niagara Falls (N.Y. and Ont.) (as recorded)
  • Québec--Québec (as recorded)
  • Mississauga (Ont.) (as recorded)
  • Old Fort Niagara (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • Fort Stanwix (Rome, N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Fort Bedford (Ont.) (as recorded)
  • Fort Detroit (Mich.) (as recorded)