Koller, Carl, 1857-1944

Alternative names
Birth 1857-12-03
Death 1944-03-21
German, French, English

Biographical notes:


From the description of Carl Koller correspondence, 1932. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70984603

Austrian-born ophthalmologist and friend of Sigmund Freud.

From the description of Carl Koller papers, 1866-1988 (bulk 1884-1934). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70983669

Biographical Note

  • 1857, Dec. 3: Born, Schüttenhofen, Bohemia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Susice, Czech Republic)
  • 1882: M.D., University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
  • 1882 - 1884 : Intern and house surgeon, Allgemeines Krankenhaus, Vienna, Austria, where he was a colleague of Sigmund Freud
  • 1884: Discovered use of cocaine as local anesthetic in eye surgery Presented paper, "Vorläufige Mittheilung über locale Anästhesirung am Auge," at meeting of German Ophthalmological Society, Heidelberg, Germany Presented paper, "Ueber die Verwendung des Cocaïn zur Anästhesirung am Auge," at meeting of Society of Physicians, Vienna, Austria
  • 1885 - 1887 : Assistant to Drs. Snellen and Donders, University of Utrecht, the Netherlands
  • 1888: Emigrated to United States
  • 1888 - 1930s : Private practice, ophthalmologist and ophthalmic surgeon, Mount Sinai and Montefiore hospitals, New York, N.Y. Authored many articles pertaining to biology and ophthalmology
  • 1893: Married Laura Blum
  • 1902: Became naturalized United States citizen
  • 1922: Awarded gold medal, American Ophthalmological Society
  • 1929: Awarded Kussmaul Medal for his services to science, Heidelberg University medical faculty, Heidelberg, Germany
  • 1930: Awarded medal of honor, New York Academy of Medicine
  • 1934: Awarded medal of honor, Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology
  • 1944, Mar. 21: Died, New York, N.Y.

From the guide to the Carl Koller Papers, 1866-1988, (bulk 1884-1934), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)


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Ark ID:


  • Chickens--Embryos
  • Anesthesia in ophthalmology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Cocaine
  • Eye--Surgery


  • Surgeons
  • Ophthalmologists


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