Harriman, W. Averell (William Averell), 1891-1986

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1891-11-15
Death 1986-07-26
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

Elie Abel (1920- ) was Dean of Journalism, Columbia University. (M.S., 1942).

From the description of William Averell Harriman papers on Special Envoy to Churchill and Stalin, 1941-1946, 1941-1974. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 460880054

Diplomat, entrepreneur, philanthropist, and politician.

From the description of Papers of W. Averell Harriman, 1869-1988 (bulk 1895-1986). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71071710

Governor of New York and diplomat.

From the description of W. Averell Harriman interview, 1981 Dec. 15. (Idaho State Historical Society Library & Archives). WorldCat record id: 70974894

Government official.

From the description of Reminiscences of William Averell Harriman : oral history, 1969. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122608755

From the description of Reminiscences of William Averell Harriman : oral history, 1979. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309736981

From the description of Reminiscences of William Averell Harriman : oral history, 1959. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122569737

Biographical Note

  • 1891, Nov. 15: Born, New York, N.Y.
  • 1913: B.A., Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
  • 1915: Married Kathleen Lanier Lawrence (divorced 1929)
  • 1915 - 1917 : Vice president, Union Pacific Railroad Co.
  • 1915 - 1946 : Director, Illinois Central Railroad Co.
  • 1915 - 1954 : Member, Palisades Interstate Park Commission
  • 1917 - 1925 : Chairman of the board, Merchant Shipbuilding Corp.
  • 1920 - 1931 : Chairman of the board, W. A. Harriman & Co.
  • 1925 - 1928 : Investment in Soviet Georgian manganese concessions
  • 1926: Trip to USSR to investigate concessions
  • 1930: Married Marie Norton Whitney (died 1970)
  • 1931 - 1942 : Chairman, executive committee, Illinois Central Railroad Co.
  • 1931 - 1946 : Partner, Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.
  • 1932 - 1946 : Chairman of the board, Union Pacific Railroad Co.
  • 1933: Cofounder with Vincent Astor of Today magazine ( Today merged with Newsweek in 1937)
  • 1934 - 1935 : Administrator and special assistant, National Recovery Administration
  • 1935 - 1936 : Founded ski resort, Sun Valley, Idaho
  • 1937 - 1939 : Chairman, Business Advisory Council
  • 1941: Chief, Materials Branch, Production Division, Office of Production Management
  • 1941 - 1943 : Special representative of the president to Great Britain, with rank of ambassador ("Lend-Lease" or "Harriman" mission) Chairman of President's Special Mission to USSR, with rank of ambassador
  • 1943 - 1946 : Ambassador to USSR
  • 1946: Ambassador to Great Britain
  • 1946 - 1948 : Secretary of commerce
  • 1948 - 1950 : United States coordinator, European Recovery Program (Marshall Plan)
  • 1950 - 1952 : Special assistant to the president
  • 1951 - 1952 : American representative and chairman, North Atlantic Commission on Defense Plans
  • 1951 - 1953 : Director, Mutual Security Agency
  • 1952: Candidate for the Democratic nomination for president
  • 1955 - 1959 : Governor of New York
  • 1956: Candidate for the Democratic nomination for president
  • 1959: Published Peace with Russia? (New York: Simon and Schuster. 174 pp.)
  • 1959 - 1960 : Trips to India, Pakistan, USSR, and Africa
  • 1961: Ambassador-at-large
  • 1961 - 1962 : United States deputy representative, International Conference on the Settlement of the Laotian Question (Geneva Accords)
  • 1961 - 1963 : Assistant secretary of state for Far Eastern affairs
  • 1963: Special representative of the president for the negotiation of the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
  • 1963 - 1965 : Under secretary of state for political affairs
  • 1965 - 1969 : Ambassador-at-large
  • 1968: Chairman, President's Commission for the Observance of Human Rights Year 1968
  • 1968 - 1969 : Personal representative of the president to peace talks with North Vietnam, Paris, France
  • 1971: Married Pamela Digby Churchill Hayward Trip to USSR Published America and Russia in a Changing World: A Half Century of Personal Observation (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co. 218 pp.)
  • 1974: Trip to USSR
  • 1975: Head, American delegation to thirtieth anniversary of end of World War II, Moscow Published with Elie Abel, Special Envoy to Churchill and Stalin, 1941-1946 (New York: Random House. 595 pp.)
  • 1976: Chairman, Foreign Policy Task Force, Democratic National Committee Trip to USSR
  • 1977: Member, Presidential Advisory Board on Ambassadorial Appointments
  • 1978: Senior member, United States delegation to the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on Disarmament Trip to USSR Member, United States delegation to the funeral of Sir Robert Gordon Menzies, Australia
  • 1979: Head, United States delegation to the funeral of Edvard Kardelj, Yugoslavia
  • 1980: Member, United States delegation to the funeral of Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslavia Member, United States delegation to Zimbabwe independence ceremonies
  • 1983: Trip to USSR
  • 1986, July 26: Died, Yorktown Heights, N.Y.

From the guide to the W. Averell Harriman Papers, 1869-1988, (bulk 1895-1986), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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Subjects:

  • Diplomats
  • Scientific expeditions
  • Shipbuilding industry--United States
  • Ranches
  • Anti-nuclear movement
  • Diplomats--Interviews
  • International finance
  • Vietnam War, 1961-1975
  • Ski resorts--Idaho--Sun Valley
  • Ski resorts
  • Presidents--Election--1956
  • Manganese industry
  • World War, 1939-1945--Soviet Union
  • Ski resorts--History--Sources
  • Government executives--Interviews
  • World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American
  • Railroad companies--United States
  • World politics
  • World War, 1939-1945--Diplomatic history
  • Presidents--Election
  • Shipbuilding industry
  • Treaties
  • Diplomacy
  • presidents
  • Finance
  • Presidents--Election--1952
  • Disarmament
  • Governor
  • Presidents--United States--Election
  • Arms control
  • Statesmen
  • Scientific expeditions--Alaska
  • World War, 1939-1945--Germany
  • Railroad companies
  • World War, 1939-1945
  • Diplomatic and consular service, American
  • Finance--United States
  • Korean War, 1950-1953
  • Manganese industry--Soviet Union
  • Diplomatic negotiations in international disputes
  • International relations
  • Governors--Interviews

Occupations:

  • Philanthropists
  • Diplomats
  • Politicians
  • Entrepreneurs

Places:

  • United States (as recorded)
  • Alaska (as recorded)
  • Africa (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Idaho--Sun Valley (as recorded)
  • Sun Valley (Idaho) (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • Sun Valley (Idaho) (as recorded)
  • Idaho--Fremont County (as recorded)
  • Soviet Union (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Germany (as recorded)
  • Moscow (Russia) (as recorded)
  • Idaho--Sun Valley (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Latin America (as recorded)
  • Soviet Union (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • Railroad Ranch (Fremont County, Idaho) (as recorded)
  • Africa (as recorded)
  • Moscow (Russia) (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Latin America (as recorded)
  • Soviet Union (as recorded)
  • Sun Valley (Idaho) (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Railroad Ranch (Idaho) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)