Bird, Robert Montgomery, 1806-1854

Alternative names
Birth 1806-02-05
Death 1854-01-23

Biographical notes:

Philadelphia editor and playwright.

From the description of ALS : to Richard Penn Smith, 1834 Nov. 5. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122525043

Robert Montgomery Bird was an American author and dramatist. Born in New Castle, Delaware, Bird experienced hardship as a child, but graduated from the University of Pennsylvania and became a physician. His literary aspirations led him to write poetry and drama, and he experienced early success as a playwright. Bird went on to write novels, specializing in frontier stories and, despite achieving both critical and popular success, struggled to earn a living as a writer. He taught briefly at the Pennsylvania Medical College, worked as an editor, and continued to write. He is perhaps best remembered for Nick of the Woods, a frontier adventure whose title character had a dual personality.

From the description of Robert Montgomery Bird letter and acting copy of adaptation of Nick of the woods, 1839-circa 1900. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 85869602

Robert Montgomery Bird was a Philadelphia author of the early nineteenth century; his works include The Gladiator and Nick of the Woods. He complemented his literary career with drawing, painting, photography, and musical composition; he was also a professor of medicine, an editor, a farmer, and a politician.

From the description of Robert Montgomery Bird papers, 1822-1946 (bulk 1822-1854). (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155905145


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Ark ID:


  • Theater 19th century
  • Male authors, American--19th century--Correspondence
  • Playwriting--19th century


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  • United States (as recorded)