Adams, John, 1735-1826

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1735-10-30
Death 1826-07-04
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

John Adams (1735-1826) was the second president of the United States, born in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts. He served as defense counsel for British soldiers accused of Boston Massacre in 1770; as delegate to Continental Congress from 1774 to 1778; as member of committee charged with drafting Declaration of Independence in 1776; as congressional commissioner to France from 1778 to 1779; as minister to United Provinces in 1780; and negotiated a loan from Dutch bankers in 1782. Adams joined John Jay and Benjamin Franklin in Paris in 1782 to negotiate treaty of peace with Great Britain (Treaty of Paris). He served as minister to Great Britain from 1785 to 1788.

Adams was elected vice-president in 1789 and in 1792, and then President of the United States in 1796. He was defeated by Thomas Jefferson for president in 1800 and retired to private life. He authored the Dissertation on the Canon and Feudal Law in 1768, Thoughts on Government in 1776, and A Defense of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America (1787-1788).

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Subjects:

  • Lawyers
  • Legislators--Correspondence
  • alliance
  • Courts-martial and courts of inquiry--United States
  • Boston Massacre, 1770--Early works to 1800
  • Chesapeake--Leopard Affair, 1807
  • Governor
  • Subject: Inventions--History--United States
  • Women historians
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  • Manuscripts, American
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  • United States--History--Tripolitan War, 1801-1805
  • Vice-presidents--Election
  • Bunker Hill, Battle of, Boston, Mass., 1775
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  • Pennsylvania History
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  • United States. Navy--History--Tripolitan War, 1801-1805
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  • Dueling--Virginia
  • Philadelphia History
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Occupations:

  • Presidents--United States
  • Politicians
  • Politicians--United States
  • Statesmen
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Places:

  • Delaware, DE, US
  • Republic of France, 00, FR
  • Boston, MA, US
  • New England, 08, AU
  • Quincy, MA, US
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 00, GB
  • Rhode Island, RI, US
  • Massachusetts, MA, US
  • Newport, RI, US
  • Quincy, MA, US
  • New York, NY, US