Creeley, Robert, 1926-2005

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1926-05-21
Death 2005-03-30
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

Sponsored by Stanford University, the English Department, the Creative Writing Program, the Stanford Humanities Center, the Stanford Library, and the Library Associates.

From the description of A symposium on his poetry and his place in American letters : recording, 2005 Nov. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754864090

David Shaff was at Yale at this time; he wrote and edited poetry.

From the description of Letters to David O. Schaff, 1962-1965. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 695294658

Robert Creeley (1926-2005) was an American poet from Massachusetts. Co-leader of the Black Mountain School of Poetry and editor of the Black Mountain Review. He wrote several books of poetry, short stories and essays. He collaborated with many artists in the 1960s.

From the guide to the Robert Creeley poems, undated, (Ohio University)

Poet, publisher of Divers Press (1953-1955), and editor of Black Mountain Review (1954-1957).

From the description of Robert Creeley papers, ca. 1940-1978. (University of Connecticut). WorldCat record id: 28417624

Robert Creeley was a renowned and influential American poet and educator. Born and raised in Massachusetts and educated at Harvard, his education was interrupted by service in World War II, and he later graduated from the Black Mountain College. He tried his hand at chicken farming, and lived in Mallorca for several years, before joining the English faculty at the University of Buffalo from 1967 to 2003. Creeley was most closely associated with the Black Mountain poets, and, with Charles Colson, developed the influential style known as Projective Verse. Other influences included jazz music and the Beat poets, and Creeley developed a distinctive voice that minimized traditional forms in favor of a condensed, more immediate style. He also wrote prose, an autobiography, a play, and much correspondence, and was greatly admired as a mentor for younger poets.

From the description of Robert Creeley letters to Mr. Berg, 1966-1967. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 310122980

Poet.

From the description of Papers 1949-1961. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 704549698

American author, poet, editor, and educator.

From the description of Papers, 1951-1990. (Washington University in St. Louis). WorldCat record id: 26089411

Recognized as a seminal figure of American letters in the second halfof the 20th century, Robert White Creeley was born in Arlington, Massachusetts, on May 21, 1926, attended the Holderness Schooland then Harvard College. He received degrees from The BlackMountain College (B.A., 1956) and the University of New Mexico (M.A., 1960).

After serving as an ambulance driver for the American Field Service in India and Burma, then living for a year outside Aix-en-Provence, France, Creeley moved in 1952 to Mallorca, where he founded and edited the Divers Press. Upon his return to the United States and at the invitation of Charles Olson, Creeley moved to North Carolina where he joined the faculty of the Black Mountain College and edited the short-lived but highly influential journal, The Black Mountain Review (1954 -1957).

Though he left the college in 1955, Creeley had already established himself as one of the leading figures of theliterary avant-garde of the 1950s, establishing with Charles Olson the "Black Mountain School, " the foundation of Projective Verse, a break from the New Criticism and its "insistence on form as extrensic to the poem. He is notable for having established a lasting association with his literary mentors-Pound, Williams, Zukofsky, Bunting, and Dahlberg, among others-as well as those poets, writers and visual artists associated with the experimental arts of Black Mountain and the 1950s avant-garde. Among these are Paul Blackburn, JohnChamberlain, Francisco Clemente, Cid Corman, Fielding Dawson, Jim Dine, Elsa Dorfman, Ed Dorn, Robert Duncan, Robert Indiana, R.B. Kitaj, Denise Levertov, Marisol, and especially Charles Olson, with whom Creeley corresponded extensively and collaborated on Mayan Letters (1953). Creeley was also a presence in the San Francisco poetry renaissance, where he formed a life-long associationwith Barth, Corso, Ginsberg, Kerouac, and McClure. Creeley iscurrently the SUNY Distinguished Professor of English and holds the Samuel P. Capen Chair of Poetry and Humanities at the StateUniversity of New York, Buffalo, a center of innovation and postmodern poetics, particularly that or those of the so-called"L-A-N-G-U-A-G-E" poets.

While his oeuvre includes short stories, essays, a novel, as well ascriticism, Creeley is known principally as a poet. His friend and fellowpoet John Ashbery has said of Creeley and his work, "He is the bestwe have." He has published over thirty volumes of verse since 1952, including: Words (1967); Pieces (1969); St. Martin's (1971); A DayBook (1972); Thirty Things (1974); Presences : A Text for Marisol(1976); Away (1976); Echoes (1982); Mirrors (1983); MemoryGardens (1986); and Windows (1990). His most recent collectionsof poems are Echoes (1994), published by New Directions, andLoops (1995), published by Nadja. Among his collections of poemsare: For Love : Poems, 1950-1960 (1962); Poems 1950-1965(1966); The Charm (1971); The Finger : Poems 1966-1969 (1970); The Door : Selected Poems (1975); Selected Poems (1976); The Collected Poems of Robert Creeley, 1945-1975 (1982); and Selected Poems 1945-1990 (1991).

From the description of Robert Creeley papers, 1950-2005. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 462019182

Biographical chronology

  • 1926: Robert White Creeley born in Arlington, Massachusetts, May 21 to Oscar Slate and Genevieve Jules Creeley
  • 1928: Left eye injured in accident
  • 1930: Father died. Family moves to West Acton
  • 1940: Entered Holderness School
  • 1943: Entered Harvard College
  • 1944 - 1945 : Served in the American Field Service in India and Burma
  • 1945: Returned to Harvard
  • 1946: First published poem. Married Ann MacKinnon.
  • 1947: Left Harvard without a degree
  • 1948: Son David born
  • 1948 - 1951 : Lived in Littleton, NH where he bred pigeons
  • 1950: Son Thomas born. Began correspondence with Charles Olson. Became American editor for Ranier Gerhardt's Fragmente
  • 1951: Lived outside Aix-en-Province, France
  • 1952: Daughter Charlotte born. Published Le Fou, his first book of poems. Moved to Majorca to establish Divers Press
  • 1953: The Kind of Act of [poems] The Immoral Proposition [poems]
  • 1954: The Gold Diggers [short stories] Taught at Black Mountain College First issue of Black Mountain Review, edited by Creeley, published in March
  • 1955: Divorced from Ann MacKinnon All that is lovely in men [poems]
  • 1956: Left Black Mountain College. If you [poems] Visited San Francisco Moves to Albuquerque Receives B.A. from Black Mountain College
  • 1957: Married Bobbie Hall The Whip [collection of poems] Daughter Sarah born
  • 1959: Daughter Katherine Williams born Moved to Guatemala A Form of Women [poems]
  • 1960: Received M.A. from University of New Mexico Received Levinson Prize Included in The New American Peotry : 1945-1960
  • 1961: Instructor at University of New Mexico
  • 1962: For Love : Poems 1950-1960 Instructor at University of British Columbia
  • 1963: Moved to Placitas, NM Vancouver Poetry Festival The Island [novel]
  • 1964: Received Guggenheim Fellowship Received Oscar Blumenthal Prize
  • 1965: Berkeley Poetry Conference The Gold Diggers and other stories [short stories] Edited with Donald Allen New American Story Words [poems] Received Rockefeller Grant
  • 1966: National Educational Television Film, "Poetry : Robert Creeley"
  • 1966 - 1970 : Visiting Professor at State University of New York, Buffalo
  • 1967: Words [poems] Edited with Donald Allen The New Writing in the USA Colloborated with R.B. Kitaj on A Sight Robert Creeley Reads [recorded reading]
  • 1967 - 1967 present : Named Professor of English at SUNY, Buffalo
  • 1968: Taught at University of New Mexico The Finger [poems] Numbers [poems]
  • 1969: Pieces [poems] The Charm [poems]
  • 1970: Moved to Bolinas, CA Taught at San Francisco State University A Quick Graph : Collected Notes & Essays [criticism]
  • 1972: A Day Book [journal and poems] Listen [a radio play]
  • 1973: Edited Whitman: Selected Poems Moved to Buffalo His Idea [poems]
  • 1974: Thirty Things [poems]
  • 1976: Presences : a text for Marisol [prose] Away [poems] Selected Poems Divorced Bobbie Hall Creeley
  • 1977: Married Penelope Highton
  • 1978: Boundary 2 published a double issue called Robert Creeley : A Gathering
  • 1979: Later [poems]
  • 1980: First volume of Charles Olson and Robert Creeley : The Complete Correspondence published by Black Sparrow Press
  • 1981: Son William born Awarded Shelley Memorial Award from the Poetry Society of America
  • 1982: NEA Grant
  • 1983: Daughter Hannah born Hello : a journal [poems] DAAD Fellowship in Berlin
  • 1984: Appointed David Gray Professor of Poetry and Letters, SUNY Buffalo
  • 1985: Awarded Leone d'Oro Premio Speziale, Venice
  • 1987: 2nd DAAD Fellowship in Berlin Awarded Frost Medal by Poetry Society of America
  • 1988: Robert Creeley's Life and Work published Received Distinguished Fulbright Award as Bicentennial Chair in American Studies, Helsinki University
  • 1989 - 1991 : New York State Poet
  • 1990: Named Capen Professor of Poetry and Humanities, SUNY Buffalo
  • 1991: Autobiography [essay]
  • 1993: Tom Clark's Robert Creeley and the Genius of the American Common Place published Received Horst Bienek Lyrikpreis from Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts Tales out of School : Selected Interviews
  • 1994: Echoes [poems]
  • 1995: Loops : Ten Poems

Biographical note

Recognized as a seminal figure of American letters in the second half of the 20th century, Robert White Creeley was born in Arlington, Massachusetts, on May 21, 1926, attended the Holderness School and then Harvard College. He received degrees from The Black Mountain College (B.A., 1956) and the University of New Mexico (M.A., 1960).

After serving as an ambulance driver for the American Field Service in India and Burma, then living for a year outside Aix-en-Provence, France, Creeley moved in 1952 to Mallorca, where he founded and edited the Divers Press. Upon his return to the United States and at the invitation of Charles Olson, Creeley moved to North Carolina where he joined the faculty of the Black Mountain College and edited the short-lived but highly influential journal, The Black Mountain Review (1954 -1957). Though he left the college in 1955, Creeley had already established himself as one of the leading figures of the literary avant-garde of the 1950s, establishing with Charles Olson the "Black Mountain School,"one of the most important movements in American letters, the foundation of Projective Verse, a break from the New Criticism and its "insistence on form as extrensic to the poem. He is notable for having established a lasting association with his literary mentors-Pound, Williams, Zukofsky, Bunting, and Dahlberg, among others-as well as those poets, writers and visual artists associated with the experimental arts of Black Mountain and the 1950s avant-garde. Among these are Paul Blackburn, John Chamberlain, Francisco Clemente, Cid Corman, Fielding Dawson, Jim Dine, Elsa Dorfman, Ed Dorn, Robert Duncan, Robert Indiana, R.B. Kitaj, Denise Levertov, Marisol, and especially Charles Olson, with whom Creeley corresponded extensively and collaborated on Mayan Letters (1953). Creeley was also a presence in the San Francisco poetry renaissance, where he formed a life-long association with Barth, Corso, Ginsberg, Kerouac, and McClure. Creeley is currently the SUNY Distinguished Professor of English and holds the Samuel P. Capen Chair of Poetry and Humanities at the State University of New York, Buffalo, a center of innovation and postmodern poetics, particularly that or those of the so-called "L-A-N-G-U-A-G-E" poets.

While his oeuvre includes short stories, essays, a novel, as well as criticism, Creeley is known principally as a poet. His friend and fellow poet John Ashbery has said of Creeley and his work, "He is the best we have." He has published over thirty volumes of verse since 1952, including: Words (1967); Pieces (1969); St. Martin's (1971); A Day Book (1972); Thirty Things (1974); Presences : A Text for Marisol (1976); Away (1976); Echoes (1982); Mirrors (1983); Memory Gardens (1986); and Windows (1990). His most recent collections of poems are Echoes (1994), published by New Directions, and Loops (1995), published by Nadja. Among his collections of poems are: For Love : Poems, 1950-1960 (1962); Poems 1950-1965 (1966); The Charm (1971); The Finger : Poems 1966-1969 (1970); The Door : Selected Poems (1975); Selected Poems (1976); The Collected Poems of Robert Creeley, 1945-1975 (1982); and Selected Poems 1945-1990 (1991).

Creeley has been awarded numerous literary prizes, including the Horst Bienek Lyrikpreis from the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts, two Guggenheim Fellowships, a Fulbright Award, and a Rockefeller Grant. He was named New York State Poet Laureate in 1992. Creeley is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

He lives with his wife, Penelope Highton Creeley, and two of his six children in Buffalo, New York.

From the guide to the Robert Creeley papers, 1950-1997, (Dept. of Special Collections & University Archives)

Robert Creeley was born 21 May 1926, in Arlington, Massachusetts, the son of Oscar Slade (a physician) and Genevieve (Jules) Creeley . He attended Holderness School in Plymouth, New Hampshire, before entering Harvard University (1943-1944 and 1945-1946), Black Mountain College (B.A., ca. 1955) and the University of New Mexico (M.A., 1960). From 1945-1946, he served with the American Field Service in India and Burma as an ambulance driver. A member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, Creeley has written novels, short stories, plays, screenplays, poetry, literary criticism and history. Creeley has been awarded the Levinson Prize (1960), D. H. Lawrence fellowship (for summer writing, University of New Mexico, 1960), National Book Award nomination (1962, for For Love ), Leviton-Blumenthal Prize (1964) Guggenheim fellowship in poetry (1964-1965, 1971), Rockefeller Foundation grant (1966), Union League Civic and Arts Foundation Prize (1967), Shelley Award (1981), Frost Medal (1987), National Endowment for the Arts grant (1982), Deutsche Auftauschdienst Programme (DADD, providing residency in Berlin, 1983 and 1987), Leone d'Oro Premio Speziale (Venice, 1985), Fulbright Award (1988, 1995), Walt Whitman citation of merit (1989), named New York State Poet (1989-91), distinguished award from State University of New York at Buffalo (1989), D.Litt, University of New Mexico (1993), Horst Bienek Preis fur Lyrick (Munich, 1993) and The America Award for Poetry (Washington, 1995).

Poet, novelist, short story writer, essayist, and editor, Creeley has had a varied career.

1950-1954 Founder and publisher, Divers Press, Palma, Mallorca, Spain

1954-1955 Instructor in English, Black Mountain College, Black Mountain, NC

1954-1957 Founder and editor, Black Mountain Review

1956-? Instructor at school for young boys, Albuquerque, NM

1961-1962 Instructor in English, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque

1963-1966 Lecturer, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque

1968-1969 and 1970-1971 Lecturer in Creative writing, San Francisco State College

1962-1963 Instructor in English, University of British Columbia, Vancouver

1963-1965 Lecturer in English, University of New Mexico

1965-1966 Visiting professor, State University of New York at Buffalo

1967-- Professor of English, State University of New York at Buffalo

1978-1980 Visiting professor, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque

1978-1989 David Gray Professor of Poetry and Letters, State University of New York at Buffalo

1985, 1986 Visiting professor, State University of New York at Binghamton

1988 Bicentennial chair of American studies, University of Helsinki, Finland

1990-- Capen Professor of Poetry and Humanities, State University of New York at Buffalo

1991-1992 Director of poetics program, State University of New York at Buffalo

Participated in numerous poetry readings and writers' conferences

Robert Creeley died 30 March 2005.

From the guide to the Robert Creeley Papers., undated, ca. 1940-1978., (Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center .)

Biographical note

Recognized as a seminal figure of American letters in the second half of the 20th century, Robert White Creeley was born in Arlington, Massachusetts, on May 21, 1926, attended the Holderness School and then Harvard College. He received degrees from The Black Mountain College (B.A., 1956) and the University of New Mexico (M.A., 1960).

After serving as an ambulance driver for the American Field Service in India and Burma, then living for a year outside Aix-en-Provence, France, Creeley moved in 1952 to Mallorca, where he founded and edited the Divers Press. Upon his return to the United States and at the invitation of Charles Olson, Creeley moved to North Carolina where he joined the faculty of the Black Mountain College and edited the short-lived but highly influential journal, The Black Mountain Review (1954 -1957). Though he left the college in 1955, Creeley had already established himself as one of the leading figures of the literary avant-garde of the 1950s, establishing with Charles Olson the "Black Mountain School,"one of the most important movements in American letters, the foundation of Projective Verse, a break from the New Criticism and its "insistence on form as extrensic to the poem. He is notable for having established a lasting association with his literary mentors-Pound, Williams, Zukofsky, Bunting, and Dahlberg, among others-as well as those poets, writers and visual artists associated with the experimental arts of Black Mountain and the 1950s avant-garde. Among these are Paul Blackburn, John Chamberlain, Francisco Clemente, Cid Corman, Fielding Dawson, Jim Dine, Elsa Dorfman, Ed Dorn, Robert Duncan, Robert Indiana, R.B. Kitaj, Denise Levertov, Marisol, and especially Charles Olson, with whom Creeley corresponded extensively and collaborated on Mayan Letters (1953). Creeley was also a presence in the San Francisco poetry renaissance, where he formed a life-long association with Barth, Corso, Ginsberg, Kerouac, and McClure. Creeley is currently the SUNY Distinguished Professor of English and holds the Samuel P. Capen Chair of Poetry and Humanities at the State University of New York, Buffalo, a center of innovation and postmodern poetics, particularly that or those of the so-called "L-A-N-G-U-A-G-E" poets.

While his oeuvre includes short stories, essays, a novel, as well as criticism, Creeley is known principally as a poet. His friend and fellow poet John Ashbery has said of Creeley and his work, "He is the best we have." He has published over thirty volumes of verse since 1952, including: Words (1967); Pieces (1969); St. Martin's (1971); A Day Book (1972); Thirty Things (1974); Presences : A Text for Marisol (1976); Away (1976); Echoes (1982); Mirrors (1983); Memory Gardens (1986); and Windows (1990). His most recent collections of poems are Echoes (1994), published by New Directions, and Loops (1995), published by Nadja. Among his collections of poems are: For Love : Poems, 1950-1960 (1962); Poems 1950-1965 (1966); The Charm (1971); The Finger : Poems 1966-1969 (1970); The Door : Selected Poems (1975); Selected Poems (1976); The Collected Poems of Robert Creeley, 1945-1975 (1982); and Selected Poems 1945-1990 (1991).

Creeley has been awarded numerous literary prizes, including the Horst Bienek Lyrikpreis from the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts, two Guggenheim Fellowships, a Fulbright Award, and a Rockefeller Grant. He was named New York State Poet Laureate in 1992. Creeley is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

He lives with his wife, Penelope Highton Creeley, and two of his six children in Buffalo, New York.

Biographical chronology

  • 1926: Robert White Creeley born in Arlington, Massachusetts, May 21 to Oscar Slate and Genevieve Jules Creeley
  • 1928: Left eye injured in accident
  • 1930: Father died. Family moves to West Acton
  • 1940: Entered Holderness School
  • 1943: Entered Harvard College
  • 1944 - 1945 : Served in the American Field Service in India and Burma
  • 1945: Returned to Harvard
  • 1946: First published poem. Married Ann MacKinnon.
  • 1947: Left Harvard without a degree
  • 1948: Son David born
  • 1948 - 1951 : Lived in Littleton, NH where he bred pigeons
  • 1950: Son Thomas born. Began correspondence with Charles Olson. Became American editor for Ranier Gerhardt's Fragmente
  • 1951: Lived outside Aix-en-Province, France
  • 1952: Daughter Charlotte born. Published Le Fou, his first book of poems. Moved to Majorca to establish Divers Press
  • 1953: The Kind of Act of [poems] The Immoral Proposition [poems]
  • 1954: The Gold Diggers [short stories] Taught at Black Mountain College First issue of Black Mountain Review, edited by Creeley, published in March
  • 1955: Divorced from Ann MacKinnon All that is lovely in men [poems]
  • 1956: Left Black Mountain College. If you [poems] Visited San Francisco Moves to Albuquerque Receives B.A. from Black Mountain College
  • 1957: Married Bobbie Hall The Whip [collection of poems] Daughter Sarah born
  • 1959: Daughter Katherine Williams born Moved to Guatemala A Form of Women [poems]
  • 1960: Received M.A. from University of New Mexico Received Levinson Prize Included in The New American Peotry : 1945-1960
  • 1961: Instructor at University of New Mexico
  • 1962: For Love : Poems 1950-1960 Instructor at University of British Columbia
  • 1963: Moved to Placitas, NM Vancouver Poetry Festival The Island [novel]
  • 1964: Received Guggenheim Fellowship Received Oscar Blumenthal Prize
  • 1965: Berkeley Poetry Conference The Gold Diggers and other stories [short stories] Edited with Donald Allen New American Story Words [poems] Received Rockefeller Grant
  • 1966: National Educational Television Film, "Poetry : Robert Creeley"
  • 1966 - 1970 : Visiting Professor at State University of New York, Buffalo
  • 1967: Words [poems] Edited with Donald Allen The New Writing in the USA Colloborated with R.B. Kitaj on A Sight Robert Creeley Reads [recorded reading]
  • 1967 - 1967 present : Named Professor of English at SUNY, Buffalo
  • 1968: Taught at University of New Mexico The Finger [poems] Numbers [poems]
  • 1969: Pieces [poems] The Charm [poems]
  • 1970: Moved to Bolinas, CA Taught at San Francisco State University A Quick Graph : Collected Notes & Essays [criticism]
  • 1972: A Day Book [journal and poems] Listen [a radio play]
  • 1973: Edited Whitman: Selected Poems Moved to Buffalo His Idea [poems]
  • 1974: Thirty Things [poems]
  • 1976: Presences : a text for Marisol [prose] Away [poems] Selected Poems Divorced Bobbie Hall Creeley
  • 1977: Married Penelope Highton
  • 1978: Boundary 2 published a double issue called Robert Creeley : A Gathering
  • 1979: Later [poems]
  • 1980: First volume of Charles Olson and Robert Creeley : The Complete Correspondence published by Black Sparrow Press
  • 1981: Son William born Awarded Shelley Memorial Award from the Poetry Society of America
  • 1982: NEA Grant
  • 1983: Daughter Hannah born Hello : a journal [poems] DAAD Fellowship in Berlin
  • 1984: Appointed David Gray Professor of Poetry and Letters, SUNY Buffalo
  • 1985: Awarded Leone d'Oro Premio Speziale, Venice
  • 1987: 2nd DAAD Fellowship in Berlin Awarded Frost Medal by Poetry Society of America
  • 1988: Robert Creeley's Life and Work published Received Distinguished Fulbright Award as Bicentennial Chair in American Studies, Helsinki University
  • 1989 - 1991 : New York State Poet
  • 1990: Named Capen Professor of Poetry and Humanities, SUNY Buffalo
  • 1991: Autobiography [essay]
  • 1993: Tom Clark's Robert Creeley and the Genius of the American Common Place published Received Horst Bienek Lyrikpreis from Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts Tales out of School : Selected Interviews
  • 1994: Echoes [poems]
  • 1995: Loops : Ten Poems

From the guide to the Creeley, Robert, Computer Files, 1988-2002, (Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.)

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Subjects:

  • Authors and publishers--United States
  • Universities and colleges
  • Universities and colleges--North Carolina
  • Publishers and Publishing
  • Poetry--Editing
  • Poetry
  • American poetry--Periodicals
  • North Carolina--Cultural affairs--Literature
  • Black Mountain (N.C.)--Education--Universities and colleges
  • American literature--20th century
  • American poetry--20th century
  • Authors and publishers
  • North Carolina--Newspapers, periodicals and journalism
  • Black Mountain review (Black Mountain, N.C.: Periodical)
  • Poets, American--20th century
  • Little magazines
  • Poets, American
  • Fiction
  • Beat generation
  • Poets, American--20th century--Correspondence
  • Small presses
  • Black Mountain Collection (Black Mountain, N.C.)--Faculty--Personal and professional papers
  • North Carolina--Education--Universities and colleges
  • Poems

Occupations:

  • Poets
  • Poets, American
  • Authors, American
  • Periodical editors--United States

Places:

  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • North Carolina (as recorded)
  • Black Mountain (N.C.) (as recorded)