Scammell, Alexander, 1747-1781

Alternative names
Birth 1747
Death 1781-10-01

Biographical notes:

Revolutionary soldier, adjutant general of the Continental Army 1778-1781. Captured by the British at Yorktown and died sixteen days later.

From the description of ALS : Northern Camp, to Dr. Samuel Scammell, Mendon, Mass., 1777 Sept. 21. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122617088

Alexander Scammell (1747-1781), son of a prominent doctor, grew up in Mendon, Massachusetts, and graduated from Harvard in 1769. He studied law in the office of John Sullivan in Durham, New Hampshire, and as the Revolutionary War began he became a major in Sullivan's Brigade of the New Hampshire Militia. In October 1776, Scammell became Brigadier Major in Charles Lee's Division, and in November of that year he was promoted to Colonel of the 3rd New Hampshire Regiment. He was present at the evacuation of Ticonderoga, and led his regiment in the two battles of Saratoga. He became Washington's Aide de Camp and served as adjutant general from January 5, 1778, to January 1, 1781, and then resigned that post to take command of the 1st New Hampshire Regiment. In the Yorktown Campaign, he led 400 light infantry but was badly wounded, possibly after having been taken prisoner, and he died from his injuries in October 1881 after being released and brought behind the American lines.

From the description of Alexander Scammell orderly book, 1780. (New Jersey Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 53073064

Army officer, 1774-1781.

From the description of Letter to Major Israel Keith, 1778 March 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122487039

Teacher, surveyor, and Continental Army officer.

From the description of Correspondence and engrave portrait of Alexander Scammell, 1781-1824. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980408

Continental army officer.

Born in Massachusetts and educated at Harvard, Scammell moved to New Hampshire in 1772, where he studied law with John Sullivan and participated in the patriot movement. A major of the N.H. Brigade, Scammell in 1776 accepted command of the 3rd N.H. Continentals, serving until 1778 when Washington appointed him army adjutant general. In 1780 Scammell resigned to head the 1st N.H. Regiment. He was mortally wounded at Yorktown.

From the description of Letter : Ti[conderoga, N.Y.], to Ebenezer Thompson, Exeter or Durham, [N.H.], 1777 June 27. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 40442932


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  • Manuscripts, American
  • Physicians
  • Apprentices
  • Military offenses
  • Military history
  • Saratoga Campaign, N.Y., 1777
  • Indians of North America--Wars--History--18th century--Sources
  • Teachers--Attitudes
  • Military courts
  • Military supplies


  • Educators
  • Soldiers--New Jersey
  • Surveyors
  • Army officers
  • Soldiers


  • United States (as recorded)
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  • Ticonderoga (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • New Jersey (as recorded)
  • Fort Ticonderoga (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
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  • New York (State)--Fort Ticonderoga (as recorded)
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  • United States (as recorded)
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  • Preakness (N.J.) (as recorded)