Hart, John, 1711?-1779

Alternative names
Birth 1711
Death 1779-05-11

Biographical notes:

John Hart lived for most of his life in Hopewell Township, New Jersey where he worked as a farmer. The exact date of his birth is unknown, although most sources cite the year as 1711. It is believed that he was born in Stonington, Connecticut and moved to Hopewell with his parents at an early age. His father, Edward Hart, worked as a Justice of the Peace, public assessor, and farmer; he was also a commander of the New Jersey Blues, a corps of volunteers that served in the French-Canadian wars. Father and son worked together to build a successful farm, which John later inherited after his father's death in 1752. In 1739, John Hart married Deborah Scudder, daughter of Lt. Richard Scudder of Scudder's Falls; together the couple had thirteen children. By 1750, he was elected Freeholder for Hunterdon County, the highest elected office in the county. John Hart was becoming a leading member of his community. In 1775, he was appointed to the local Committee of Safety, the Committee of Correspondence, and a judge to the Court of Common Pleas. The following year Hart was elected to the newly formed Provincial Congress of New Jersey, and was sent as one of five delegates to represent the state at the 2nd Continental Congress. On July 4th, he and the other four delegates from New Jersey signed the Declaration of Independence.

From the description of John Hart papers, 1761-1778 1777-1778. (New Jersey Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 53055459

At this time, brothers John and Daniel Hart were New Jersey farmers and owned a mill called Daniel Hart's mill. Benjamin Temple was John Hart's brother-in-law.

From the description of Legal document and bill, 1752 August 15-1776 February 20. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155866248

New Jersey delegate to U.S. Continental Congress, public official of New Jersey, and jurist.

From the description of Papers of John Hart, 1767-1776. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450790


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  • Bonds


  • Delegates, U.S. Continental Congress--New Jersey
  • Public officials--New Jersey
  • Jurists
  • Legislators--New Jersey
  • Politicians--New Jersey


  • New Jersey (as recorded)
  • New Jersey (as recorded)