Lamar, L. Q. C. (Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus), 1825-1893

Alternative names
Birth 1825-09-17
Death 1893-01-23

Biographical notes:

Lawyer of Georgia and later Mississippi, U.S. congressman from Mississippi, member of President Cleveland's cabinet, and associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

From the description of L. Q. C. Lamar papers, 1864-1874 [manuscript]. (Oceanside Free Library). WorldCat record id: 24095749

Resident of Oxford (Lafayette County), Miss.

From the description of Letter and Clipping, 1875-1887. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 32452483

Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar (1825-1893) was a lawyer of Georgia and later Mississippi; United States congressman from Mississippi, 1873-1885; member of President Grover Cleveland's cabinet; and associate justice of the United States Supreme Court, 1888-1893.

From the guide to the L. Q. C. Lamar Papers, ., 1864-1874, (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.)

Congressman and senator from Mississippi, U.S. secretary of the Interior, associate justice of the Supreme Court.

From the description of ALS : Oxford, Miss., to Charles Jones Jenkins, 1874 Oct. 23. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122586096

L.Q.C. Lamar was a member of the U.S. Congress for Mississippi from (1857-1860, 1872-1876) and was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1876. In 1885 President Cleveland appointed him Secretary of the Interior, and in 1887 he was nominated to the U.S. Supreme Court, where he served until his death.

From the description of Letters to L.Q.C. Lamar, 1877-1884. (Harvard Law School Library). WorldCat record id: 236236670

American lawyer, politician, and Supreme Court justice.

From the description of Papers, 1854-1918. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122367860

Jurist, educator, U.S. senator and representative from Mississippi, U.S. secretary of the interior, and U.S. and Confederate army officer.

From the description of Letter of L. Q. C. Lamar, 1888. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71014867

Born near Eatonton, Georgia in 1825, Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar graduated from Emory College in Georgia in 1845. Admitted to the bar in 1847, he moved to Oxford, Mississippi two years later to practice law and served one year as the professor of mathematics at the University of Mississippi. Lamar returned to Georgia in 1852 and became a member of the Georgia State House of Representatives a year later. In 1855, he returned to Mississippi where he served as a U.S. Representative from that state from 1857 to 1860. Lamar retired from Congress to become a member of the Mississippi Secession Convention, and he drafted the state's Ordinance of Secession. During the Civil War, he served as a lieutenant colonel in the Confederate Army until 1862 when Jefferson Davis appointed him as Confederate minister to Russia and special envoy to England and France. After the war, Lamar returned to Mississippi to practice law and served as the professor of metaphysics, social science, and law at the University of Mississippi. He also served as a member of Mississippi constitutional conventions in 1865, 1868, 1875, 1877, and 1881. In 1873, Lamar became the first Democrat from Mississippi to sit in the U.S. House of Representatives since the Civil War. In 1877, he became the first former high-ranking Confederate to sit in the U.S. Senate. Lamar possessed a talent for reconciliation and compromise. In 1874, he delivered a memorable eulogy for Radical Republican Charles Sumner in which he urged an end to sectional bitterness. Lamar also proved significant in brokering the Compromise of 1877 in which Republican Rutherford B. Hayes became president despite Democrat Samuel Tilden receiving the majority of popular votes and a seeming majority of the Electoral College. In 1885, President Grover Cleveland appointed Lamar as Secretary of the Interior, and two years later nominated the sixty-three year old to the U.S. Supreme Court. Lamar died of a heart attack in January 1893. His body rests in St. Peter's Cemetery in Oxford, Mississippi.

From the description of L.Q.C. Lamar Collection, circa 1865-1887. (University of Mississippi). WorldCat record id: 370456523


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  • Cattle--Breeding
  • Autographs
  • Cotton--Prices
  • Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
  • Families--Social life and customs
  • Polticians--History--Sources


  • Army officers
  • Representatives, U.S. Congress--Mississippi
  • Educators
  • Jurists
  • Senators, U.S. Congress--Mississippi
  • Cabinet officers
  • Army officers, Confederate


  • Confederate States of America (as recorded)
  • Vicksburg (Miss.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Mississippi (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Oxford (Miss.) (as recorded)
  • Mississippi (as recorded)
  • Mississippi (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Mississippi (as recorded)