Root, Elihu, 1845-1937

Alternative names
Birth 1845-02-15
Death 1937-02-07

Biographical notes:

Elihu Root, born in Clinton, NY, attended Hamilton College (A.B., 1864, A.M. in course, 1867) and University Law School of New York. He served as member Alaskan Boundary Tribunal; United States District Attorney, Southern New York, 1883 - 85; Secretary of War, 1899 - 1904; Secretary of State, 1905 - 09; U.S. Senator from New York, 1909 - 15; Senior Counsel for the U.S., North Atlantic Fisheries Arbitration, The Hague, 1910; Ambassador at Head of Special Diplomatic Mission to Russia, 1917. Root was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, 1912; Roosevelt Memorial Medal for Administration of Public Office, 1924; Woodrow Wilson Foundation Medal and Prize for Services to Peace, 1926. He was a member of the British Academy; Istitut de droit International; American Academy of Arts and Letters; Commission of International Justice appointed by Council of League of Nations to prepare plans for a permanent Court of International Justice; Commissioner Plenipotentiary for the U.S. in International Conference on the Limitation of Armaments; Committee of Experts convened at Geneva 1929 to revise Statute of Permanent Court.

From the description of Papers 1904-1937. (Hamilton College). WorldCat record id: 57205697


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  • Russo--Japanese War, 1904-1905--Equipment and supplies
  • Endowments--Washington (D.C.)
  • Political parties--New York (State)--History--Sources
  • Loans, American--China
  • Loans, American--Turkey
  • Universities and colleges
  • Merchant marine--United States
  • Legislators--United States
  • United States--Politics and government--1897-1901
  • Sea-power
  • Nobel prizes
  • Constitutional conventions--New York (State)
  • Church property
  • Submarines (ships)
  • Fisheries
  • American newspapers--New York (State)--New York--Ownership
  • Fisheries--North Atlantic Ocean
  • New York State
  • Arbitration (International law)
  • Universities and colleges--New York (State)--Clinton
  • International courts
  • Politics, government and public administration
  • Railroads--Alaska
  • Rubber industry and trade--United States
  • Endowments
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  • Constitutional convention
  • Consolidation and merger of corporations--United States
  • Streets--Brazil--Manaus
  • International trade
  • Loans, American--Russia
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  • Fishery law and legislation
  • Law
  • Political conventions
  • World War, 1914-1918--Awards
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  • Railroads--Russia
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  • Railroads--Ecuador
  • Peace--Awards
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  • Cabinet officers
  • Capitalists and financiers
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  • Clinton, NY, US
  • New York (State), NY, US
  • New York City, NY, US
  • United States, 00, US
  • Washington, D. C., DC, US