Root, Elihu, 1845-1937

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1845-02-15
Death 1937-02-07
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

Charles Ranlett Flint (1850-1934) was a financial capitalist, merchant and industrial consolidator. He entered the shipping business and worked for commission merchants in New York City. Popularly known as the "Father of Trusts", he was responsible for many industrial consolidations and mergers.

From the guide to the Charles R. Flint papers, 1872-1930, 1885-1915, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

American lawyer and statesman.

From the description of Typewritten letter signed : New York, to Miss Greene, 1932 Feb. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270657459

Elihu Root (1845-1937) was United States Secretary of War from 1899 to 1904.

From the description of Elihu Root papers, 1899. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122580532

From the guide to the Elihu Root papers, 1899, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Elihu Root was an American lawyer and politician; he served as a U.S. senator from New York, secretary of state under Theodore Roosevelt, and secretary of war under William McKinley, as well as working in private legal practice in New York City.

From the description of Elihu Root letter to Hermann Hagedorn, 1925. (New-York Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 727025810

U.S. secretary of state, U.S. secretary of war, U.S. senator from New York, and statesman.

From the description of Papers of Elihu Root, 1863-1937 (bulk 1899-1937). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71131670

Elihu Root, born in Clinton, NY, attended Hamilton College (A.B., 1864, A.M. in course, 1867) and University Law School of New York. He served as member Alaskan Boundary Tribunal; United States District Attorney, Southern New York, 1883 - 85; Secretary of War, 1899 - 1904; Secretary of State, 1905 - 09; U.S. Senator from New York, 1909 - 15; Senior Counsel for the U.S., North Atlantic Fisheries Arbitration, The Hague, 1910; Ambassador at Head of Special Diplomatic Mission to Russia, 1917. Root was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, 1912; Roosevelt Memorial Medal for Administration of Public Office, 1924; Woodrow Wilson Foundation Medal and Prize for Services to Peace, 1926. He was a member of the British Academy; Istitut de droit International; American Academy of Arts and Letters; Commission of International Justice appointed by Council of League of Nations to prepare plans for a permanent Court of International Justice; Commissioner Plenipotentiary for the U.S. in International Conference on the Limitation of Armaments; Committee of Experts convened at Geneva 1929 to revise Statute of Permanent Court.

From the description of Papers 1904-1937. (Hamilton College). WorldCat record id: 57205697

Elihu Root (1845-1937) was an American lawyer and politician who served as Secretary of War under President William McKinley and Secretary of State under President Theodore Roosevelt, and was elected to the United States Senate in 1909.

  • 1845: Born in Clinton, New York on February 15th
  • 1864: Graduated from Hamilton College
  • 1867: Graduated from the Law School of New York University
  • 1883 - 1885 : United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York
  • 1894: Delegate to the State Constitutional Convention
  • 1899 - 1904 : U.S. Secretary of War
  • 1905 - 1909 : U.S. Secretary of State
  • 1909 - 1915 : United States Senator
  • 1912: Winner of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1917: Ambassador Extraordinary to Russia
  • 1937: Died in New York City on February 7th

From the guide to the Elihu Root Correspondence, 1874-1935, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

Biographical Note

  • 1845, Feb. 15: Born, Clinton, N.Y.
  • 1864: A.B., Hamilton College, Hamilton, N.Y.
  • 1867: LL.B., New York University, New York, N.Y.
  • 1867: A.M., Hamilton College, Hamilton, N.Y.
  • 1867 - 1937 : Practiced law, New York, N.Y.
  • 1878: Married Clara Wales
  • 1883 - 1885 : United States district attorney, Southern District of New York
  • 1886 - 1887 : Chairman, Republican County Committee, New York, N.Y.
  • 1894: Delegate-at-large, New York Constitutional Convention (chairman, Judiciary Committee)
  • 1899 - 1904 : Secretary of war
  • 1903: Member, Alaskan Boundary Commission
  • 1904: Temporary chairman, Republican National Convention
  • 1905 - 1909 : Secretary of state
  • 1906 - 1937 : President, American Society of International Law
  • 1908 - 1922 : Chairman, New York Republican State Conventions
  • 1909 - 1915 : United States senator from New York
  • 1910: Counsel for United States, North Atlantic Fisheries Arbitration, Hague, Netherlands
  • 1910: Became member of Hague Permanent Court of Arbitration
  • 1910 - 1925 : President, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
  • 1912: Awarded Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1912: Temporary and permanent chairman, Republican National Convention
  • 1912 - 1937 : Chairman, Board of Trustees, Hamilton College, Hamilton, N.Y.
  • 1913: President, Hague Tribunal of Arbitration between Great Britain, France, Spain, and Portugal concerning church property
  • 1913 - 1937 : Chairman, Board of Trustees, Carnegie Institute of Washington
  • 1915: President, New York Constitutional Convention
  • 1915: President, American Bar Association
  • 1917: Ambassador extraordinary at head of a special diplomatic mission to Russia
  • 1921: Member, Commission of International Jurists, which on invitation of the Council of the League of Nations reported a plan for new Permanent Court of International Justice
  • 1921: Commissioner plenipotentiary for the United States, International Conference on Limitation of Armament and on Far Eastern and Pacific Questions, Washington, D.C.
  • 1925: President, New York College of Presidential Electors
  • 1928 - 1929 : Member, League of Nations committee of experts to revise the World Court Statute
  • 1937, Feb. 7: Died, New York, N.Y.

From the guide to the Elihu Root Papers, 1863-1937, (bulk 1899-1937), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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Subjects:

  • Fisheries--North Atlantic Ocean
  • Fisheries
  • Railroads--Russia
  • Loans, American--Russia
  • International trade
  • Russo--Japanese War, 1904-1905--Equipment and supplies
  • Submarines (ships)
  • American newspapers--New York (State)--New York--Ownership
  • Peace--Societies, etc
  • Endowments
  • Political conventions
  • Loans, American--China
  • Church property
  • Streets--Brazil--Manaus
  • Political parties--New York (State)--History--Sources
  • Universities and colleges
  • Constitutional conventions--New York (State)
  • International relations
  • Fishery law and legislation
  • Universities and colleges--New York (State)--Clinton
  • Loans, American--Turkey
  • Nobel prizes
  • Sea-power
  • World War, 1914-1918--Awards
  • Rubber industry and trade--United States
  • Railroads--Alaska
  • Politicians--United States
  • Peace--Awards
  • Arbitration (International law)
  • Endowments--Washington (D.C.)
  • Politics, government and public administration
  • Legislators--United States
  • Investments, American--Latin America
  • United States--Politics and government--1897-1901
  • International courts
  • New York State
  • Constitutional convention
  • Merchant marine--United States
  • Disarmament
  • Railroads--Ecuador
  • Consolidation and merger of corporations--United States

Occupations:

  • Statesmen
  • Capitalists and financiers
  • Senators, U.S. Congress--New York (State)
  • Legislators
  • Cabinet officers
  • Merchants

Places:

  • North Atlantic Ocean (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Washington (D.C.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Russia (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Alaska (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Russia (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--Clinton (as recorded)
  • Canada (as recorded)
  • Russia (as recorded)
  • Alaska (as recorded)
  • Canada (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)