Morris, Robert, 1734-1806

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1734-01-20
Death 1806-05-08
US
English

Biographical notes:

Robert Morris (1734-1806), "the Financier of the American Revolution," was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution, a powerful committee chairman in the Continental Congress, an important figure in Pennsylvania politics, and perhaps the most prominent businessman of his day.

From the description of Robert Morris letter, to Managers of the Pennsylvania Hospital, 1783 November 26. (Colonial Williamsburg Foundation). WorldCat record id: 173619838

From the guide to the Robert Morris Letter to the Managers of the Pennsylvania Hospital, 1783 November 26, (John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation)

Continental congressman, signer of the Declaration of Independence. Morris also served in the General Assembly of Pennsylvania and the United States Senate. Morris was involved in the purchase of lands from the Phelps and Gorham purchase. Morris was financially ruined by these land dealings.

From the description of Papers, 1779-1819. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122582952

Signer of the Declaration of Independence. Member of Continental Congres.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to Wilson Cary Nicholas, 1794 May 28. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270612988

Company organized in Philadelphia, 1795, by Robert Morris, John Nicholson and James Greenleaf, to develop and sell 6,000,000 frontier acres.

From the description of Instructions to Robert James, 1796 June 1. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 48823012

Declaration of Independence signer from Pennsylvania.

From the description of Letter to Carey & Tilghman, 1787 June 29. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 138619608

American financier and statesman.

From the description of Letter, 1787 Sept. 21, Philadelphia, to Messrs. Carey and Tilghman, Baltimore. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122585853

From the description of Letter, 1795 March 28 : to John Nicholson. (Washington State University). WorldCat record id: 29853156

Morris signed this bond in his capacity as Superintendent of Finance under the Articles of Confederation.

From the description of Bond, 1782. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 213470826

Morris was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and the "Financier of the Revolution."

From the description of ALS, 1780 June 20 : Philadelphia, to Thomas Mumford, Groton near New London. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 13804025

Signer of the Declaration of Independence from Pennsylvania, and financier of the Revolution.

From the description of Papers, 1785-1817 and n.d. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 39537438

By this time, Robert Morris had retired from public service and was living in Pennsylvania. John Nicholson was a businessman in Pennsylvania. The two forged a business partnership for land speculation and development.

From the description of Letter to John Nicholson, 1797 September 25. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155866474

Morris was an American financier, signer of the U.S. Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation.

From the description of [Letters] / Robt. Morris. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 289542693

Pennsylvania financier and Continental congressman.

From the description of ALS : Philadelphia, to William Shepard, 1797 July 8. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122380630

From the description of ALS : to James Greenleaf, 1797 Feb. 1. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122466291

From the description of ALS : Philadelphia, to John Nicholson, 1798 Aug. 14. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122442853

From the description of ALS : Philadelphia, to Philip Nicklin, 1793 Dec. 19. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122645537

From the description of ALS : Philadelphia, to Messrs. LeRoy and Bayard, 1793 Aug. 3. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122610826

From the description of ALS : Hills, to John Nicholson, 1797 Nov. 7. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122541866

From the description of ALS : Philadelphia, to Messrs. Robert Gilmore & Co., 1789 Jan. 6. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122540693

American merchant and signer to the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to James Wilson, 1789 Sept. 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 603541745

Morris was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and is considered the "Financier of the Revolution."

From the description of LS, 1782 April 5 : Philadelphia, Office of Finance, to the Governor of the State of Delaware [John Dickinson]. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 13803940

Morris, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and the "Financier of the Revolution," spent three years in debtors' prison after his personal finances collapsed.

From the description of ALS, 1797 October 2 : Hills, to John Nicholson. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 13804232

Robert Morris (1734-1806) was an American financier and statesman. A Philadelphia merchant, he became the first Finance Minister of the U.S. and helped to finance the American Revolution through his business activities. He signed the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation and was one of the framers of the U.S. Constitution.

From the guide to the Robert Morris papers, 1751-1802, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Robert Morris, (1734-1806), American merchant, known as the "financier of the American Revolution." Native of England, he immigrated to America in 1747. In 1754 he formed a partnership with Thomas Willing, a Philadelphia merchant, and by the early 1780's had been recognized as one of the most successful merchants in the nation. He served as a member of the Continental Congress in 1775-1778, superintendent of finance in 1781-84, a member of the U.S. Constitutional Convention (1787) and Senator from Pennsylvania in 1789-1795. His extensive land speculations ultimately ended in bankruptcy. Morris was in debtors' prison from 1798 to 1801 and never recovered his fortune.

From the description of Collection of papers of Robert Morris, 1774-1837. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 228734076

American merchant, and signer of the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution; member of the Second Continental Congress from Pennsylvania; also a landowner in Ontario County, N.Y.

http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=M000985

From the description of Robert Morris mortgage, 1796 May 16. (Litchfield Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 682708879

Robert Morris (1734-1806) was an American financier and statesman.

A Philadelphia merchant, he became the first Finance Minister of the U.S. and helped to finance the American Revolution through his business activities. He signed the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation and was one of the framers of the U.S. Constitution.

From the description of Robert Morris papers, 1751-1802. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122580823

Biographical Note

1734, Jan. 31 Born, Liverpool, England 1769 Married Mary White 1747 Immigrated to Maryland 1754 1779 Partner in firm of Willing, Morris & Co. 1765 Signed non-importation agreement 1775 Member, Pennsylvania Council of Safety 1775 1778 Member, Continental Congress 1776 Signer of the Declaration of Independence 1778 1781 Member, Pennsylvania state assembly 1781 1784 National superintendent of finance 1785 1787 Member, Pennsylvania state assembly 1787 Delegate to the Constitutional Convention 1789 1795 United States senator from Pennsylvania 1798 1801 Imprisoned for debt 1806, May 8 Died, Philadelphia, Pa.

From the guide to the Robert Morris Papers, 1734-1839, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)



Biographical notes are generated from the bibliographic and archival source records supplied by data contributors.

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SNAC ID:
61657779

Subjects:

  • Tobacco--Cooperative marketing
  • Land settlement
  • Yazoo Fraud, 1795
  • Shipping--History--18th century
  • Manuscripts, American
  • Money
  • Business enterprises -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
  • Finance, Public--United States--History--To 1789.
  • Finance -- United States
  • Capitalists and financiers--Correspondence
  • Real property
  • Tobacco industry
  • Speculation
  • Tobacco industry--History--18th century
  • Merchants--Archives
  • Land companies
  • Real property--History--18th century
  • Finance
  • Tobacco--Prices
  • Tobacco
  • Business enterprises
  • Merchants

Occupations:

  • Landowners--New York (State)--Ontario County.
  • Statesmen.
  • Merchants
  • Merchants.
  • Public officials.
  • Land speculators.

Places:

  • Canandaigua (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States-History-Revolution, 1775-1783-Hospitals (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Maryland--Baltimore (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Georgia (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Northumberland County (Pa.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Pennsylvania--Philadelphia (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--Ontario County (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Virginia (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • Southern States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Land titles--New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States-History-Revolution, 1775-1783-Medical care (as recorded)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)