Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1786-07-29
Death 1843-09-11
French
Ojibwa, French, English, Dakota

Biographical notes:

J.N. Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, settled in the United States in 1832. In 1836-1837 he explored the sources of the Mississippi River, and in 1838-1839 he led two United States Army Corps of Topographical Engineers expeditions to map the region between the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, in which he was assisted by John Charles Frémont. John James Abert served as commander of the Topographical Bureau and Corps of Topographical Engineers, 1829-1861.

From the description of J.N. Nicollet letters received from John James Abert and John Charles Frémont, 1838-1841. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82426794

From the description of J.N. Nicollet letters received from John James Abert and John Charles Frémont, 1838-1841. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702150322

Mathematician, explorer, and cartographer.

From the description of J.N. Nicollet papers, 1797-1843. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70982397

Biographical Note

  • 1786, July 24: Born, Cluses, Savoy, France
  • 1817: Astronomer, Royal Observatory, Paris, France
  • 1832: Emigrated to United States
  • 1835: Expedition on Missouri River
  • 1836: Expedition to Mississippi River headwaters
  • 1837: Expedition to Lake Superior via St. Croix River and return via St. Louis River and Savannah portage
  • 1838: Expedition to the headwaters of St. Pierre River (Minnesota River) and Des Moines River
  • 1939: Expedition from Ft. Pierre, S. Dak., to Devil’s Lake, N. Dak., via the Missouri River Published Meteorological Observations. U. S. War Department
  • 1843, Sept. 11: Died, Washington, D.C. Posthumous publication of Map of the Hydrographical Basin of the Upper Mississippi River. Twenty-sixth Congress, Second Session, U. S. Senate Document 237

From the guide to the J. N. Nicollet Papers, 1797-1843, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hm5ngq
Ark ID:
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Subjects:

  • Meteorology
  • Dakota language
  • Ojibwa Indians--Social life and customs
  • Ojibwa language
  • Geology
  • Indians of North America--Social life and customs
  • Dakota Indians--Social life and customs
  • Indians of North America
  • Fur trade
  • Ojibwa Indians
  • Dakota Indians
  • Geography
  • Astronomy
  • Indians of North America--Languages
  • Plants

Occupations:

  • Cartographer
  • Explorers
  • Mathematicians
  • Explorers--19th century.--West (U.S.)

Places:

  • North Dakota (as recorded)
  • Mississippi River (as recorded)
  • Missouri (as recorded)
  • Minnesota (as recorded)
  • Mississippi River (as recorded)
  • Wisconsin (as recorded)
  • Minnesota (as recorded)
  • Mississippi River (as recorded)
  • Mississippi River (as recorded)
  • West (U.S.) (as recorded)
  • Fort Clark (N.D.) (as recorded)
  • Mississippi River Watershed (as recorded)
  • Northwestern States (as recorded)
  • Minnesota (as recorded)
  • Minnesota River (S.D. and Minn.) (as recorded)
  • Minnesota (as recorded)
  • West (U.S.) (as recorded)
  • Minnesota (as recorded)
  • South Dakota (as recorded)
  • Mississippi River Valley (as recorded)
  • Mississippi River (as recorded)
  • Mississippi River Valley (as recorded)
  • Mississippi River Valley (as recorded)
  • Missouri (as recorded)
  • Missouri River (as recorded)
  • South Dakota (as recorded)
  • Mississippi River Valley (as recorded)
  • South Dakota (as recorded)
  • Minnesota River (S.D. and Minn.) (as recorded)
  • Missouri River (as recorded)
  • Missouri River (as recorded)
  • North Dakota (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Minnesota (as recorded)
  • Northwestern States (as recorded)
  • Mississippi River Valley (as recorded)
  • Fort Clark (N.D.) (as recorded)
  • South Dakota (as recorded)
  • Wisconsin (as recorded)