Cottrell, Frederick Gardner, 1877-1948Alternative names
Chemist and inventor.
From the description of Frederick Gardner Cottrell papers, 1896-1951 (bulk 1907-1940). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81549200
1877, Jan. 10:
Born, Oakland, Calif.
B.S., University of California, Berkeley, Calif.
1897- 1900: Chemistry teacher, Oakland High School, Oakland, Calif.
Ph.D., University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
1902- 1911: Instructor (1902-1906) and assistant professor (1906-1911) in physical chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, Calif.
Invented Cottrell electrical precipitator
circa 1908- 1909: Developed a process for removing water from crude oil
1911- 1920: Chief physical chemist (1911-1914), chief chemist (1914-1915), chief metallurgist (1916-1919), assistant director (1919-1920), and director (1920), United States Bureau of Mines
Cofounded the Research Corporation to hold and develope his patents for the purpose of awarding scientific grants
circa 1917- 1918: Developed a process that reduced the cost of producing helium
1921- 1922: Chairman, a division of chemistry and chemical toxicology of the National Research Council
Developed catalyst which allowed synthetic ammonia to be produced at the United States Government's Muscle Shoals, Tenn., plant
1922- 1943: Director, United States Department of Agriculture, Fixed Nitrogen Research Laboratory (1922-1927); chief, division of fertilizer and fixed nitrogen investigation, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils (1927-1930); and consulting chemist, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils (1930-1940) and Bureau of Plant Industry (1940-1943)
1948, Nov. 16:
Died, Berkeley, Calif.
From the guide to the Frederick Gardner Cottrell Papers, 1896-1951, (bulk 1907-1940), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)
- Nitric oxide
- Science--History--20th century
- Electrostatic precipitation--Patents
- Electrostatic precipitation