Cottrell, Frederick Gardner, 1877-1948

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1877-01-10
Death 1948-11-16
US
English

Biographical notes:

Chemist and inventor.

From the description of Frederick Gardner Cottrell papers, 1896-1951 (bulk 1907-1940). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81549200

Biographical Note

  • 1877, Jan. 10: Born, Oakland, Calif.
  • 1896: B.S., University of California, Berkeley, Calif.
  • 1897 - 1900 : Chemistry teacher, Oakland High School, Oakland, Calif.
  • 1902: Ph.D., University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
  • 1902 - 1911 : Instructor (1902-1906) and assistant professor (1906-1911) in physical chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, Calif.
  • 1903: Invented Cottrell electrical precipitator
  • circa 1908 - 1909 : Developed a process for removing water from crude oil
  • 1911 - 1920 : Chief physical chemist (1911-1914), chief chemist (1914-1915), chief metallurgist (1916-1919), assistant director (1919-1920), and director (1920), United States Bureau of Mines
  • 1912: Cofounded the Research Corporation to hold and develope his patents for the purpose of awarding scientific grants
  • circa 1917 - 1918 : Developed a process that reduced the cost of producing helium
  • 1921 - 1922 : Chairman, a division of chemistry and chemical toxicology of the National Research Council
  • circa 1922: Developed catalyst which allowed synthetic ammonia to be produced at the United States Government's Muscle Shoals, Tenn., plant
  • 1922 - 1943 : Director, United States Department of Agriculture, Fixed Nitrogen Research Laboratory (1922-1927); chief, division of fertilizer and fixed nitrogen investigation, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils (1927-1930); and consulting chemist, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils (1930-1940) and Bureau of Plant Industry (1940-1943)
  • 1948, Nov. 16: Died, Berkeley, Calif.

From the guide to the Frederick Gardner Cottrell Papers, 1896-1951, (bulk 1907-1940), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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Constellation Information

Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h41vdz
Ark ID:
w6h41vdz
SNAC ID:
34144596

Subjects:

  • Nitric oxide
  • Patents
  • Science--History--20th century
  • Chemistry
  • Electrostatic precipitation--Patents
  • Electrostatic precipitation

Occupations:

  • Chemists
  • Inventors

Places:

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