Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1820-02-08
Death 1891-02-14
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

Union Army general.

From the description of Civil War letters and field order of William T. Sherman, 1863-1865. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71057263

U.S. Army general.

From the description of Papers, 1861-1888. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20314215

From the description of Letter, 1875. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 40421933

American army commander.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, to J.M. Dalzell, 1881 Oct. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270664011

From the description of Autograph signature clipped from the docketing of a letter : Washington, 1869 Mar. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270664556

From the description of Autograph memorandum signed, [n.d.] Sunday. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270664448

William Tecumseh Sherman was a Union general during the Civil War. Following the war, he served as commanding general of the United States army, 1869-1883.

From the description of William T. Sherman letter to General M. G. Vallejo, 1879 August 11. (University of California, Santa Barbara). WorldCat record id: 746215057

William T. Sherman was born in Lancaster, Ohio, in 1820. He served in the Army between 1840 and 1853 and briefly was president of the Louisiana State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy. He returned to the Army at the start of the Civil War and served until 1883. He died in New York City in 1891.

From the description of William T. Sherman letter, 1889 Sept. 5. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 70203812

From the description of William T. Sherman letter, 1889. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 70203822

From the description of William T. Sherman letter, 1891 Feb. 2. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 70203820

From the description of William T. Sherman letter, 1874 Nov. 13. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 70203814

From the description of William T. Sherman letters, 1860. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 70203811

From the description of William T. Sherman letter, 1890 Nov. 10. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 70203816

From the description of William T. Sherman note, 1885 July 21. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 70203817

From the description of William T. Sherman letter, 1875 Mar. 10. (University of Nebraska - Lincoln). WorldCat record id: 76787380

From the description of William T. Sherman letter, 1864 Feb. 28. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 70203813

From the description of William T. Sherman letter, 1876 Feb. 11. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 70203815

From the description of William T. Sherman letter, 1887. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 70203821

Union general.

From the description of Letter to S.S. McClure, 1888 August 21. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 62331142

William T. Sherman was a Union Army general during the Civil War and the first superintendent of Louisiana State Seminary of Learning near Pineville, La., now Louisiana State University.

From the description of William T. Sherman letter, 1872 Feb. 25. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 262830206

William T. Sherman was a Union Army general during the Civil War. Major W. D. Sanger was an inspector general on Sherman's personal staff in the 15th Army Corps. Sanger was a farmer in Illinois after the war.

From the description of William T. Sherman papers, 1863-1905 (bulk 1863-1867). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122403826

William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891), Union Army General.

From the description of Letter to Brig. General George Henry Thomas, 1864 May 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38476929

American soldier.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to Cyrus W. Field, 1886 Nov. 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270663522

U.S. Army officer. During 1852 Sherman was serving as a captain in the subsistence (commissary) department. He resigned this commission in September 1853.

From the description of Letter : St. Louis, Mo., to Capt. [Isaac Bowen], 1852 June 22. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 37521962

Civil War General.

From the description of Letters, 1864-1886. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 54848361

General, U.S. Army.

From the description of Papers, 1862-1891. (Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center). WorldCat record id: 70953297

Army officer.

From the description of Letter of William T. Sherman, 1887. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78095812

William Tecumseh Sherman served as general in the United States Army, against the Confederacy, during the Civil War. He took over for Ulysses S. Grant in 1864 and led marches through the Carolinas and Georgia. He became commanding general of the U.S. Army at the end of the war and fought several campaigns against American Indians. He served in the military until 1883. Sherman died in 1891.

From the guide to the William T. Sherman, Letter, 1875

William T. Sherman (1820-1891) was an American soldier and prominent Union general during the Civil War (1861-1865).

From the guide to the William T. Sherman letter, 1874, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

William T. Sherman was a Union Army general during the Civil War. John Eaton Tourtellotte was his military aide-de-camp.

From the description of William T. Sherman letters, 1863-1889 (bulk 1882-1889). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122418482

William Tecumseh Sherman was a Union general during the Civil War. He served as commanding general of the United States army, 1869-1883.

From the description of W. T. Sherman letters to David Milliken, Jr., 1886. (University of California, Santa Barbara). WorldCat record id: 746214036

From the description of W. T. Sherman letter to Mrs. Peshine, 1890 July 16. (University of California, Santa Barbara). WorldCat record id: 746342379

From the description of W. T. Sherman letter, 1880 September 13. (University of California, Santa Barbara). WorldCat record id: 746344996

Union General during the Civil War and continued after the war in the U.S. Army's Division of the Mississippi and helped in the building of the transcontinental railroad by protecting the workers and trying to maintain peace with the Indians along the railroad's path. Willard Warner was a Major in the 76th Ohio Infantry who served with Sherman and after the war settled in Alabama where he was elected to the state legislature and then the U.S. Senate.

From the description of Letters to Major Willard Warner, 1863-1888. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 54801942

William T. Sherman was a Union Army General during the Civil War. Sherman was a colleague of the Louisiana educator, David French Boyd. Both taught at Louisiana State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Boyd served as a colonel in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. During the Reconstruction, he helped to preserve the seminary and he served as its president (1870-1880, 1884-1886) after it became Louisiana State University.

From the description of William T. Sherman letters, 1860. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 262829834

American General.

From the description of Letter, 1878. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 41418523

United States Army general during the American Civil War.

From the description of William Tecumseh Sherman papers, 1863-1865. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154690531

George Armstrong Custer was a famous cavalry officer during the Civil War and the Indian wars of the 1860s and 1870s. Elizabeth Bacon Custer, his wife, was the author of several works about Army life on the plains. After the death of her husband, she dedicated her life to defending his honor.

From the guide to the George A. and Elizabeth B. Custer papers, 1857-1929, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

Sherman was a Union General in the Civil War; Mary Audenreid was the widow of his aide-de-camp.

From the description of ALS, 1890 March 25 : New York to Mrs. Audenreid / W.T. Sherman. (Haverford College Library). WorldCat record id: 27261508

American army officer. By the end of the Civil War he was supreme commander of the U.S. Army in the west; he was then appointed commander of the Division of the Mississippi; and served as commanding general of the Army 1869-1883.

From the description of ALS : St. Louis, to Maj. Gen. John A. Rawlins, 1865 Aug. 25. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122475333

William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891), originally named Tecumseh after the Shawnee leader, was born on February 8, 1820 in Lancaster, Ohio. His father, Charles Robert Sherman was a member of the Ohio Superior Court; he died in 1829. At the age of nine, "Cump," as Tecumseh was known, was sent to live with Thomas Ewing, a family friend and neighbor. The Ewing's had him baptized as William Tecumseh Sherman. After graduating from the United States Military Academy at West point in 1840, Sherman enlisted as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. Artillery. He fought in the 2nd Seminole War and was stationed in Georgia and South Carolina. During the Mexican American War, Sherman served in California. He married Thomas Ewing's daughter, Eleanor Boyle Ewing, in 1850. In 1853, he resigned from military service and became a banker in San Francisco; in 1859 he became the superintendent of the Louisiana State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy (this institution became Louisiana State University). Upon the South's secession from the United States, Sherman moved to Ohio. He re-enlisted into the Union Army in 1861 as a Colonel of the 13th Infantry; he was appointed Brigadier-General of Volunteers that same month. He commanded a Brigade at Bull Run in July of 1861. In 1862, he was promoted to Major-General of Volunteers; he was wounded at Shiloh the same year. Sherman was involved in various battles and campaigns, including Vicksburg. In 1864, Sherman replaced Ulysses S. Grant as the Union leader of the Western Theater, commanding the armies of the Ohio, Tennessee, and Georgia. By September 1864, he had captured Atlanta, Georgia. From Atlanta, Sherman led his troops on a march through Georgia, known as his "march to the sea." Burning everything that could prove useful to the Confederate Army, including entire towns, Sherman physically divided the South. When he arrived at Savannah in December 1864, Sherman offered the city to President Abraham Lincoln as a Christmas present. He continued on his march through South Carolina and North Carolina, leaving a path of destruction behind him. He received the surrender of the Confederate forces in the South in May of 1865. Sherman remained in active military duty until his retirement in February of 1884. He died in New York City on February 14, 1891.

From the description of William Tecumseh Sherman telegram, 1864. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 157010728

U.S. Army officer during the Civil War and Commanding General of the United States Army under President U. S. Grant.

From the description of [Letter] 1880 Nov. 18, Headquarters Army of the United States, Washington, D.C. [to] T. H. S. Hamersly / W. T. Sherman. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 433551058

Calhoun, mayor of Atlanta, 1862-1865, surrendered Atlanta to Sherman, 2 Sept. 1864.

From the description of Correspondence : with James M. Calhoun, 1864. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612868443

Sherman was an Ohio-born military leader who served in the Mexican War as an aide to Gen. Kearny. In 1853, he resigned his captain's commission and became cashier in the San Francisco branch of Lucas, Turner & Co., a St. Louis bank. During the time of the 1856 Vigilance Committee, he was appointed Major General of the National Guard of Calif. In 1861, during the Civil War, Sherman returned to active duty and continued his Army career, becoming Brigadeer General of the Regular Army. In 1869, he was appointed General of the Army by President Grant.

From the description of The letters of General William T. Sherman to John T. Doyle ; 1869-1890 : ALS, 1869-1890. (California Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 122592204

American soldier and prominent Union general during the Civil War (1861-1865).

From the description of Correspondence, 1861. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122608753

The sixth of the eleven children of Charles Robert and Mary Hoyt Sherman, upon the death of his father in 1829 he went to live with the Thomas Ewings, a prominent Ohio family. In 1850 Sherman married one of the Ewing daughters, Ellen. They had eight children: Maria Ewing Sherman Fitch, Mary Elizabeth Sherman, William Tecumseh Serman, Jr., Thomas Ewing Sherman, Eleanor Mary Sherman Thackara, Rachel Ewing Sherman Thorndike, Charles Celestine Sherman, and Philemon Tecumseh Sherman.

Sherman, a West Point graduate and Army captain at the time of his marriage to Ellen, resigned his commission in 1853; before his re-entry into the service in 1861, he served as a banker in California, a lawyer in Ohio, a superintendent of a military academy in Louisiana (forerunner of Louisiana State University), and president of a street railway in St. Louis.

His success during the Civil War led eventually to his command of the army in 1869, a position he held until his retirement in 1883.

From the description of Family papers, 1808-1959. (University of Notre Dame). WorldCat record id: 23662168

William Tecumseh Sherman was a Civil War general who became the top general in the United States. He was known for his campaigns in which he would destroy his enemies' resources to bring victory.

Dr. V. T. McGillycuddy was the Pine Ridge Indian agent. Before his appointment at Pine Ridge he was a contract surgeon. He was in contact with Chiefs such as Crazy Horse and Red Cloud.

Richard Henry Pratt served as a lieutenant in the 10th U.S. Cavalry. While at Fort Marion in St. Augustine he worked to educate Indians. He was the founder of the Carlisle Indian School where he served as superintendent.

From the description of Letters to General William Tecumseh Sherman about drawings from Red Dog and Zotom, 1876-1884. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 64061240

Biographical Note

  • 1820, Feb. 8: Born, Lancaster, Ohio
  • 1829: Informally adopted by Thomas Ewing
  • 1840: Graduated, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1840 - 1847 : Served in various army posts, largely in the South
  • 1847 - 1848 : Served in the Mexican War as aide to Philip Kearny and adjutant to Richard B. Mason
  • 1850: Married Ellen Ewing
  • 1853: Resigned commission
  • 1853 - 1857 : In banking and business
  • 1858 - 1859 : In law and business
  • 1859 - 1861 : Superintendent, Louisiana State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy, Pineville, La.
  • 1861: Rejoined army as colonel of Thirteenth Infantry Fought at Bull Run and later promoted to brigadier general of volunteers
  • 1862: Served under Ulysses S. Grant at Shiloh Promoted to major general of volunteers Assumed command of Memphis defense
  • 1863: Served in Vicksburg and Chattanooga campaigns
  • 1864: Assumed command of Union armies in the West Captured Kennesaw Mountain defended by General Joseph E. Johnston; captured Atlanta, Ga. Promoted to major general of the Union Army Led march to the sea; captured Savannah, Ga.
  • 1865: Served in Carolinas campaign Accepted surrender of Joseph E. Johnston
  • 1866 - 1867 : On mission to Benito Juarez in Mexico
  • 1869: Succeeded Ulysses S. Grant as commanding general of the Union Army
  • 1871 - 1872 : Took year's leave for trip to Europe
  • 1874: Moved military headquarters to St. Louis, Mo.
  • 1875: Published Memoirs of General William T. Sherman. New York: D. Appleton. 2 vols.
  • 1876: Returned military headquarters to Washington, D.C.
  • 1881: Established school at Fort Leavenworth, Kan.
  • 1883: Retired from active service and lived in St. Louis, Mo.
  • 1884: Declined to be a candidate for Republican Party nomination for president
  • 1886: Moved to New York, N.Y.
  • 1891, Feb. 14: Died, New York, N.Y.

From the guide to the William T. Sherman Papers, 1759-1897, (bulk 1848-1891), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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