Gorham, George Cornelius 1787-1857

Alternative names
Birth 1787-08-21
Death 1857-06-19

Biographical notes:

Epithet: Reverend; of Add MS 34568

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000766.0x000295

Epithet: Reverend; of Egerton MS 2841

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000766.0x000296

Epithet: Reverend; antiquary

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000766.0x000294

Epithet: Vicar of St. Just-in-Penwith

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000766.0x000297

George Cornelius Gorham was born at St. Neots, Huntingdonshire, England, on August 21, 1787. In 1805, Gorham entered Queens' College, Cambridge and completed the B.A. in 1808. In 1810, he was elected as a fellow at Queens' College. Prior to his ordination in 1811, Thomas Dampier, bishop of Ely, required a private examination of Gorham's view on baptismal regeneration. The examination found Gorham's views at odds with those of both the High and Low parties of the Anglican Church, but the bishop allowed him to be ordained. Gorham completed the M.A. at Queens College in 1812 and the B.D. in 1820.

From 1814-1846 Gorham served as curate of Beckenham, Kent; Clapham, Surrey; St. Mary's Chapel, Maidenhead; and Fawley. In February 1846 Gorham was instituted in the vicarage of St. Just by Henry Phillpotts, bishop of Exeter. The following year he had a dispute with the bishop over the selection of a curate at St. Just.

On November 2, 1847, Lord-chancellor Cottenham recommended Gorham for the vicarage at Brampford, near Exeter. The bishop refused to institute him until he was satisfied that Gorham was fit for the charge. In December 1847 and March 1848, Gorham underwent an intense examination into his beliefs regarding baptismal regeneration. The bishop found him to be an able and learned theologian but, due to his Calvinist views on baptism, refused to install him in the living at Brampford Speke. Gorham then began the lengthy legal process of contesting the bishop's decision by appealing to the court of arches. On August 6, 1851, the court instituted George Gorham into the living at Brampford Speke.

The fury over the Gorham Case eventually resulted in Archdeacon Henry Edward Manning (MSS 002) and others leaving the Anglican Church in favor of the Roman Catholic Church. For the remainder of his life Gorham dedicated himself to rebuilding and decorating the church at Brampford Speke where he died on June 19, 1857.

From the description of George Cornelius Gorham letters, 1856. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122386132


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  • Baptism--Church of England


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  • India, Asia (as recorded)
  • Oxford, Oxfordshire (as recorded)
  • Middleton Cheney, Northamptonshire (as recorded)
  • Manchester, Lancashire (as recorded)
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