Cortázar, Julio

Alternative names
Birth 1914-08-26
Death 1984-02-12
, Spanish; Castilian

Biographical notes:

Julio Cortázar was born in Brussels, Belgium in 1914 of Argentine parents, but he grew up in Buenos Aries, Argentina. He was a writer, poet, and translator who authored over 25 novels and short story collections. Some of his best known works include: Rayuela, 62 modelo para armar, and Historias de cronopios y de famas. In 1951 he moved to Paris due to his opposition to the Perón regime in Argentina. He lived in Paris until his death in 1984. Julio Silva was an artist, book designer, and a close friend of Julio Cortázar. He collaborated with him on two "collage" books: La vuelta al día en ochenta mundos and Último round.

From the description of Julio Cortázar papers, 1966-1980. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 84666542

Cortázar was an Argentine novelist and poet, best known perhaps for his experimental novel HOPSCOTCH (English translation, 1966). Born in Brussels, Belgium, to Argentine parents, he returned to Argentina in 1919, eventually getting a degree in French literature from the University of Buenos Aires in 1937. He moved to Paris in 1951 and lived there the rest of his life.

From the description of Julio Cortázar papers, 1927-1980. (Princeton University Library). WorldCat record id: 83768511

Argentine author and translator. Born Aug. 26, 1914, in Brussels, Belgium, to Argentine parents. Died Feb. 12, 1984, in Paris, France. His family returned to Argentina in 1919 from Belgium. After obtaining a degree in 1932 as a high school teacher, Cortazar taught from 1937-1944. He was awarded a degree in French literature from the University of Buenos Aires in 1937, began writing short stories and published his first book of poems Presencia in 1938. He moved to Mendoza in 1944 to teach literature at the Universidad de Cuyo. Due to his views, he resigned in 1945 and moved to Buenos Aires, where he worked for the "Camara del Libro" from 1946-1948 and as a public translator from 1948 to 1951. When he moved to Paris in 1951, he worked as a translator for Unesco (1952-1984) and continued to write until his death. His philosophy of the novel and his life as a voluntary exile are expressed in Rayuela, which he began writing in 1952 in Paris, and published in Buenos Aires in 1963. The literary manuscript in the Benson Collection reflects its complexity. Cortazar obtained the Prix Medicis in 1974 for Libro de Manuel, the Ms. of which is also at the collection. Cortazar travelled extensively throughout his life and remained an advocate of human rights and political freedom in Latin America.

From the description of Julio Cortázar literary manuscripts, 1943-1982. (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 42395676

Argentine writer.

From the description of Letter, 1975, October 25, Paris, to John Fein, Durham, N.C. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 153184679


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  • Latin American poetry--20th century
  • Exiles' writings, Argentine--20th century
  • Novelists, Argentine--20th century--Manuscripts
  • Authors, Argentine--Archives
  • Authors, Argentine--20th century
  • Authors, Exiled
  • Latin American literature--20th century
  • Publishers and publishing--Correspondence
  • Lectures and lecturing--20th century
  • Political refugees
  • Argentine fiction--Archives
  • Authors, Argentine--20th century--Correspondence
  • Translators--Archives
  • Fantasy fiction, Argentine--Archives
  • Poets, Argentine--20th century--Manuscripts
  • Latin American fiction--20th century
  • French poetry--20th century--Translations into Spanish


  • Composers
  • Graphic designer


  • France--Paris (as recorded)
  • Argentina (as recorded)
  • Latin America (as recorded)
  • France--Paris (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)