Cowley, Malcolm, 1898-1989

Alternative names
Birth 1898-08-28
Death 1989-03-27

Biographical notes:

American editor and writer.

From the description of Letter to Matthew Bruccoli [manuscript], 1975 December 30. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647812058

From the description of Papers of Malcolm Cowley [manuscript], 1969. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647810601

From the description of Papers of Malcolm Cowley [manuscript], 1936-1955. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647874698

Malcolm Cowley was an influential literary historian, critic, and author, perhaps best known for his depiction of the Lost Generation. Born and raised in western Pennsylvania, Cowley was educated at Harvard; his studies were interrupted by his participation in World War I. After graduation, he supported himself by writing reviews, but was compelled to return to France, where he studied and lived among the colony of voluntary American exiles known as the Lost Generation, made famous in Cowley's book, Exile's Return. Returning to America, Cowley wrote poetry, criticism, and history, translated numerous works from French, and served as editor of New Republic; he later lectured widely and served as visiting professor at a number of universities. Among many accomplishments, he is credited with helping to secure William Faulkner's place as a major American writer.

From the description of Malcolm Cowley letters and papers, 1963-1993. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 310116232

Epithet: writer

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000758.0x00022b

Author, poet, editor, translator, literary critic, and historian who was editor of the Greenwich Village avant-garde magazine, Broom, literary editor of the New Republic, a Viking Press editor, and author of Exile's Return, which chronicled literary life between the two World Wars.

Cowley's career reflects major moments and movements of modern American literary history -- American Field Service in WWI, bohemian Greenwich Village and expatriate Paris in the 1920's, the embrace of radical politics in the 1930's, the anticommunist backlash in the 1940's and 1950's, and literary rehabilitation in the 1960's and 1970's when he became President of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

From the description of Malcolm Cowley papers, 1911-1990. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 57176029


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  • Publishers and publishing--20th century--Correspondence
  • Authors, American--20th century
  • Communism and literature
  • Literary historians--Correspondence
  • Editors--20th century--Correspondence
  • Copyright--Duration
  • Critics
  • Periodical editors
  • Poets, American--20th century
  • Book editors
  • Book collecting
  • Artist colonies


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  • New York (State)--New York (as recorded)
  • New York (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New Republic (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)