Elkins, Stephen B. (Stephen Benton), 1841-1911

Alternative names
Birth 1841-09-26
Death 1911-01-04

Biographical notes:

Stephen B. Elkins was a territorial legislator in New Mexico and later U. S. Senator from West Virginia.

From the description of Stephen B. Elkins papers, 1869-1910. (New Mexico State University). WorldCat record id: 501085916

U.S. Senator and Sec. of War.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Elkins, West Virginia, to Harper & Brothers, 1891 Nov. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270613971

U.S. senator from West Virginia, U.S. representative from the territory of New Mexico, U.S. secretary of war, and lawyer.

From the description of Stephen B. Elkins letter, 1891. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71009900

September 26, 1841: Born near New Lexington, Derry, Ohio 1843 - 1847: Moved to a farm at Westport, MO 1860: Graduated at the head of his class at the University of Missouri at Columbia 1861: Taught school in Cass County, MO 1862: Enlisted in the Union Army as a Captain of Militia in the 72nd Missouri Infantry 1863: Moved to New Mexico and was admitted to the New Mexico bar and began practicing law at Mesilla 1864: Elected to the territorial legislature June 10, 1866: Married Sarah Jacobs of Wellington, MO January - March, 1867: Attorney General of New Mexico 1867 - 1870: U.S. District Attorney 1868: University of Missouri granted him the M.A. Degree 1872: Elected as a Republican to serve as territorial delegate to the 43rd Congress 1874 - March 3, 1877: Re-elected April 14, 1875: Married Hallie Davis, daughter of Senator Henry G. Davis January 12, 1876: Proposed a Bill for New Mexico statehood 1876 - 1890: President of the Santa Fe First National Bank 1884: Advisor and political Lieutenant of James G. Blaine, Republican National Committee for three successive presidential campaigns 1890: Moved to Elkins, West Virginia Actively aided the construction of the West Virginia Central & Pittsburgh Railroad (Western Maryland) Became interested in options on large tracts of coal lands on the Monongahela near Morgantown 1891: Secretary of War 1895: Elected to U.S. Senate, served until his death in 1911 1902: Wrote the Anti-rebate Act 1907: Completed Rail Road eastward to connect with Baltimore & Ohio 1910: Wrote the Mann-Elkins Act January 4, 1911: Died

From the guide to the Stephen B. Elkins papers, 1869-1910, (New Mexico State University Library, Archives and Special Collections Department)


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Ark ID:


  • Mines and mineral resources--History--Sources
  • Mining--New Mexico--History--Sources


  • Representatives, U.S. Congress--New Mexico
  • Cabinet officers
  • Lawyers
  • Senators, U.S. Congress--West Virginia


  • Cunningham Mine (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • Mammoth Lode (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • Candelario Mine (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • West Virginia (as recorded)
  • New Mexico (as recorded)
  • Ortiz Mine Grant (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • New Mexico (as recorded)
  • Cunningham Mine (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • Mora Grant (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • Candelario Mine (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • Mora Grant (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • Ortiz Mine Grant (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • Mammoth Lode (N.M.) (as recorded)