Kameny, Frank, 1925-2011

Alternative names
Birth 1925-05-21
Death 2011-10-11

Biographical notes:

Frank Kameny (b. May 21, 1925, New York, N.Y.-d. October 11, 2011, Washington, D.C.) was an American gay rights activist. He served in the U.S. Army during World War II with combat duty in Germany and recieved a Ph.D in astronomy from Harvard University in 1956. In 1957 he was dismissed from the U.S. Army Map Service on charges of homosexual activity and appealed the dismissal through government review boards and the federal courts, all the way up to the U.S. Supreme Court which declined his appeal for review. In 1961 he founded the Mattachine Society of Washington and through the 1990s he served as counsel or representative for applicants charged with homosexual activity before a variety of federal administrative review boards, specializing in federal employment, security clearance, and military discharge cases. He also campaigned for the removal of homosexuality from the American Psychiatric Association's diagnostic manual of mental disorders, the reversal of the U.S. Civil Service Commission's exclusion of homosexuals from federal employment, the revocation of the District of Columbia's sodomy laws, and the retraction of policies denying national security clearances to homosexuals. In 1965, Kameny led the first public protests for gay rights at the White House.


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  • Gays--Political Activity--United States
  • Lesbians--United States
  • Military discharge--United States
  • Security clearances--United States
  • Gay rights
  • Gays--Employment--Law and legislation--United States
  • Gay rights--United States
  • Gays--Political activity
  • Lesbians
  • Gays--Washington (D.C.)--Societies, etc
  • Homosexuality--Law and legislation--United States
  • Social action
  • Gay liberation movement--United States
  • Discrimination
  • Social action--United States
  • Discrimination in employment--United States
  • Lesbians--Legal status, laws, etc.--United States
  • Homophobia--United States
  • Gays in the civil service
  • Gays--Legal status, laws, etc.--United States
  • Civil service--United States
  • Gay military personnel
  • Homosexuality--Law and legislation
  • Gays--Legal status, laws, etc
  • Gays--United States
  • Gays--United States--Societies, etc
  • Gays--Government policy
  • Sodomy--Legislative history
  • Homosexuality--United States--Societies, etc
  • Gays
  • Military discharge
  • Homosexuality
  • Gays--Employment--Law and legislation
  • Homophobia
  • Security clearances
  • Gay military personnel--United States
  • Lesbians--legal status, laws, etc
  • Gays--Societies, etc
  • Discrimination--United States
  • Homosexuality--Societies, etc
  • Discrimination in employment
  • Gay liberation movement
  • Homosexuality--United States
  • Civil service
  • Gays--Government policy--United States
  • Gays in the civil service--United States


  • Gay rights activists
  • Gay activists--Washington (D.C.)


  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Washington (D.C.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Washington (D.C.) (as recorded)