McLoughlin, John, 1784-1857

Alternative names
Birth 1784-10-19
Death 1857-09-03

Biographical notes:

Elwood Evans (1828-1898), born in Philadelphia, went to Oregon Territory in 1851 as deputy collector of customs at Nisqually. From 1859 to 1861, he served as mayor of the newly incorporated town of Olympia, Washington. In addition to his historical work, A History of the Pacific Northwest, he contributed many historical articles to local papers.

From the guide to the Elwood Evans notebook, 1859-1882, (Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries)

John McLoughlin, the father of Oregon, first came to the Northwest in 1824 with the Hudson's Bay Company. He served from 1825 to 1846 as chief factor for the Hudson's Bay Company's Columbia District based at Fort Vancouver where he played a key role in the development of the Oregon Country. In the late 1840s his general store in Oregon City was famous as the last stop on the Oregon Trail. A native of Canada, McLoughlin became an American Citizen after Oregon became a U.S. Territory. He served as mayor of Oregon City in 1851and died in 1857. The Oregon Legislature officially named him the Father of Oregon on the centennial of his death in 1957.

From the description of Agreement with William Holmes, 1854. (Spokane Public Library). WorldCat record id: 743361241

Dr. John McLoughlin (1784-1857), born in Quebec, was educated as a doctor in Scotland, became a partner in the North West Fur Company and chief factor of the Columbia District in 1824. He retired in 1846 and settled in Oregon City.

From the description of Letters and deed, 1841-1865. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702127748


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  • Oregon Territory--History--Sources
  • Oregon
  • Ojibwa Indians--Social life and customs
  • Business
  • Land tenure
  • Fur trade
  • Northwest, Pacific--History--Sources
  • Real property
  • Land tenure--Oregon--Oregon City
  • Pioneers
  • Pioneers--Oregon--Correspondence
  • Deeds
  • Indians of North America


  • Businessmen


  • Oregon Territory (as recorded)
  • Oregon (as recorded)
  • Minnesota (as recorded)
  • Oregon--Oregon City (as recorded)
  • Oregon City (Or.) (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • Oregon City (Or.) (as recorded)
  • Oregon--Oregon City (as recorded)
  • Oregon (as recorded)
  • Port Discovery (Wash.) (as recorded)
  • Oregon City (Or.) (as recorded)
  • Minnesota (as recorded)