Gadsden, James, 1788-1858

Alternative names
Birth 1788-05-15
Death 1858-12-26

Biographical notes:

Negotiator of the Fort Moultrie Treaty with the Seminole Indians, 1823, and the Gadsden Purchase with Mexico, 1853; planter and merchant of Charleston, S.C., and Florida; president of the S.C. Railroad, 1840-1850; graduate, Yale College, 1806; served as 2nd Lt. in the Engineer Corps during War of 1812; served as Andrew Jackson's aide-de-camp; son of Philip Gadsden; grandson of Gen. Christopher Gadsden (1724-1805).

From the description of James Gadsden papers, 1820-1858. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 43767706

Planter, member of the legislative council of Florida Territory, and minister to Mexico in 1853.

From the description of Papers, 1777-1856. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19646954

Railroad president and politican.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to William B. Lewis, 1835 Oct. 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269587129

Military engineer and U.S. diplomat. Born in Charleston, S.C., Gadsden was involved in efforts to bring about an economic revival in the South in order to break its dependence on the northern states. He was active in promoting the Memphis Commercial Convention of 1845, serving on several committees and as chairman of the committee on railroads.

From the description of Letter : to D. Shanks, 1845 Oct. 6. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 36867226


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Ark ID:


  • Railroads--Management
  • Catawba Indians--Land tenure
  • Rice trade
  • Fortification--Design and construction
  • Antislavery movements
  • Plantations
  • Gadsden Purchase


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  • United States (as recorded)
  • Southern States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Charleston (S.C.) (as recorded)
  • Charleston (S.C.) (as recorded)
  • Mexico (as recorded)
  • Mexico, Gulf of (as recorded)
  • Florida (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Mexico (as recorded)
  • Charleston (S.C.) (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • Florida (as recorded)
  • South Carolina--Charleston County (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)