Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer, 1804-1894

Alternative names
Birth 1804-05-16
Death 1894-01-03
Spanish; Castilian, Italian, German, French, English

Biographical notes:

Elizabeth Palmer Peabody was at the center of the Transcendentalist movement in New England. Although she wrote and published many works, she is best remembered for her support and friendship of Emerson, Hawthorne, Margaret Fuller and many others. She published the journal Dial, founded the famous West Street Book Shop and Publishing House, and introduced kindergarten to America.

From the description of Elizabeth Palmer Peabody letters, 1846-1854. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 50045995

Elizabeth Palmer Peabody was an educator, publisher, and founder of the West Street Book Shop. She was the sister-in-law of Nathaniel Hawthorne and Horace Mann.

From the description of Elizabeth Palmer Peabody collection of papers, 1822-[1957] bulk (1832-1838). (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 144652074

Elizabeth Palmer Peabody was one of nineteenth-century America's influential Transcendental writers and educational reformers. She was the sister-in-law of Nathaniel Hawthorne and of Horace Mann. Rebecca Amory Lowell was the daughter of John Lowell (1769-1840) and Rebecca Lowell.

From the description of Elizabeth Palmer Peabody letters : to Rebecca Amory Lowell, 1837-1840. (Middlebury College). WorldCat record id: 613344557

Educator, author, and lecturer Peabody established the first kindergarten in the United States. For further biographical information, see Notable American Women, 1607-1950 (1971).

From the description of Papers, 1880-1886 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232007433

Elizabeth Palmer Peabody was a transcendentalist, teacher, author, and educational reformer. Her sister, Mary Tyler Peabody Mann, educator and wife of Horace Mann, died in 1887. For biographical information on both women, see Notable American Women, 1607-1950 (1971).

From the description of Postcard, n.y. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232007982

Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894), Transcendentalist, teacher, author, and educational reformer, was raised in Salem, Mass., with her sisters Mary Tyler Peabody Mann (1806-1887) and Sophia Amelia Peabody Hawthorne (1809-1871). Educated in her mother's school in Salem, Peabody demonstrated an early interest in theology, philosophy, history, and literature. She taught in Brookline, Mass., and later in Boston, Mass., where she worked with Bronson Alcott (1799-1888). She became a friend and champion of the era's Transcendentalists (e.g., William Ellery Channing, Henry David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson), literary figures (e.g., Nathaniel Hawthorne), and educators (e.g., Horace Mann). Peabody also published several educational and religious works, and founded the first kindergarten in the United States in 1859. She also hosted Margaret Fuller's (1810-1850) "Conversations" in her home/bookstore in Boston during the 1840s.

From the description of Papers, 1843-c. 1867. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 207163088

Activist for establishment of Froebel's kindergarten in U.S.; teacher, author, publisher, social and educational reformer; founder in 1840 of Foreign Library, 13 West St., Boston, Mass., (circulating library, bookstore, and meeting place for the transcendentalists); sister of Mary Peabody Mann (Mrs. Horace Mann) and of Sophia Peabody Hawthorne (Mrs. Nathaniel Hawthorne). Born at Billerica, Mass.; lived in Salem, Lancaster, Boston, West Newton, Concord, and elsewhere; died at Jamaica Plain (Boston).

(Cont.) Donor of ca. 1,000 printed volumes to the Concord Free Public Library.

From the description of Peabody books : remainder of a gift presented primarily in 1878/1879 to the Concord (Mass.) Free Public Library by Elizabeth Peabody, 1524-1878 (bulk 1820-1850). (Concord Public Library). WorldCat record id: 33143799


Loading Relationships


Ark ID:


  • Women--Education
  • Rental libraries
  • Publishers and Publishing
  • Religion
  • Women authors
  • Transcendentalists (New England)--Books and reading
  • Unitarianism
  • Bereavement--Psychological aspects
  • Women--Correspondence
  • European literature--Appreciation--History--19th century
  • Correspondence
  • Women intellectuals--Correspondence
  • Kindergarten
  • Libraries and booksellers
  • Sisters
  • Transcendentalists (New England)--Correspondence
  • Authors
  • Women--History
  • Education, Preschool
  • Women educators--Correspondence
  • Commonplace-books
  • Private libraries


  • Editors


  • United States (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts--Boston (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts--Boston (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts (as recorded)
  • Boston (Mass.) (as recorded)
  • New England (as recorded)