Hornaday, William T. (William Temple), 1854-1937

Alternative names
Birth 1854-12-01
Death 1937-03-06

Biographical notes:

Wild animal collector, conservationist, and taxidermist; curator of living animals for the Smithsonian Institution's National Zoological Park (1882-1890), and director of the New York Zoological Park (1896-1926).

From the description of Notes and correspondence of William Temple Hornaday, 1878-1934. (Smithsonian Institution Libraries). WorldCat record id: 51557581

First Director of the New York Zoological Park.

From the description of Photographic collection, [ca. 1902-1920]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155517813

Conservationist, zoologist, and taxidermist.

From the description of Papers of William Temple Hornaday, 1866-1975 (bulk 1906-1936). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71131271

Biographical Note

  • 1854, Dec. 1: Born, Plainfield, Ind.
  • 1870: Attended Oskaloosa College, Oskaloosa, Iowa
  • 1872: Attended Iowa State Agricultural College, Ames, Iowa
  • 1873: Began work at Ward's Natural Science Establishment, Rochester, N.Y.
  • 1874: Zoological expedition to Florida, Cuba, and the Bahamas
  • 1876: Zoological expedition to South America
  • 1877 - 1879 : Zoological expedition to India, Ceylon, Malay Peninsula, and Borneo
  • 1879: Married Josephine Chamberlain
  • 1882 - 1890 : Chief taxidermist, United States National Museum, Washington, D.C.
  • 1885: Published Two years in the Jungle. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1887: Published Free Rum on the Congo. Chicago: Women's Temperance Publication Association
  • 1888: Instrumental in establishment of a Department of Living Animals, United States National Museum, Washington, D.C.
  • 1889: Published The Extermination of the American Bison. Washington, D.C.
  • 1890: Resigned position at United States National Museum over controversy about plans for a National Zoological Park
  • 1890 - 1896 : Engaged in real estate business, Buffalo, N.Y.
  • 1891: Published Taxidermy and Zoological Collecting. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1896: Published The Man Who Became a Savage. Buffalo, N.Y.: P. Paul Book Co.
  • 1896 - 1926 : Director, New York Zoological Park, Bronx Zoo, New York., N.Y.
  • 1899: Published Popular Official Guide to the New York Zoological Park. New York: New York Zoological Society
  • 1904: Published The American Natural History. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1905: President, Camp Fire Club of America
  • 1906: Published Camp-Fires in the Canadian Rockies. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1907 - 1910 : President, American Bison Society
  • 1908: Published Camp-Fires on Desert and Lava. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1913: Supported the Bayne Law to prohibit sale of native game and provision of 1913 tariff to prohibit importation of wild bird plumage for millinery purposes Published Our Vanishing Wild Life. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1913 - 1914 : Helped to establish Permanent Wild Life Protection Fund
  • 1914: Published Wild Life Conservation in Theory and Practice. New Haven: Yale University Press
  • 1917: Member, Board of Trustees of American Defense Society Published A Searchlight on Germany. New York: American Defense Society
  • 1918: Published Awake! America. New York: Moffat, Yard and Co.
  • 1919: Published Old-Fashioned Verses. New York: Clark and Fritts
  • 1922: Published The Minds and Manners of Wild Animals. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1924: Published Tales from Nature's Wonderlands. New York, London: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1928: Published The French War Debt and America's Duty. Stamford, Conn.: W. T. Hornaday Published Wild Animal Interviews. New York, London: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1931: Published Thirty Years War for Wild Life. Stamford, Conn.: Permanent Wild Life Protection Fund
  • 1937, Mar. 6: Died, Stamford, Conn.

From the guide to the William T. Hornaday Papers, 1866-1975, (bulk 1906-1936), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)


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Ark ID:


  • Birds--Conservation
  • Wildlife conservation--Law and legislation--New York (State)
  • Game and game-birds--Conservation
  • Zoological specimens--Collection and preservation
  • Millinery
  • Real property
  • National Museum
  • Fur-bearing animals
  • Zoology--Study and teaching
  • Zoology
  • Wild animal collecting
  • Real property--New York (State)--Buffalo
  • Scientific expeditions
  • Natural history
  • Wildlife research
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • Feather
  • Wildlife conservation--Societies, etc
  • Wildlife conservation--Law and legislation
  • Wildlife conservation
  • Taxidermy
  • Debts, Public--France
  • Ecology
  • Birds, Protection of
  • World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Photographs
  • Seals (Animals)
  • Mountain sheep
  • Conservation of natural resources
  • Zoos--New York (State)--New York
  • Bison--Conservation
  • Conservation of natural resources--Societies, etc


  • Conservationists
  • Taxidermists
  • Zoologists


  • France (as recorded)
  • Yukon (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--Buffalo (as recorded)
  • Rocky Mountains (as recorded)
  • New York Zoological Park (as recorded)
  • Northwest, Pacific (as recorded)
  • Borneo (as recorded)
  • New York Zoological Park. (as recorded)
  • Alaska (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--Buffalo (as recorded)