Stuart de Rothesay, Charles Stuart, Baron, 1779-1845

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1779
Death 1845
Bretons
English, French

Biographical notes:

Scottish nobleman and English ambassador to France (1815-1830), and Russia (1841-1845).

From the description of Papers, 1785-1855. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 62684765

Charles Stuart, Baron de Rothesay was a Scottish nobleman who attended Eton. Early in his career he acted as a secret agent in Spain and Portugal. His first ambassadorial post was in the Netherlands in 1815. The following fifteen years he served as ambassador in France when Paris was the most important diplomatic post in the world. He was friends with the Napoleonic family and was devoted to the cause of the Bourbons during the entire period of their restoration. His final post was in St. Petersburg from 1841 to1845.

From the guide to the Charles Stuart, Baron de Rothesay papers, 1785-1855, (University of Minnesota Libraries. Literary Manuscripts Collections, Manuscripts Division [mss])

British diplomat.

From the description of Papers of Charles Stuart, Baron Stuart de Rothesay, 1804-1843. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71065551

Charles Stuart, Baron Stuart de Rothesay was born on Jan. 2, 1779; he entered the British diplomatic service, and became joint chargé d'affaires at Madrid in 1808; sent as envoy to Portugal in 1810, where he was created Count of Machico and Marquis of Angra, and Knight grand cross of the Tower and Sword; made G.C.B. and a privy councillor in 1812; was minister at the Hague, 1815-16, ambassador to Paris, 1815-30, and ambassador to St. Petersburg, 1841-45; was created Baron Stuart de Rothesay of the Isle of Bute in 1828; he died on Nov. 6, 1845.

From the description of Collection of maps, 1715-1840. (University of California, Los Angeles). WorldCat record id: 39449800

Stuart, Charles, Baron de Rothesay (1779-1845), diplomat, was born on January 2, 1779, the elder son of Sir Charles Stuart (1753-1801) and his wife Anne Louisa (1757-1841). Stuart was educated at Eton College (1753-1801), Christ Church, Oxford (1797-8), and the University of Glasgow (1798-9). After a brief stint in the bar, he entered the diplomatic service in 1801. Appointments as secretary of legation at Vienna (1801-4) and secretary of embassy at Petersburg (1804-8) were followed by a liaison and intelligence gathering assignment with the provincial juntas in French occupied Spain (1808-10). As minister in Lisbon (1810-14) he made himself indispensable to Wellington, and he was made a member of the Portuguese regency council. During the "hundred days" (1815), he was the ambassador at the courts of both the King of Netherlands and Louis XVIII of France, who was in exile in Ghent. His greatest diplomatic achievement was the treaty by which Brazil became independent of Portugal, negotiated on a joint Anglo-Portuguese special mission in 1825. He was reappointed as ambassador to France in 1828, and was created Baron Stuart de Rothesay of the Isle of Bute on January 22 that year. His subsequent assignments took him to Russia (under Sir Robert Peel's government). But by this time he was a sick man and a stroke left him unable to conduct business. Although he tried to conceal his condition, his resignation was forced in March 1844. He died at Highcliffe on November 6, 1845 and was buried there. He was survived by his wife, Lady Elizabeth Margaret (1769-1867) and his two daughters, Charlotte (1817-1861), later lady Canning and Louisa Anne (1818-1891), later Lady Waterford. With no male heir, his title became extinct.

From the description of Papers, ca. 1548-1911, bulk 1768-1846. (University of California, Los Angeles). WorldCat record id: 40352600

Epithet: diplomatist

Title: Baron Stuart de Rothesay

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000976.0x0000c8

Biography

Charles Stuart, Baron Stuart de Rothesay was born on January 2, 1779; he entered the British diplomatic service, and became joint chargé d'affaires at Madrid in 1808; sent as envoy to Portugal in 1810, where he was created Count of Machico and Marquis of Angra, and Knight grand cross of the Tower and Sword; made G.C.B. and a privy councillor in 1812; was minister at the Hague, 1815-16, ambassador to Paris, 1815-30, and ambassador to St. Petersburg, 1841-45; was created Baron Stuart de Rothesay of the Isle of Bute in 1828; he died on November 6, 1845.

From the guide to the Charles Stuart de Rothesay Collection of Maps, 1715-1840, (University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.)

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Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f19wc9
Ark ID:
w6f19wc9
SNAC ID:
37741435

Subjects:

  • Manuscripts--English
  • Spain--Foreign relations--18th century--Sources
  • Netherlands--Foreign relations--18th century--Sources
  • Ambassadors--Correspondence
  • France--Foreign relations--18th century--Sources
  • Diplomats--Archival resources

Occupations:

  • Diplomats--Great Britain
  • Diplomats--Great Britain--Archival resources

Places:

  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Norderney, East Frisia (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • New Granada, Federation of, America (as recorded)
  • Canada, North America (as recorded)
  • Aberlemno, Forfar (as recorded)
  • Algiers, Africa (as recorded)
  • Mountstuart House, Isle of Bute (as recorded)
  • Dallington House, Northamptonshire (as recorded)
  • Spain, Europe (as recorded)
  • Turkey, Asia Minor (as recorded)
  • Portugal, Europe (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Oudh, India (as recorded)
  • Gibraltar, Spain (as recorded)
  • Greece, Europe (as recorded)
  • Netherlands, Europe (as recorded)
  • Liskeard, Cornwall (as recorded)
  • United States of America (as recorded)
  • Terceira, the Azores (as recorded)
  • Bristol, Gloucestershire (as recorded)
  • Bailén al. Baylen, Andalusia (as recorded)
  • Mauritius, Indian Ocean (as recorded)
  • Luton, Bedfordshire (as recorded)
  • St Helena, South Atlantic Ocean (as recorded)
  • Dover, Kent (as recorded)
  • St. Vincent, West Indies (as recorded)
  • London, England (as recorded)
  • Bristol, Gloucestershire (as recorded)
  • Mottram - in - Longendale, Cheshire (as recorded)
  • India, Asia (as recorded)
  • Ireland, Europe (as recorded)
  • Isle of Man, England (as recorded)
  • London, England (as recorded)
  • Guienne, Province of, France (as recorded)
  • West Indies, America (as recorded)
  • United States of America (as recorded)
  • San Domingo, the Carribean (as recorded)
  • Blackheath, Kent (as recorded)
  • South America, Americas (as recorded)
  • Germany, Europe (as recorded)
  • Newfoundland, Canada (as recorded)
  • Linting, China (as recorded)
  • India, Asia (as recorded)
  • Kent, England (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Claremont, Surrey (as recorded)
  • Barbary, North Africa (as recorded)
  • Walmer Castle, Dover (as recorded)
  • High Cliff, Hampshire (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Ramsgate, Kent (as recorded)
  • Italy, Europe (as recorded)
  • Grenada, the W. Indies (as recorded)
  • Netherlands (as recorded)
  • Portugal, Europe (as recorded)
  • Tipperary, county of, Ireland (as recorded)
  • Huntingdonshire, England (as recorded)
  • Devonshire, England (as recorded)
  • Austria, Europe (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Charlton and Kidbrooke, Kent (as recorded)
  • Salford, Lancashire (as recorded)
  • Barbary, North Africa (as recorded)
  • Walcheren, Zealand (as recorded)
  • Netherlands Southern Provinces, the Netherlands (as recorded)
  • Richmond, Surrey (as recorded)
  • Portugal, Kingdom of, Europe (as recorded)
  • Rhode Island, North America (as recorded)
  • Spain, Europe (as recorded)
  • Nottingham, Nottinghamshire (as recorded)
  • Ludlow, Shropshire (as recorded)
  • Rouen, France (as recorded)
  • Calcutta, India (as recorded)
  • Jamaica, Central America (as recorded)
  • Canada, North America (as recorded)
  • Calcutta, India (as recorded)
  • Spain, Europe (as recorded)
  • Trinidad, the Carribean (as recorded)
  • Walmer Castle, Dover (as recorded)
  • Louisiana, U.S.A. (as recorded)
  • Glasgow, Scotland (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Bahama Islands, the Carribean (as recorded)
  • London, England (as recorded)
  • Kaffraria, South Africa (as recorded)
  • Wexford, county of, Ireland (as recorded)
  • Althorp, Northamptonshire (as recorded)
  • West Indies, America (as recorded)
  • Falmouth, Cornwall (as recorded)
  • Seville, Andalusia (as recorded)
  • Dominica, the W. Indies (as recorded)