Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1885-10-30
Death 1972-11-01
US
Italian, English, French, Polish

Biographical notes:

Ezra Pound (1885-1972), American poet and critic.

From the description of Ezra Pound collection, 1911-1920. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173863170

Poet.

From the description of Papers, 1915-1959. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122529234

From the description of Ezra Loomis Pound, 1885-1972 correspondence, 1912(ca.)-1938. (New York State Historical Documents). WorldCat record id: 155533520

Ezra Pound (1885-1972), American poet.

From the description of Ezra Pound Papers [microform] 1868-1976. Series IV, Box 79, Folders 3477-3504. Cantos CX-CXVII [drafts, fragments, and typescripts]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122451465

From the description of Ezra Pound photograph collection, circa 1925-1972. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702194854

From the description of Collected early poems of Ezra Pound, 1976. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702171849

From the description of [Pisan cantos manuscripts], 1945. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702171852

From the description of Confucian analects, [1950]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80908860

From the description of Radio slogans [1943]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702159576

From the description of Radio slogans [1943] (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83452537

From the description of Ezra Pound Papers 1868-1976. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702134007

From the description of Ezra Pound papers : addition, 1862-1983 (bulk 1960-1971). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702135469

From the description of Confucian analects, [1950]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702171741

From the description of Ezra Pound miscellany, 1909-1973. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702171866

Ezra Pound is considered the poet most responsible for defining and promoting a modernist aesthetic in poetry. Early in the twentieth century, he opened an exchange of work and ideas between British and American writers, and was famous for the generosity with which he advanced the work of major contemporaries such as W.B. Yeats, Robert Frost, Marianne Moore, James Joyce, Ernest Hemingway, and T.S. Eliot. His own significant contributions to poetry begin with his promulgation of "Imagism", a movement in poetry which derived its technique from classical Chinese and Japanese poetry, stressing clarity, precision, and economy of language. His later work, for nearly fifty years, focused on the encyclopedic epic poem THE CANTOS. In 1914, Pound married the artist Dorothy Shakespeare, and in 1924, he moved to Italy. During this period Pound became involved in Fascist politics, and did not return to the United States until 1945, when he was arrested on charges of treason for broadcasting Fascist propaganda by radio to the United States during World War II. In 1946, he was acquitted, but declared mentally ill and committed to St. Elizabeths Hospital in Washington, D.C. After continuous appeals from writers won his release from the hospital in 1958, Pound returned to Italy and settled in Venice, where he died, a semi-recluse, in 1972.

From the description of Ezra Pound collection, 1908-1956. (Peking University Library). WorldCat record id: 156043944

Pound drafted the Pisan cantos when in a U.S. Army detention center outside Pisa in 1945.

From the description of Cantos LXXIX and LXXX fragments : typescript, [ca. 1945] (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612880975

D. H. Lawrence was a British novelist, essayist, playwright, poet, literary critic, and short story writer.

From the guide to the D. H. Lawrence collection of papers, 1909-1964, 1910-1933, (The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.)

Pound was an American poet and Wilson was director of the Harvard University Press.

From the description of Letters to Thomas James Wilson, 1952-1958. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 81062337

From the guide to the Letters to Thomas James Wilson, 1952-1958., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

American poet and literary critic.

From the description of TLS, [1928?] Dec. 1. (Boston Public Library). WorldCat record id: 39730284

American author.

From the description of Correspondence of Ezra and Dorothy Pound [manuscript], 1951-1954. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647858466

American poet, resident in Italy.

From the description of The Cantos, [19--]. (University of Toledo). WorldCat record id: 15809675

Ezra Pound, American author.

From the description of Donald Wing collection of Ezra Pound papers, 1909-1948. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702150345

From the description of Donald Wing collection of Ezra Pound papers, 1909-1948. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78303371

American poet.

From the description of French translation ["par Christian"] of a poem by Pound : manuscript : [n.p., n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270844297

From the description of Letter, 1957 Dec. 21. (University of Toledo). WorldCat record id: 20061581

From the description of Typed letters signed (6) : Rapallo, Italy, to Fred R. Miller, 1934 Oct. 1-1935 Dec. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270858095

From the description of Autograph letters signed (2), typed letters signed (3) and autograph postal cards signed (6) : London, to James B. Pinker, 1915 Mar. 23-1917 Aug. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270851617

From the description of Typed letter signed : Rapallo, to A. and C. Boni, 1928 Aug. 31, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270858092

From the description of Letter to Lady Gregory [manuscript], 1914 January 31. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647806544

From the description of Papers of Ezra Pound h[manuscript], 1933-1937. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647806355

From the description of Pork or possibly "the bacon" [manuscript], [1933?] October 14. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647814550

From the description of Letter, 1957 Dec. 6. (University of Toledo). WorldCat record id: 20060885

From the description of Typewritten letter signed with initials : Rapallo, to Eugene F. Saxton, 1930 Sept. 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270618847

From the description of Typewritten letter signed with initials : Rapallo, to E.A. Lowe, 1936 Jan. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270618843

From the description of Letter to FJH, CA, CFU : annotated typescript, [between 1945 and 1958]. (University of California, San Diego). WorldCat record id: 18793491

Ezra Loomis Pound was a major twentieth century poet, critic and translator. He was born in Idaho and educated at the University of Pennsylvania. He went to England in 1908, living in London from 1908 to 1920 and became closely acquainted with T.S. Eliot and other intellectuals. In 1920, he left London and settled in Rome. He supported the fascist cause in Italy during World War II. Because of this, he was indicted for treason by the Americans. He was, however, found unfit to plead, and was confined to a mental institution until 1958. In his work, Pound championed the imagist and vorticist movements. His most important works include "Homage to Sextus Propertius", "Hugh Selwyn Mauberley", and the epic "Cantos". The University of Victoria Libraries Special Collections has a mandate to acquire literary papers.

From the description of Ezra Pound collection. [1908-1961]. (University of Victoria Libraries). WorldCat record id: 651604406

A biographical sketch of Ezra Pound can be found in the finding aid for the Ezra Pound Papers, YCAL MSS 43.

From the guide to the Ezra Pound papers : addition, 1862-1983, 1960-1971, (Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library)

Controversial poet Ezra Pound was a keystone in the development of modern poetry in English. His poems are among the most praised of the 20th century, and his unconventional innovations have been influential. He is equally important as an active supporter of young developing writers, such as James Joyce, T.S. Eliot, Robert Frost, and Ernest Hemingway. During World War II, he lived in Fascist Italy in open praise of Mussolini, making controversial radio broadcasts later found to be treasonous. Judged incompetent to stand trial, he remained imprisoned until 1958.

From the description of Ezra Pound correspondence, 1926-1935. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 55998298

Ezra Pound was an American poet, essayist, literary critic, and translator.

From the description of Ezra Pound collection of papers, [1898]-1986 bulk (1914-1959). (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122531732

From the guide to the Ezra Pound collection of papers, 1898-1986, 1914-1959, (The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.)

American poet, writer, critic.

From the description of Ezra Pound Collection, 1905-1975, (bulk 1930-1960). (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (HRC); University of Texas at Austin). WorldCat record id: 122492280

Pound was born in Hailey, ID on Oct. 30, 1885; attended the Univ. of Pennsylvania and Hamilton College; taught romance philology at Wabash College; left for Europe; in 1908 his first book of verse, A lume spento, was published; lived in London from 1908-20, where he published translations of Italian and Provençal poetry and adaptations from Chinese poems; published Homage to Sextus Propertius (1917) and Hugh Selwyn Mauberly (1920); served as London representative for Poetry magazine, and for The little review; began to write The cantos, the first of which was published in 1925; moved to Paris in 1920, and to Rapallo, Italy five years later; made pro-Fascist broadcasts from Italy after the US declared war; was indicted for treason, held at a detention center in Pisa in 1945, and was transferred to St. Elizabeth's Hospital for the criminally insane in Washington, DC in 1946; awarded the Bollingen Prize for poetry in 1949; returned to Italy after his release in 1958; he died in Venice on Nov. 1, 1972.

From the description of Papers, 1911-1949. (University of California, Los Angeles). WorldCat record id: 40300954

Poet and critic.

From the description of Ezra Pound papers, 1945-1986. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70981013

Pound was an American poet.

From the description of Letters to E. E. Cummings, 1926-1962. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122297586

From the guide to the Ezra Pound letters to E. E. Cummings, 1926-1962., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Ezra Pound (1885-1972) was an American poet, critic and editor.

From the description of Ezra Pound letters to William E. Woodward, 1933-1937. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 144652406

From the guide to the Ezra Pound letters to William E. Woodward, 1933-1937, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

American poet, critic, essayist, editor, and librettist, most well-known for his epic sequence of poems, "The Cantos"; proponent of the "Imagist" and "Vorticist" movements in the early years of the 20th century.

From the description of Letter, signed : Via Marsala 12-5, Rapallo (Italy), to E.B. Power [Ann Arbor, Mich.], 17 March [1935?]. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 62718980

Epithet: poet

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001296.0x0001e2

Ezra Pound was born in Hailey, Idaho, on October 30, 1885, the son of Homer Loomis and Isabel Weston Pound. His father ran the land office in Hailey but in the late spring of 1887 moved to New York and in 1889 to Philadelphia where he was an assayer at the United States Mint until his retirement. At the age of seven Pound attended the Chelten Hills School, at twelve the Cheltenham Military Academy, followed by Cheltenham Township High School. Shortly before his sixteenth birthday, in the fall of 1901, Pound entered the University of Pennsylvania where he began a friendship with William Carlos Williams which lasted until Williams's death in 1963. He transferred to Hamilton College in 1903 where he received his Ph.B. in 1905, returning to the University of Pennsylvania to receive a Master's degree in Romance languages in June 1906. Upon receiving a fellowship for the year 1906-1907 Pound did research in the National Library in Madrid and at the British Museum, but after his return was informed that he would not be accepted as a candidate for the doctoral degree program, largely due to his mediocre grades and his arguments with the faculty. This resulted in a life long criticism of universities.

In the fall of 1907 Pound obtained a teaching position at Wabash College, a small Presbyterian school in Crawfordsville, Indiana, to teach Romance languages. In January 1908 he was dismissed because of the scandal caused by his allowing a travelling actress to spend the night in his rooms during a storm. This resulted in Pound's break with respectability and his distrust of social convention, and marked his self-identification as an artist.

In February 1908 Pound left for Europe on a cattle boat. In Venice, struggling financially, he collected forty-four of his poems and had them printed under the title A Lume Spento. He travelled to London, which he felt was the center of literary life, and began sending out his poems to literary magazines. At this time Pound also secured a position at a vocational school teaching medieval literature. He began moving in literary circles and in June 1909 Ford Madox Ford published Pound's poem Sestina: Altaforte in the English Review, followed soon after by other poems. A year later he met A.R. Orage, editor of the New Age, who made it possible for Pound to continue writing poetry by regularly publishing his articles, and who introduced him into a circle of artistic and intellectual discussion. In 1912 Pound was instrumental in creating a movement he called Imagism which combined the creation of an image with rigorous requirements for writing. He later expanded the concept and called it Vorticism. In his efforts to promote new directions in the arts, Pound praised and directed other writers such as T.S. Eliot, James Joyce, D.H. Lawrence, Robert Frost, H.D., and Ernest Hemingway while they were still relatively unknown. By 1921, when Pound left London for Paris, he had established a name for himself in twentieth-century literature. His most ambitious work, the Cantos, was barely begun but he was to continue writing this epic poem until the end of his life, despite the claims of critics that most of it was obscure and incomprehensible.

Pound had been deeply affected by World War I which turned his interests toward politics and conspiracy theories. Pound continued to be prolific in his writing, publishing hundreds of articles and poems in The New Age, The Little Review, Poetry, The Criterion, The Dial, and Future among others. However, he was turning more toward expounding his economic theories and moving to a belief in central authority and the strong state found in fascist organizations such as that of Mussolini. In 1925 Pound moved to Italy where he and his wife Dorothy Shakespear settled in Rapallo. In January 1927 he began a magazine designed to reflect his interests, The Exile, and contributed to two other magazines, The New English Weekly and Hound and Horn, as well as writing in Italian for the Rapallo newspaper, Il Mare. In 1936 he began to broadcast his political observations and economic theories sporadically on Rome Radio. In 1938 Guide to Kulchur was published, making evident the split in his state of mind when writing about art compared to writing about politics and economics. In 1941 Pound began speaking regularly on Rome Radio for a program called The American Hour during which he intended to persuade America not to participate in the war. But his talks soon became full of invective as he verbally attacked America and Great Britain and expounded his views of fascism.

In July of 1943 Pound was indicted for treason by the United States, but continued with his broadcasts through the first months of 1945 when he was taken to a U.S. command post for interrogation. He was transferred to the Disciplinary Training Center near Pisa where he wrote The Pisan Cantos, which won the annual Bollingen Prize in 1949. In November 1945 he was moved to Washington, D.C., where he was indicted on nineteen counts of treason; a jury found him mentally incompetent to stand trial, and Pound was placed in St. Elizabeths Hospital for the insane. There he continued writing his cantos, working on his translations, and writing letters to his friends, until his release in April 1958 when he returned to Rapallo. He continued to write and lived a quiet life until his death on November 1, 1972.

From the guide to the Ezra Pound Collection TXRC98-A12., 1905-1975, bulk 1930-1960, (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, University of Texas at Austin)

Ezra Pound (1885-1972), American poet.

Dorothy Shakespear Pound (1886-1973), daughter of the literary hostess Olivia Shakespear, married Ezra Pound in 1914. During his 13 years of confinement in St. Elizabeth's, Dorothy lived nearby, visiting him daily and advising on various schemes by his supporters for his release to her custody.

Douglas Duncan Paige (1918-1983) was a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania who edited Letters of Ezra Pound, 1907-1941 (1950). His publishing career included work for Macmillan Publishing Company and as managing editor of Atlas magazine. He joined the English Department at Middlesex Community College in 1968 and retired in 1981.

From the description of Ezra Pound and Dorothy Pound letters to D. D. Paige, 1947-1953. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702180554

Ezra Pound (1885-1972), American poet.

Donald Pearce, member of the English Department at the University of California at Santa Barbara and coeditor of Senate Speeches of W. B. Yeats (1961) and Blake in His Time (1978), met Ezra Pound in the early 1950s.

From the description of Ezra Pound letters to Donald Pearce, 1952-1957. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702161201

Ezra Pound, American author.

Achilles Fang's Introduction to Pound's The Classic Anthology Defined by Confucius was published in 1954.

From the description of Ezra Pound Correspondence with Achilles Fang, 1950-1968. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78812869

Ezra Pound, American author.

Achilles Fang's Introduction to Pound's The Classic Anthology Defined by Confucius was published in 1954.

From the description of Ezra Pound correspondence with Achilles Fang, 1950-1968. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702150372

Biography

From 1941 to 1943, the influential American poet Ezra Pound made over 120 pro-Fascist radio broadcasts directed at British and American troops over Radio Rome in Italy. A proud and vocal supporter of Benito Mussolini, Pound was arrested in 1945 and extradited to the United States to stand trial for treason. However, in an attempt to save him from the death penalty, Pound's attorney, Julien Cornell, arranged to have the poet declared insane. The government prosecutors did little to challenge the diagnosis, and allowed Pound to be incarcerated at St. Elizabeths Hospital, a federal asylum outside Washington, D.C. He remained there until eventually being released, though still legally insane, in 1958. He immediately returned to Italy, where he lived until his death in 1972.

During his time at St. Elizabeths, Pound remained an extremely active literary figure, as his activities within the hospital grounds were unrestricted. He received visitors almost daily, and corresponded with numerous poets, writers, students, and scholars, including Dr. Elisabeth Wintersteen Schneider, a professor of English literature at Temple University in Pennsylvania. Between 1952 and his release in 1958, Pound corresponded routinely with Professor Schneider, sending her handwritten or typed notes in his own idiosyncratic shorthand. She also visited Pound at the hospital on different occasions.

Dr. Elisabeth W. Schneider was born in Salt Lake City, UT in 1897, but had moved to Pennsylvania by the time she was a teenager. She received a degree in Musical Theory from Smith College in Northampton, MA in 1920, and went on to earn a Ph.D. in English Literature from the University of Pennsylvania, the same college Pound himself had attended. She began teaching at Temple University in 1926, and after finishing her degree in 1933, went on to become a full professor by 1945. She spent the 1957-58 school year on sabbatical, writing and researching at home, and trading letters with Ezra Pound.

In 1964, Dr. Schneider came to the University of California Santa Barbara as a lecturer, where she remained for many years. She published numerous articles in journals such as Modern Language Notes, PMLA, and Explicator. She wrote seven books on poets such as Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and T.S. Eliot. She also served as president of the College English Association of America. She died in 1985 in Pennsylvania.

The Cambridge Companion to Ezra Pound (Cambridge, U.K., 1999). Gallup, Donald Clifford. Ezra Pound, a Bibliography (Charlottesville, Va., 1983). Wilhelm, James J. Ezra Pound: The Tragic Years, 1925-1972 (University Park, Pa., 1994).

From the guide to the Ezra Pound/Elisabeth W. Schneider Correspondence, 1952-1958, (University of California, Santa Barbara. Library. Department of Special Collections)

Biography

From 1941 to 1943, the influential American poet Ezra Pound made over 120 pro-Fascist radio broadcasts directed at British and American troops over Radio Rome in Italy. A proud and vocal supporter of Benito Mussolini, Pound was arrested in 1945 and extradited to the United States to stand trial for treason. However, in an attempt to save him from the death penalty, Pound's attorney, Julien Cornell, arranged to have the poet declared insane. The government prosecutors did little to challenge the diagnosis, and allowed Pound to be incarcerated at St. Elizabeths Hospital, a federal asylum outside Washington, D.C. He remained there until eventually being released, though still legally insane, in 1958. He immediately returned to Italy, where he lived until his death in 1972.

During his time at St. Elizabeths, Pound remained an extremely active literary figure, as his activities within the hospital grounds were unrestricted. He received visitors almost daily, and corresponded with numerous poets, writers, students, and scholars, including John Richmond Theobald, a teacher of English literature at San Diego State University. Between April 1957 and February 1958, Pound corresponded routinely with Professor Theobald, sending him letters typed in his own idiosyncratic shorthand.

John R. Theobald was born near Simla, India to British parents in 1903. While teaching at SDSU, he attempted to assemble a poetry anthology textbook with the novel idea of allowing living poets to choose the works by which they would be represented. This led him to contact Ezra Pound at St. Elizabeths Hospital. Their mutual interests in Eastern philosophy and literary gossip led to a continuing correspondence, which ended shortly before Pound was released from the hospital. Theobald died in December 1989.

The Cambridge Companion to Ezra Pound (Cambridge, U.K., 1999). Gallup, Donald Clifford. Ezra Pound, a Bibliography (Charlottesville, Va., 1983). Wilhelm, James J. Ezra Pound: The Tragic Years, 1925-1972 (University Park, Pa., 1994).

From the guide to the Ezra Pound/John Richmond Theobald Correspondence, ca. 1957-1977, (bulk 1957-1958), (University of California, Santa Barbara. Library. Department of Special Collections)

Biography

Pound was born in Hailey, Idaho on October 30, 1885; attended the University of Pennsylvania and Hamilton College; taught romance philology at Wabash College; left for Europe; in 1908 his first book of verse, A lume spento, was published; lived in London from 1908-20, where he published translations of Italian and Provençal poetry and adaptations from Chinese poems; published Homage to Sextus Propertius (1917) and Hugh Selwyn Mauberly (1920); served as London representative for Poetry magazine, and for The little review ; began to write The cantos, the first of which was published in 1925; moved to Paris in 1920, and to Rapallo, Italy five years later; made pro-Fascist broadcasts from Italy after the U.S. declared war; was indicted for treason, held at a detention center in Pisa in 1945, and was transferred to St. Elizabeth's Hospital for the criminally insane in Washington, D.C. in 1946; awarded the Bollingen Prize for poetry in 1949; returned to Italy after his release in 1958; he died in Venice on November 1, 1972.

From the guide to the Ezra Pound Papers, 1911-1949, (University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.)

1885 Born Oct 30 in Hailey, Idaho, a small mining town where his father was an official in the Federal Land Office. Only child of Homer Loomis Pound of Wisconsin and Isabel Weston of New York City.

1887 Moved East to Wyncotte, near Philadelphia, where he was raised.

1901 Entered the University of Pennsylvania and attended two years. Met William Carlos Williams during the second academic year (1902-03) and initiated a lifelong friendship. He also came to know Hilda Doolittle ("H.D.") who attended Bryn Mawr College (1905-06).

1905 Received bachelor of philosophy (Ph.B) degree from Hamilton College, New York. Returned to University of Pennsylvania for graduate studies, obtaining an M.A. in 1906. Worked another year towards doctoral degree, developing a talent for languages.

1906 First three articles were published in Book News Monthly (Philadelphia) from material collected during a summer trip to Europe. "Raphaelite Latin," focusing on the Latin poets of the Renaissance, and "Interesting French Publications," on the troubadours, were both published in September. The third article, "Burgos, a Dream City of Old Castile" appeared in the October issue.

1907 Joined the faculty of Wabash Presbyterian College, Crawfordsville, Indiana, as Professor of Romance Languages. Left after one semester and in February 1908 set sail for Europe, taking the manuscript of a book of poems which had been rejected by an American publisher.

1908 While staying in Venice, published A Lume Spento at his own expense.

Settled in London, striking up a friendship with Ford Madox Ford, writer and editor of the English Review . Ford provided introductions to such prominent English literary figures as William Butler Yeats and Wyndham Lewis. Pound published several poems and articles in the English Review .

1909 Personae, a book of poems published by Elkin Mathews.

Exultations .

1910 The Spirit of Romance, a text based on lectures delivered in London (1909-10).

Provença .

1911 Met Alfred Orage, editor of the Socialist Weekly, New Age, who began to publish articles by Pound.

Canzoni .

1912 Became London correspondent for Poetry (Chicago).

Named the "Imagist Movement."

Ripostes .

1913 Employed as Yeats' secretary (winters of 1913-14 and 1914-15), living at Stone Cottage, in the Ashdown Forest, Sussex.

1914 Edited Des Imagistes, the first anthology of Imagist poetry. Began correspondence with James Joyce.

Met T. S. Eliot. Pound subsequently encouraged Harriet Monroe, editor of Poetry, to print one of Eliot's poems.

Married Dorothy Shakespear, the daughter of Olivia Shakespear, a close friend of Yeats.

1915 Cathay, an English translation of early Chinese poetry, inspired by the work of the late Ernest Fenollosa.

1916 Lustra .

Certain Noble Plays of Japan and "Noh" or Accomplishment .

1919 Quia Pauper Amavi .

1920 Hugh Selwyn Mauberly .

Umbra .

1921 Moved to Paris where he met Ernest Hemingway. Other Paris associates included Joyce, Cocteau, and Brancusi.

Edited T. S. Eliot's "The Waste Land." Wrote "Paris Letter" for the New York literary journal The Dial .

Completed work on a one-act opera, "Le Testament," based on poems of François Villon; the opera was first performed in Paris (1926) and later in London (1931 and 1962).

Other important works published during the period 1921-24 included Poems, 1918-1921 (1921); The Natural Philosophy of Love, a translation from Remy de Gourmont's Physique de l'amour, (1922); and Indiscretions, an autobiographical fragment (1923).

1924 Moved to Rapallo, Italy.

1925 A Draft of XVI Cantos .

1926 Personae (The Collected Poems) .

1927 Edited his own magazine, Exile (1927-28).

1928 Draft of Cantos 17-27 .

Ta Hio: The Great Learning .

1930 A Draft of XXX Cantos .

In the next ten years, there were three more publications of "The Cantos:" Eleven New Cantos (1934); The Fifth Decade of Cantos (1937); Cantos LII-LXXI (1940). A collection of essays, Make It New, was also published in 1934.

With Olga Rudge, arranged a series of concerts during this period which helped to lead to the twentieth century rediscovery of Antonio Vivaldi.

1933 Increasing interest in economic theory led to an intensive study of monetary reform and a series of publications: ABC of Economics (1933); Social Credit (1935); What is Money For? (1939).

1935 Involvement in politics resulted in an essay declaring his admiration for Benito Mussolini, Jefferson and/or Mussolini .

1937 Confucius: Digest of the Analects .

1939 Visited United States for the first time since 1910. Received honorary degree from Hamilton College.

1940 Began 'Radio Broadcasts' from Rome. Openly condemned United States role in war effort.

1942 Attempted without success to join evacuation of United States nationals from Italy.

1943 Charged with treason, in absentia (Washington, D.C.).

1945 Arrested by United States forces, spending 6 months in the Army Disciplinary Training Center near Pisa. Later brought to Washington D. C. for treason trial.

1946 Found medically unfit to stand trial and committed to Saint Elizabeth's Hospital for the Criminally Insane in Washington, D.C.

1947 Confucius: The Unwobbling Pivot and The Great Digest .

1948 The Pisan Cantos .

1949 Received Bollingen Prize for The Pisan Cantos .

1954 The Classical Anthology Defined by Confucius .

1955 Section: Rock Drill 85-95 de los cantares .

1956 Sophokles Women of Trachis, a translation.

1958 Released from Saint Elizabeth's Hospital and returned to Italy, taking up residence in his daughter's home near Merano.

1959 Thrones, 96-109 de los cantares .

1960 Impact, economic, political and cultural essays.

1965 Traveled to London for funeral of T. S. Eliot. Visited widow of W. B. Yeats in Dublin.

1969 Briefly revisited United States.

1972 Died on November 1 in Venice.

From the guide to the Ezra Pound Papers, 1868-1976, (Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library)

Ezra Pound (1885-1972), American poet.

Donald Pearce, member of the English Department at the University of California at Santa Barbara and coeditor of Senate Speeches of W. B. Yeats (1961) and Blake in His Time (1978), met Ezra Pound in the early 1950s.

From the description of Ezra Pound letters to Donald Pearce, 1952-1957. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79142322

Ezra Pound, one of the major poets and literary critics of the 20th century, was born in Hailey, Idaho on October 30, 1885. The son of Homer Loomis and Isabel Weston Pound, he was educated at Hamilton College and the University of Pennsylvania, receiving the Bachelor of Philosophy degree in 1905 and the Master of Arts degree in 1906.

After graduation, Pound taught for a short time at Wabash College in Indiana and then left for Europe, where he lived most of his life. His first volume of poetry, A Lume Spento, was published in Venice in 1908. His second volume, The Personae of Ezra Pound, was published in London in 1909 and was immediately acclaimed by critics.

Pound's perfection of the free verse line and his major literary effort, The Cantos, have had a profound influence upon twentieth century literature. The most famous poem of the century, T.S. Eliot's The Waste Land, is dedicated to Pound, whom Eliot terms "il miglior fabbro," "the better artisan" or "poet". Possessing an extremely acute critical faculty, Pound is responsible for the literary recognition of several major artists. Among those whose publication he aided and whose early literary efforts he lauded are James Joyce, T.S. Eliot, and Robert Frost.

Pound wrote more than seventy books, contributed to some seventy others, and published more than 1,500 articles. Most of the poetry and criticism upon which his literary reputation rests is contained within Personae: Collected Shorter Poems, The Cantos, The Spirit of Romance and The Literary Essays .

In 1941 Pound began broadcasting over Italian radio, attacking the United States and its monetary policies. He was arrested by the American forces in 1945 and brought to the United States to be tried for treason. Declared psychologically unfit to stand trial, he was committed to St. Elizabeth's Hospital in Washington, D.C. During his incarceration, the Library of Congress awarded Pound the Bollingen Poetry Prize for the Pisan Cantos . Released from St. Elizabeth's in 1958, the poet returned to Italy where he lived until his death in 1972.

From the guide to the Ezra Pound Papers, 1909-1965, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

From 1941 to 1943, the influential American poet Ezra Pound made over 120 pro-Fascist radio broadcasts directed at British and American troops over Rome in Italy. A proud and vocal supporter of Benito Mussolini, Pound was arrested in 1945 and extradited to the United States to stand trial for treason. However, in an attempt to save him from the death penalty, Pound's attorney, Julien Cornell, arranged to have the poet declared insane. The government prosecutors did little to challenge the diagnosis, and allowed Pound to be incarcerated at S. Elizabeths Hospital, a federal asylum outside Washington, D.C. He remained there until eventually being released, though still legally insane, in 1958. He immediately returned to Italy, where he lived until his death in 1972.

Dr. Elisabeth W. Schneider was born in Salt Lake City, UT in 1897, but had moved to Pennsylvania by the time she was a teenager. She received a degree in Musical Theory from Smith College in Northampton, MA in 1920, and went on to earn a Ph.D. in English Literataure from the University of Pennsyslvania, the same college Pound himself had attended. She began teaching at Temple University in 1926, and after finishing her degree in 1933, went on to become a full professor by 1945. She spent the 1957-58 school year on sabbatical, writing and researching at home, and trading letters with Ezra Pound.

From the description of The Ezra Pound/Elisabeth W. Schneider Correspondence, (1952-1958) (University of California, Santa Barbara). WorldCat record id: 62175564

From 1941 to 1943, the influential American poet Ezra Pound made over 120 pro-Fascist radio broadcasts directed at British and American troops over Radio Rome in Italy. A proud and vocal supporter of Benito Mussolini, Pound was arrested in 1945 and extradited to the United States to stand trial for treason. however, in an attempt to save him from the death penalty, Pound's attorney, Julien Cornell, arranged to have the poet declared insane. The government porsecutors did little to challenge the diagnosis, and allowed Pound to be incarcerated at St. Elizabeths hospital, a federal asylum outside Washington, D.C. He remained there until eventually being released, though still legally insane, in 1958. He immediately returned to Italy, where he lived until his death in 1972.

John R. Theobald was born near Simla, India to British parents in 1903. Whle teaching at SDSU, he attempted to assemble a poetry anthology textbook with the novel idea of allowing living poets to choose the works by which they would be represented. This led him to contact Ezra Pound at St. Elizabeths hospital. Their mutual interests in eastern philosophy and literary gossip led to a continuing correspondence, which ended shortly before Pound was released from the hospital. Theobald died in December 1989.

From the description of The Ezra Pound/John Richmond Theobald Correspondence, [ca. 1957-1977] (Bulk 1957-1958) (University of California, Santa Barbara). WorldCat record id: 62199800



Biographical notes are generated from the bibliographic and archival source records supplied by data contributors.

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Subjects:

  • American Literature--20th century--Archives
  • Social credit
  • Politics, Practical
  • Economics in literature
  • New Deal, 1933-1939
  • Art, Modern --20th century.
  • Art, Modern--20th century
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  • Music --History and criticism.
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  • World War, 1939-1945--Propaganda
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  • Futurism (Literary movement)
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  • European literature--20th century
  • Modernism (Literature)
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  • Chinese literature--Translations into English
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  • Poets, American--20th century--Correspondence
  • Imagist poetry
  • Monetary reform
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  • Authors, American--20th century--Political activity
  • Publishers and publishing.
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  • Fascism -- Italy
  • Modernism (Art)
  • American literature--20th century
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  • Authors, American--Correspondence
  • Poetry, Modern--20th century
  • Chinese language--Translating
  • Fascism --Italy.
  • Culture
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  • Economics.
  • Literature -- American Poetry
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  • World War, 1939-1945 --Propaganda.
  • Culture.
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  • Radio broadcasting --Italy.
  • World War, 1939-1945--Literature and the war
  • Poetry, Modern --20th century.
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  • Judaism--Controversial literature
  • Authors, American--20th century
  • American literature --20th century.
  • Authors and publishers
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Occupations:

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Places:

  • Italy (as recorded)
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  • Strait of Lepanto, Greece (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Italy (Fascist Republic : 1943-1945) (as recorded)
  • Michigan--Ann Arbor (as recorded)
  • Italy (as recorded)
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