Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1914-06-26
Death 1997-03-31
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

Lyman Spitzer (b. June 26, 1914, Toldedo, OH-d. March 31, 1997, Princeton, NJ) was an American theoretical physicist, astronomer, and mountaineer. As a scientist, he carried out research into star formation, plasma physics, and in 1946, conceived the idea of telescopes operating in outer space. Spitzer invented the stellarator plasma device and is the namesake of NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope. He also was the founding director of Project Matterhorn, Princeton University's pioneering program in controlled thermonuclear research, renamed in 1961 as Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. As a mountaineer, he made the first ascent of Mount Thor, with Donald C. Morton.

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Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wn23cc
Ark ID:
w6wn23cc
SNAC ID:
83387095

Subjects:

  • Research--Finance
  • Photometry--Research
  • Controlled fusion
  • World War, 1939-1945--Science
  • Interstellar matter
  • Astronomical observatories--20th century
  • Rocketry
  • Korean War, 1950-1953
  • Particle accelerators
  • Physics--Military aspects
  • Astrophysics--History
  • Galaxies--Evolution
  • Science and industry
  • Space sciences
  • Astronomy
  • Nuclear weapons--Testing
  • Hubble Space Telescope (Spacecraft)
  • Space astronomy
  • Underwater acoustics
  • Astronomy--Study and teaching--20th century
  • Cosmology
  • Astronautics in astronomy
  • Telescopes
  • M stars
  • Science--Methodology
  • Stellarators
  • Plasma (Ionized gases)
  • Astronomy--Research--20th century
  • Fusion reactors
  • Stars--Evolution
  • Astrophysics
  • Orbiting astronomical observatories
  • Artificial satellites
  • Stars--Observations--20th century
  • Science and state
  • Hydrogen bomb

Occupations:

  • Astrophysicists--New Jersey--Princeton
  • Astronomers--20th century.--United States

Places:

  • Princeton, NJ, US
  • Toledo, OH, US