Abbe, Cleveland, 1838-1916
Astronomer and meteorologist.
From the description of Cleveland Abbe papers, 1850-1954 (bulk 1850-1916). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71130912
From the description of Cleveland Abbe papers, 1892-1906. (Historical Society of Washington, Dc). WorldCat record id: 70939748
Biographical Note: Cleveland Abbe, astronomer and meteorologist, was the first, regular, official weather forecaster of the U.S. government and was an avid supporter of research in atmospheric physics.
He was born in 1838 in New York city. Abbe was a graduate of City College of New York, 1857; and spent 1864-1866 at Pulkov, Russia with astronomer, Otto Struve. A national weather service was authorized in 1870 and Abbe devoted the rest of his career to that service. Abbe arranged with Daniel Coit Gilman to establish a course of study in Meteorology at the JHU. Abbe lectured on Climatology and gave his private library of 2500 volumes to the JHU in 1898. Cleveland Abbe died in Washington D.C. in 1916.
From the description of Cleveland Abbe papers, 1851-1952. (Johns Hopkins University). WorldCat record id: 48394883
1838, Dec. 2:
Born, New York, N.Y.
B.A., College of the City of New York, New York, N.Y.
1859- 1860: Taught engineering at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. Studied astronomy under Franz Brünnow
M.A., College of the City of New York, New York, N.Y.
1861- 1864: Assisted Benjamin Apthorp Gould on longitude determinations for the United States Coast Survey
1864- 1866: Guest astronomer, Observatory of Pulkovo, Russia
1867- 1868: Aid, United States Naval Observatory
1868- 1873: Director, Cincinnati Observatory, Cincinnati, Ohio
Began publishing daily weather reports for the Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce
Married Frances Martha Neal (died 1908)
1871- 1916: Meteorologist, United States Signal Corps and the United States Weather Bureau
1884- 1916: Professor of meteorology, Columbian (George Washington) University, Washington, D.C.
1895- 1916: Lecturer on meteorology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md.
Awarded the Franklin Medal by the American Philosophical Society
Married Margaret Augusta Percival
Awarded the Symons Memorial Gold Medal by the Royal Meteorological Society of London
Awarded the Marcellus Hartley Medal by the National Academy of Sciences
1916, Oct. 24:
Died, Washington, D.C.
From the guide to the Cleveland Abbe Papers, 1850-1954, (bulk 1850-1916), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)
- Hurricanes--19th century
- Weather forecasting--History--Sources
- Scientific expeditions--Africa, West
- Historic buildings
- Astronomical observatories--Russia (Federation)--Pulkovo
- Scientific expeditions
- Climatology--Study and teaching--History--Sources
- Climatology--Study and teaching--19th century
- Astronomical observatories
- Chevy Chase, MD, US
- New York City, NY, US