Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1803-02-02
Death 1862-04-06

Biographical notes:

Native of Kentucky; educated privately and at Transylvania University; graduate of West Point; served in the Black Hawk War; commanded the Army of Texas during the late 1830's; served in the Mexican War with the 1st Texas Rifle Volunteers; commissioned paymaster in the United States Army and later commanded the Department of Texas; resigned to join the Confederate Army in 1861 and commanded the Western Department from 1861 through the Battle of Shiloh, April 1862, where he was mortally wounded.

From the description of Letter, 1849 December 2. (University of Southern Mississippi, Regional Campus). WorldCat record id: 15716906

Army officer.

From the description of Papers of Albert Sidney Johnston, 1792-1896. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79455277

Albert Sidney Johnston commanded the 2nd Cavalry regiment in Texas at the time of this letter, though previously he had served as Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas and he would later die commanding his Confederate troops at the Battle of Shiloh in 1862.

From the guide to the Albert Sidney Johnston Letter, 1856, (Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

Civil War general who died in the battle of Shiloh.

From the description of Papers, 1861. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 41571221

Soldier in the U.S. Army, for the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate Army.

From the description of Albert Sidney Johnston : miscellaneous papers, 1831-1859. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49243979

A graduate of the United States Military Academy in 1826, Johnston served as an officer in the United States Army, the Texas Army, and the Confederate Army. He also served as Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas. Johnston was colonel of the 1st Texas Rifle Volunteers during the Mexican War. He was killed April 6, 1862 at the Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee while in command of the Western Department of the Confederate Army.

From the description of Collection, 1828-1958, (bulk 1828-1861). (University of Texas at Arlington). WorldCat record id: 30349288

Soldier. Graduated West Point, 1826; commander of Texas army, 1837; secretary of war of the Republic of Texas, 1828-1840; served in U.S. Army in Mexican War; and Confederate general killed at the Battle of Shiloh (Tenn.), 6 April 1862.

From the description of Broadside, ca. April 1862. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49243992

Officer in the United States and in the Confederate States armies.

From the description of Albert Sidney Johnston military pay record, 1858. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122497013

From the guide to the Albert Sidney Johnston military pay record, 1858, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

Johnston was a leader during the Texas revolution and a member of the U. S. Army who resigned to become a Confederate general. He was killed at the Battle of Shiloh.

From the description of Special Orders No. 8, April 3, 1862. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 443060770

Albert Sidney Johnston, Confederate general, U. S. Army colonel and paymaster, brigadier general and Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas, was born at Washington, Kentucky, February 2, 1803. He attended Transylvania University and the United States Military Academy at West Point, graduating in June 1826. In 1826 he served at Sackett's Harbor, New York; in 1827 at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, with the Sixth Infantry; and as regimental adjutant in the Black Hawk War in Illinois. He married Henrietta Preston on January 20, 1829. On April 22, 1834, he resigned his commission and in 1835 moved near St. Louis. His wife died on August 12, 1835. In 1836 he moved to Texas and enlisted as a private in the Texas Army. Johnston was appointed adjutant general by Thomas Jefferson Rusk on August 5, 1836. He became senior brigadier general in command of the army on January 31, 1837. He was appointed secretary of war for the Republic of Texas by president Mirabeau B. Lamar on December 22, 1838. He remained Secretary of War from 1838 to 1840. He led an expedition against the Cherokee in East Texas in December 1839.

Johnston was colonel of the First Texas Rifle Volunteers during the Mexican War and was inspector general at Monterrey, Mexico, with W. O. Butler. Johnston became paymaster in the United States Army on December 2, 1849, and was assigned to the Texas frontier. He was in the Great Plains in 1855 with William S. Harney, and was appointed colonel of the Second Cavalry on April 2, 1856. Johnston was brevet brigadier general in the expedition to escort the Mormons to Salt Lake City from 1858 to 1860. In 1860 he was sent to the Pacific Department and stationed at San Francisco. He resigned his commission in the United States Army in 1861 at the beginning of the Civil War and refused the federal government's offer of a command. He returned to Texas.

Johnston was appointed as a general in the Confederate Army by Jefferson Davis and assigned command of the Western Department in charge of Confederate operations in Tennessee and Kentucky. He took Bowling Green, Kentucky, moved his line of defense to Nashville, Tennessee, in February 1862, and then to Corinth. In 1862 he attacked Grant at Shiloh, Tennessee. Johnston was killed while leading his forces at the battle of Shiloh, on April 6, 1862.

Sources: Barton, Henry W., Texas Volunteers in the Mexican War, Waco: Texian Press, 1970. pp. 20, 26, 47- 48, 57. Catton, Bruce, The Civil War, New York: The Fairfax Press, 1980, 27, 54-59, 308. Fehrenbach, T. R., Lone Star, A History of Texas and the Texans, New York: Wings Books, 1968. pp. 247-267, 251, 255, 351, 355, 454-458, 462-463, 499-500. Frazier, Robert W., Forts of the West, Military Forts and Presidios and Posts Commonly Called Forts West of the Mississippi River to 1898, Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1965. pp. 152, 166, 178. Houston, Andrew Jackson, Texas Independence, Houston: The Anson Jones Press, 1938, 88. pp. 260-261. Johnston, William Preston, The Life of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, His Services in the Armies of the United States, the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate States, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1878. Koury, Michael J., Arms for Texas, A Study of the Weapons of the Republic of Texas, Fort Collins: The Old Army Press, 1973. pp. 13, 16, 34, 36-39, 78-84. Nance, Joseph Milton, Attack and Counter-Attack, The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1842, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1964. pp. 71-89, 97-100, 112-113, 159-163, 217, 275. Oates, Stephen B., ed., The Republic of Texas, Palo Alto: American West Publishing Company, 1968. (Published for The American West Magazine and the Texas State Historical Association.) Roland, Charles P., Albert Sidney Johnston, Soldier of Three Republics, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1964. pp. 6-184. Sword, Wiley, The Battle of Shiloh, Harrisburg: Eastern Acorn Press, 1982. (Published for the National Park Service.) pp. 9-16, 22, 32-33, 37-39. Tyler, Ron, ed., The New Handbook of Texas, Vol. 3, Austin: The Texas State Historical Association, 1996. pp. 970. Ward, Geoffrey C., The Civil War, An Illustrated History, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. 1991. pp. 12-116.

From the guide to the Albert Sidney Johnston Collection GA18., 1828-1960, 1828-1863, (Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library)

Albert Sidney Johnston was born in Kentucky and graduated from West Point in 1826. Johnston served in the United States Army and the Texas Army, and he served in the Confederate Army in the Civil War. During the 1850s he was colonel of the United States 2nd Cavalry. Johnston was killed in the Civil War during the Battle of Shiloh, 1862.

Samuel Cooper served as adjutant general of the United States Army. During the Civil War he was adjutant general and inspector general of the Confederate Army.

From the description of Letter : Headquarters, Department of Texas, to Samuel Cooper, Washington, D.C., 1856 Dec 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84159661

Albert Sidney Johnston was born in Kentucky and graduated from West Point in 1826. Johnston served in the United States Army and the Texas Army, and he served in the Confederate Army in the Civil War. During the 1850s he was colonel of the United States 2nd Cavalry. Johnston was killed in the Civil War during the Battle of Shiloh, 1862.

Samuel Cooper served as adjutant general of the United States Army. During the Civil War he was adjutant general and inspector general of the Confederate Army.

From the description of Letter : Headquarters, Department of Texas, to Samuel Cooper, Washington, D.C., 1856 Dec 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702150691

Loading...

Loading Relationships

Information

Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cf9rjd
Ark ID:
w6cf9rjd
SNAC ID:
61529127

Subjects:

  • Shiloh, Battle of, Tenn., 1862--Sources
  • Mexican War, 1846-1848--Sources
  • Indians of North America--History--19th century
  • Military
  • Frontier and pioneer life
  • Mormons
  • Politics, Government, and Law
  • Indians of North America--Wars--1815-1875
  • Utah Expedition, 1857-1858
  • Generals--United States--Correspondence
  • Generals--Correspondence
  • Indians of North America--History
  • Military Bases
  • Soldiers--History--Sources
  • Land grants
  • Shiloh, Battle of, Tenn., 1862
  • Indians of North America
  • Indians of North America--Government relations--1789-1869
  • Soldiers--Utah--Fort Crittenden--History--Sources
  • Shiloh, Battle of, 1862--Sources
  • Generals--Biography

Occupations:

  • Soldiers--19th century.--United States
  • Army officers
  • Soldiers--United States

Places:

  • Confederate States of America (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Fort McKavett (Tex.) (as recorded)
  • Fort Crittenden (Utah) (as recorded)
  • Utah (as recorded)
  • South Pass (Wyo.) (as recorded)
  • Fort Belknap (Tex.) (as recorded)
  • Brazoria County (Tex.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Fort Kearny (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Utah--Camp Floyd (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Fort Mason (Mason, Tex.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Fort Mason (Tex.) (as recorded)
  • Mississippi (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Confederate States of America (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Stephens County (Tex.) (as recorded)
  • Jefferson Barracks (Saint Louis, Mo.) (as recorded)
  • Camp floyd (Utah) (as recorded)
  • Fort Mason (Mason, Tex.) (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Galveston (Tex.) (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Fort Chadbourne (Tex.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Confederate States of America (as recorded)
  • Shiloh, Battle of, Tenn., 1862 (as recorded)
  • Fort Leavenworth (Kan.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)