Barnwell, Robert Woodward, 1801-1882

Alternative names
Birth 1801-08-10
Death 1882-11-05

Biographical notes:

U.S. senator, U.S. representative, C.S.A. senator, from South Carolina, and educator.

From the description of Robert Woodward Barnwell correspondence, 1868. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450147

American politician, US Congressman from S.C., 1829-1833, US Senator, 1850-1851, Confederate Congressman 1862-1866.

From the guide to the Robert Woodward Barnwell paycheck and autograph, 1832, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Lawyer, politician, planter, educator, of Beaufort and Charleston, S.C.; member, of U.S. Senate, 1851-1860; U.S. House, 1829-1833; Confederate Senate, 1861-1865; S.C. House, 1826-1828; President, 1835-1841, of South Carolina College (University of South Carolina, Columbia, S.C.); Board of Trustees, S.C. College, 1836-1873 and 1877-1882; son, of Robert Gibbes Barnwell (1761-1814) and Elizabeth Hayne Wigg Barnwell; husband of Eliza Barnwell (1807-1891).

From the description of Robert Woodward Barnwell (1801-1882) papers, 1833-1879. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 43509958

Beaufort County, South Carolina plantation owner, attorney, S.C. State Representative (1826-1828), U.S. Congressman (1829-1833), president of South Carolina College (1835-1841), and U.S. Senator (1850). Robert Woodward Barnwell married his second cousin, Eliza Barnwell (1807-1891) with whom he had 13 children. Barnwell's principal country residence was Woodward Plantation, but he also owned Cotton Hope (part of the old True Blue Plantation), Straban, and Bull's Point Plantations. Barnwell's only brother, William Hazzard Wigg Barnwell was an attorney and rector of St. Peter's Church, Charleston, South Carolina, and had a residence near Laurel Bay Plantation (which had been their father's principal country home).

From the description of Journal of Robert Woodward Barnwell plantations, 1838-1859. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 32141432


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  • Reconstruction
  • Slave records
  • Legislators--Biography
  • Tariff--Law and legislation
  • Slaves
  • Education, higher
  • African Americans--History--Sources
  • Liberty--Criticism and interpretation
  • Nullification (States' rights)
  • Plantations


  • Plantation owners
  • Representatives, U.S. Congress--South Carolina
  • Senators, C.S.A. Congress--South Carolina
  • Educators
  • Senators, U.S. Congress--South Carolina


  • Slave records--South Carolina (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • South Carolina--Columbia (as recorded)
  • South Carolina--Beaufort County (as recorded)
  • Columbia (S.C.) (as recorded)
  • The Briars Plantation (Beaufort County, S.C.) (as recorded)
  • Woodward Plantation (Beaufort County, S.C.) (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • Cotton Hope Plantation (Beaufort County, S.C.) (as recorded)
  • Bull's Point Plantation (Beaufort County, S.C.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)