Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1831-03-06
Death 1888-08-05

Biographical notes:

U.S. Army officer and Union general.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [place name illegible], to [Sawtelle?], 1866 July 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 753969354

Philip Henry Sheridan was a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War. A native of Albany, N.Y., Sheridan graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1853 and subsequently served with the 4th U.S. Infantry in the Pacific Northwest. Sheridan served predominantly in staff positions during the early years of the Civil War but was promoted by General U.S. Grant in 1863 to commander of cavalry, Army of the Potomac. In 1864, he led the raid on Richmond, Virginia, that resulted in the death of Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart. Grant later appointed Sheridan military governor of Louisiana and Texas, a position from which he was removed the following year due to his severity as an administrator.

From the description of Philip Henry Sheridan letter, 1867 Apr. 30. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 318104261

General, U.S. Army.

From the description of Papers, 1865. (Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center). WorldCat record id: 71170528

Army officer.

From the description of Philip Henry Sheridan papers, 1853-1896 (bulk 1862-1887). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980204

From the description of Letter, 1887 Feb. 26. (Historical Society of Washington, Dc). WorldCat record id: 70942069

American general.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [Chicago], to W.W. Belknap, 1874 June 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270662382

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Chicago, Ill., to William W. Belknap, [18]71 June 23. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270662462

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Chicago, to William W. Belknap, 1872 Apr. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270662467

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to Gen. O.O. Howard, 1882 Sept. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270663471

From the description of Telegram signed : New Orleans, to Thomas J. Durant, in Washington, 1867 June 03. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270665052

Philip Sheridan was a Civil War Union general and frontier army commander.

From the description of Phillip Sheridan letter to Colonel Robert Breckenridge, 1875 October 5. (University of California, Santa Barbara). WorldCat record id: 746213980

General in the Army of the United States during and after the Civil War.

From the description of Letter, May 7, 1866, June 24, 1884. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 54801934

American soldier and general who participated in the American Civil War (1861-1865) and directed United States military activities against the Indians in the American West.

From the description of Letters, 1876. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122638135

Biographical Note

  • 1831, Mar. 6: Born, Albany, N.Y.
  • 1853: Graduated, U.S. Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1854 - 1855 : Frontier duty at Fort Duncan, La Pena, and Turkey Creek, Tex.
  • 1855 - 1861 : Frontier duty in the Oregon and Washington territories
  • 1861 - 1862 : Chief quartermaster and chief commissary of the Army of the Southwest
  • 1862: Promoted to colonel, U.S. Volunteers Commanded Second Michigan Cavalry, Volunteers Commanded Second Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Mississippi Promoted to brigadier general, U.S. Volunteers Commanded Eleventh Division, Third Corps, Army of the Ohio Commanded Third Division, Right Wing, Fourteenth Army Corps Promoted to major general, U.S. Volunteers
  • 1863: Commanded Third Division, Twentieth Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland
  • 1863 - 1864 : Commanded Second Division, Fourth Army Corps
  • 1864: Commanded Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac Promoted to brigadier general, U.S. Army
  • 1865: Commanded Army of the Shenandoah Commanded Middle Military Division Promoted to major general, U.S. Army Commanded all U.S. forces west of the Mississippi River
  • 1865 - 1866 : Commanded Military Division of the Gulf
  • 1866 - 1867 : Commanded Department of the Gulf
  • 1867: Commanded Fifth Military District
  • 1867 - 1869 : Commanded Department of the Missouri
  • 1869 - 1878 : Commanded Military Division of the Missouri
  • 1869: Promoted to lieutenant general, U.S. Army
  • 1870: Inspected military posts in northern Utah and Montana
  • 1870 - 1871 : United States official observer of the Franco-Prussian War
  • 1875: Married Irene Rucker
  • 1877: Led Yellowstone expedition
  • 1878 - 1883 : Commanded Western and Southwestern Military Division
  • 1883: Escorted Chester A. Arthur, Robert Todd Lincoln, and others on an expedition through Yellowstone Park
  • 1883 - 1888 : Commanding general, U.S. Army, succeeding William T. Sherman
  • 1888: Published Personal Memoirs of P. H. Sheridan. New York: C. L. Webster. 2 vols. Promoted to general, U.S. Army
  • 1888, Aug. 5: Died, Nonquit, Mass.

From the guide to the Philip Henry Sheridan Papers, 1853-1896, (bulk 1862-1887), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6br8q7c
Ark ID:
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SNAC ID:
69417104

Subjects:

  • Oregon
  • Cheyenne Indians--Wars, 1876--Sources
  • Indians of North America--Government relations
  • Indians of North America--Wars--Montana
  • Indians of North America--Wars
  • Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876
  • Courts-martial and courts of inquiry
  • Generals--Correspondence
  • Dakota Indians
  • Piegan Indians--Wars--Montana
  • Piegan Indians--Wars
  • Dakota Indians--Wars, 1876--Sources
  • Cedar Creek, Battle of, Va., 1864
  • Winchester (horse)
  • Shenandoah Valley Campaign, 1864 (May--August)
  • War horses
  • Powder River Trail
  • Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)

Occupations:

  • Army officers
  • Soldiers--United States
  • Generals--United States
  • Generals--New York (State)--Albany

Places:

  • Missouri (as recorded)
  • Perryville (Ky.) (as recorded)
  • Missionary Ridge (Tenn.) (as recorded)
  • Missouri (as recorded)
  • Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • Appomattox (Va.) (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • Wyoming (as recorded)
  • Louisiana--New Orleans (as recorded)
  • Georgia (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Shenandoah River Valley (Va. and W. Va.) (as recorded)
  • Bighorn Mountains (Wyo. and Mont.) (as recorded)
  • Mississippi (as recorded)
  • Appomattox (Va.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Chickamauga (Ga.) (as recorded)
  • Montana (as recorded)
  • Kentucky (as recorded)
  • Shenandoah River Valley (Va. and W. Va.) (as recorded)
  • Winchester, 3rd Battle of, Winchester, Va., 1864 (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Wyoming (as recorded)
  • Perryville (Ky.) (as recorded)
  • Missionary Ridge (Tenn.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Georgia (as recorded)
  • Tennessee (as recorded)
  • Murfreesboro (Tenn) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Asia (as recorded)
  • Chickamauga (Ga.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Ripley (Miss.) (as recorded)
  • Yellowstone River (as recorded)
  • Virginia (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • Yellowstone River (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Montana (as recorded)
  • Tullahoma (Tenn.) (as recorded)
  • Boonville (Mo.) (as recorded)
  • Mexico (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Kentucky (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Shenandoah River Valley (Va. and W. Va.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Ripley (Miss.) (as recorded)
  • Mexico (as recorded)
  • Tullahoma (Tenn.) (as recorded)
  • Arizona (as recorded)
  • Boonville (Mo.) (as recorded)
  • Mississippi (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--Albany (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Bighorn Mountains (Wyo. and Mont.) (as recorded)
  • Mexico (as recorded)
  • Tennessee (as recorded)
  • Virginia (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Winchester, 3rd Battle of, Winchester, Va., 1864. (as recorded)
  • Asia (as recorded)
  • Murfreesboro (Tenn). (as recorded)