Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1884-05-08
Death 1972-12-26
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

American president Harry S. Truman considered himself a common, forthright man with a superior attention to detail. Born and raised in Missouri, he never attended college, instead working odd jobs before joining his family to run a large farm. He fought in World War I, and made several poor business investments before starting a successful political career, beginning a long affiliation with the corrupt political machine of Boss Tom Pendergrast. He went from local politics to the United States Senate to a compromise candidate for Vice-President to the Presidency after Franklin D. Roosevelt's death in 1945. Truman's presidential legacy is marked by the birth of the atomic age, McCarthyism, the Korean War, and the Cold War.

From the description of Harry S. Truman remarks on General George Marshall, 1964 May 29. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 70247617

Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) was an American attorney and politician. He served as President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Vice President and then was elected to two terms as President (1945-1953).

From the guide to the Harry S. Truman Letters, 1955-1962, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

President of the U.S.

From the description of Naval aide to the president files, 1945-1953 (bulk 1945-1948). (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939033

From the description of National Security Council files, 1947-1953. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939032

From the description of White House Social Office files, 1945-1953. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939045

From the description of Official file, 1945-1953. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939018

From the description of Post-presidential papers, 1953-1972. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939057

From the description of President's secretary's files, 1945-1953. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939016

From the description of Permanent file, 1945-1953. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939023

From the description of White House Records Office files, 1945-1953. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939041

From the description of White House press release files, 1945-1953. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939038

From the description of Confidential file, 1938-1953 (bulk 1945-1953). (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939022

From the description of White House Office of Social Correspondence files, 1945-1953. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939055

From the description of Map Room file, 1945. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939030

From the description of President's personal file, 1945-1953. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939020

From the description of Miscellaneous file, 1945-1953. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939028

From the description of Letters, 1940-1961. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49343177

From the description of Psychological Strategy Board files, 1951-1953. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939035

From the description of White House Office of the President's Correspondence Secretary files, 1945-1953. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939036

From the description of Public opinion mail, 1945-1953. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939024

From the description of General file, 1945-1953. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939021

From the description of White House official reporter files, 1945-1953. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939054

From the description of White House scrapbooks, 1945-1953 [microform]. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939042

From the description of Korean War files, 1947-1952. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70939029

American politician, U.S. President from 1945-1952.

From the description of Harry S. Truman papers, 1918-1974. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63937115

Truman, 33rd U.S. president, served 1945-1953.

From the description of TLS, 1948 April 29 : the White House, Washington, to Honorable Overton Brooks, House of Representatives, Washington, D.C. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 15119282

President of the United States, 1945-1953.

From the description of Letter, Sept. 1, 1949. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 55983590

Louis Jefferson Brann (1876-1948) was an American lawyer and political figure, of Waterville, Me. He was the 56th governor of Maine, from 1932-1937.

From the description of Harry S. Truman telegram to Mrs. Louis J. Brann, 1948 Feb. 4. (Maine Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 778446646

Harry S. Truman, born to a farm family in 1884, married Bess Wallace in 1919, served in Congress as senator from Missouri from 1935 to 1945, became vice president in 1945, and president of the United States from 1945 to 1953. His daughter Margaret Truman was a singer and a successful writer.

From the description of Harry S. Truman letters to Bess Wallace and Margaret Truman, 1910-1955. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 744660190

Harry S. Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri, on May 8, 1884, the son of John Anderson Truman and Martha Ellen (Young) Truman. The family, which soon included another boy, Vivian, and a girl, Mary Jane moved several times during Truman''s childhood and youth - first, in 1887, to a farm near Grandview, then, in 1890, to Independence, and finally, in 1902, to Kansas City. He attended public schools in Independence, graduating from high school in 1901. After leaving school, he worked briefly as a timekeeper for a railroad construction contractor, then as a clerk in two Kansas City banks. In 1906 he returned to Grandview to help his father run the family farm. He continued working as a farmer for more than ten years. From 1905 to 1911, Truman served in the Missouri National Guard. At the outbreak of World War I, he helped organize the 2nd Regiment of Missouri Field Artillery, which was quickly called into Federal service as the 129th Field Artillery and sent to France. Truman was promoted to Captain and given command of the regiment''s Battery D. He and his unit saw action in the Vosges, Saint Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne campaigns. Truman joined the reserves after the war, rising eventually to the rank of colonel. He sought to return to active duty at the outbreak of World War II, but Army Chief of Staff General George C. Marshall declined his offer to serve. On June 28, 1919, Truman married Bess Wallace, whom he had known since childhood. Their only child, Mary Margaret, was born on February 17, 1924. From 1919 to 1922 he ran a men''s clothing store in Kansas City with his wartime friend, Eddie Jacobson. The store failed in the postwar recession. Truman narrowly avoided bankruptcy. Truman was elected in 1922 to be one of three judges of the Jackson County Court. He was defeated for reelection in 1924, but won election as presiding judge in the Jackson County Court in 1926. He won reelection in 1930. In 1934, Truman was elected to the United States Senate. He had significant roles in the passage into law of the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938 and the Transportation Act of 1940. After being reelected in 1940, Truman gained national prominence as chairman of the Senate Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program. This committee, which came to be called the Truman Committee, sought with considerable success to ensure that defense contractors delivered to the nation quality goods at fair prices. In July 1944, Truman was nominated to run for Vice President with President Franklin D. Roosevelt. On January 20, 1945, he took the vice-presidential oath, and after President Roosevelt''s unexpected death only eighty-two days later on April 12, 1945, he was sworn in as the nations'' thirty-third President. He oversaw during his first two months in office the ending of the war in Europe. He participated in a conference at Potsdam, Germany, governing defeated Germany, and to lay some groundwork for the final stage of the war against Japan. Truman approved the dropping of two bombs on Japan on August 6 and 9, 1945, and Japan surrendered on August 14. This first year of Truman''s presidency also saw the founding of the United Nations and the development of an increasingly strained and confrontational relationship with the Soviet Union. The Truman Doctrine was an enunciation of American willingness to provide military aid to countries resisting communist insurgencies; the Marshall Plan sought to revive the economies of the nations of Europe in the hope that communism would not thrive in the midst of prosperity; and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization built a military barrier confronting the Soviet-dominated part of Europe. When North Korea invaded South Korea in June 1950, Truman responded by waging undeclared war. In his domestic policies, Truman sought to accomplish the difficult transition from a war to a peace economy without plunging the nation into recession, and he hoped to extend New Deal social programs to include more government protection and services and to reach more people. He was successful in achieving a healthy peacetime economy, but only a few of his social program proposals became law. Although the conservative Congress thwarted Truman''s desire to achieve significant civil rights legislation, he was able to use his powers as President to achieve some important changes. He issued executive orders desegregating the armed forces and forbidding racial discrimination in Federal employment. He also established a Committee on Civil Rights and encouraged the Justice Department to argue before the Supreme Court on behalf of plaintiffs fighting against segregation. In 1948, Truman won reelection. His defeat had been widely predicted, but Truman won a plurality of the electorate. After his second term, Truman left the presidency and retired to Independence in January 1953. For the last two decades of his life, he spent his days reading, writing, lecturing and taking long brisk walks. Harry S. Truman died on December 26, 1972.

From the description of Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10679518

Harry S. Truman was a U.S. Senator (1935-1945) from Missouri and Vice President of the United States for less than four months before becoming thirty-third President of the United States (1945-1953) following President Franklin D. Roosevelt's death.

From the description of Harry S. Truman letter to Colton Storm, 1955 July 7. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 769136865

Epithet: Subject of IOR Neg 17441-50; 17451-53

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001512.0x000351

Harry S. Truman was president from 1945-1953. A.E. Patterson was Vice President of the Los Angeles Dodgers.

From the description of Letter, 1971, June 4. (National Baseball Hall of Fame). WorldCat record id: 49562520

U.S. president.

From the description of Letter, 1953. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70953199

Epithet: US President

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000299.0x000359

U.S. president (1945-1953).

From the description of Harry S. Truman letter, 1956 Aug. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 742413771

Arthur Woodward was chief curator of history at the Los Angeles County Museum.

From the description of Letter : Washington D.C., to Arthur Woodward, 1952 June 12. (Natural History Museum Foundation, Los Angeles County). WorldCat record id: 23238845

President of the United States.

From the description of Harry S. Truman papers, 1945-1953. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702169823

From the description of Harry S. Truman document signed, 1948 May 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 435804002

From the description of Harry S. Truman letter, 1948 May 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 747048476

From the description of Letter, 1953, January 15 : the White House, Washington, D.C., to Honorable Theodore Francis Green, United States Senate. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122545899

John T. Gorham was a member of President Harry S. Truman’s secret service team in 1945.

Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) was the 33rd President of the United States (1945-1953). He succeeded Franklin Roosevelt as President in April 1945 after serving just three months as the 34th Vice President. Truman was born May 8, 1884 in Lamar, Missouri. During World War I, he served as an artillery officer stationed in France. Following the war, Truman married Bess Wallace in 1919 and had one child, Mary Margaret. He was elected a judge of the County Court of Jackson County in 1922, before serving as a U.S. Senator for Missouri, 1935-1945. Truman’s two terms as president were eventful in both foreign and domestic affairs, which included the end of World War II, the decision to use nuclear weapons against Japan, the founding of the United Nations and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Korean War, the passage of the Taft-Hartley Act, and his Fair Deal Program. Truman died on December 5, 1972 after suffering complications from pneumonia.

From the guide to the Harry Truman Collection 2009-138., 1945-1948, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

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Subjects:

  • Conscientious objectors
  • Advertising, political
  • Presidents--Messages
  • Truman, Harry S., Pres. U.S., 1884-1972. Biography
  • Independence, Missouri. History
  • Korean War, 1950-1953
  • Women
  • Army--Navy Football Game
  • Executive power
  • Courtship
  • National Day of Prayer--Public opinion
  • World War, 1914-1918--Personal narratives
  • Children of presidents--Correspondence
  • Families
  • presidents
  • Governors--Death
  • Presidents--Public opinion
  • Psychological warfare
  • President's spouses--Correspondence
  • Presidents--Dwellings
  • National security
  • Civil rights--Public opinion
  • Postal service--History--Sources
  • World War, 1939-1945
  • Presidents--United States--Portraits
  • Sailors
  • Marriage
  • Equal rights amendments
  • General
  • U.S. Pres., l946-1953 (Truman)
  • Political Campaigns
  • The President's State of the Union Message--1953
  • Presidents--United States--Inauguration
  • Presidents--Social life and customs
  • Women's rights
  • President--Biography
  • Truman, Harry S., Pres. U.S., 1884-1972. Photographs
  • Martinsville Seven Trial, Martinsville, Va., 1949--Public opinion
  • Politicians
  • Presidents--Correspondence
  • Thank-you notes
  • Press and politics
  • Politics, government and public administration
  • Elections
  • World War, 1939-1945--Communications
  • Intelligence service
  • Discrimination in capital punishment--Public opinion
  • Labor laws and legislation--Public opinion
  • Interim governments
  • Presidents--United States
  • Zionism
  • Presidents--Photographs
  • Draft
  • Commercial policy
  • Legislators--Biography
  • Presidents--Press coverage
  • Rabbis--Correspondence
  • Presidential libraries
  • Radio advertising
  • Potsdam Conference (1945)--Pictorial works
  • Books and reading
  • Gifts
  • Ex-presidents--Travel
  • Bills, Legislative
  • President--Archives
  • Recognition (International law)

Occupations:

  • Presidents
  • Presidents--United States
  • Politicians
  • Private secretaries--Washington (D.C.)
  • Ex-presidents--United States
  • Vice Presidents--United States

Places:

  • United States, 00, US
  • Lamar, MO, US
  • Kansas City, MO, US