Hand, Edward, 1744-1802

Alternative names
Birth 1744-12-31
Death 1802-09-03

Biographical notes:

Physician and army officer.

From the description of Papers of Edward Hand, 1777-1801. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450752

Continental Army officer, delegate to Continental Congress, and physician from Pennsylvania.

From the description of Papers of Edward Hand, 1775-1846. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79082413

Edward Hand (1744-1802) was a physician and Army officer.

From the description of Edward Hand papers, 1775-1801. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122626644

From the guide to the Edward Hand papers, 1775-1801, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Edward Hand served as a Major-General during the Revolutionary War.

From the description of Papers, 1771-1807. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122579848

Edward Hand served as a lieutenant colonel in the Continental Army in command of the Pennsylvania Rifle Regiment from March 7-December 31, 1776.

From the description of Orderly books, 1776. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122541283

General Edward Hand was born in Ireland in 1744. He emigrated to America with the British Army. He joined the Continental Army in 1775 and rose to the rank of Brigadier General. Hand was in command of the Western Division of the Continental Armuy from 1777-1778, with his headquarters at Fort Pitt. He left Fort Pitt in 1778 and fought with General Washington until the end of the war. He died at his home in Lancaster, Pa in 1802, amidst finiancial troubles. Captain John Irwin was born in Ireland in 1752. He emigrated to America and settled in Philadelphia. Irwin joined the Continental Army and took part in many campaigns. He was seriously wounded at the Paoli massacre in 1777. He rejoined the Continental and took a position on General Washington's staff. After the war, he returned to Ireland, and them moved back to Philadelphia and them on to Pittsburgh in 1786 where he died in 1808.

From the description of Edward Hand papers 1778. (Historical Society of W Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 45421174

Hand was a physician and a military officer.

He was the military surgeon of the garrison at Fort Pitt (Pa.) and, with Alexander Ross and William Thompson, bought Fort Pitt from British Major Charles Edmondstone (1772) for the sum of fifty pounds (New York currency). Though the fort was partially dismantled to build homes, the Continental Congress later sent now Brigadier General Hand to occupy the fort and end Virginia's control of Western Pennsylvania (June, 1777). Hand attempted to keep the British out of Western Pennsylvania while at the same time improving relations with the Delaware Indians. Unfortunately, a successful raid which destroyed British stores at Cyahoga (near Cleveland) also resulted in the needless deaths of Delaware women, which gave the entire campaign the derisive title "the Squaw Campaign." Indian reprisals continued and in the spring of 1778 Hand resigned, believing that the western side of the mountains be abandoned. One of Hand's accomplishments was to build a military hospital on Chartiers Creek not far from where the Stubenville Pike crosses it today.

From the description of Correspondence, 1777-1785. (University of Pittsburgh). WorldCat record id: 31467786


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  • Account books
  • Sullivan's indian campaign, 1779
  • Imaginary wars and battles--Maps--Early works to 1800
  • Border patrols--History
  • Sullivan's Indian Campaign, 1779--Maps--Early works to 1800
  • Indians of North America--Wars--1775-1783
  • United States--Continental Army--Order-books
  • Manuscript maps--Early works to 1800
  • General
  • Iroquois Indians--Wars


  • Army officers
  • Delegates, U.S. Continental Congress--Pennsylvania
  • Physicians
  • Generals


  • Pennsylvania--Pittsburgh (as recorded)
  • Westmoreland County (Pa.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Fort Pitt (Pa.) (as recorded)
  • Pennsylvania (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • Fort Pitt (Pa.) (as recorded)
  • Fort Pitt (Pa.) (as recorded)
  • Pennsylvania (as recorded)
  • Fort Pitt (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Pennsylvania (as recorded)
  • Allegheny County (Pa.) (as recorded)
  • Pittsburgh (Pa.) (as recorded)
  • Pennsylvania (as recorded)