Kautsky, Karl, 1854-1938

Alternative names
Birth 1854-10-16
Death 1938-10-17

Biographical notes:

German socialist leader.

From the description of Der demokratische Marxismus : zum vierzigsten Geburtstag der russischen Sozialdemokratie : typescript, 1938. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754870809

Born in Prague 1854, died in Amsterdam 1938; social democratic writer and Marxist theorist; joined Austrian social democracy in 1874 and worked as a journalist within the Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands (SAPD, from 1890 SPD) from 1879; in 1883 founder and editor of Die Neue Zeit, leading theoretical organ of the German and international labour movement; leading Marxist theorist in the period of the Second International; his main goal was to popularize Marxism; resisted the war policy of the majority of the party in 1915; the party dismissed him as editor of Die Neue Zeit in 1917; left the SPD to join the Unabhängige Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (USPD); minor role during the German revolution in 1918/19 as an assistant Secretary of State of Foreign Affairs and chairman of the Sozialisierungskommission; left the USPD in 1921 and joined the reunited SPD in 1922 but had lost most of his enormous influence on German and international social democracy; returned to Vienna in 1924 and published voluminous theoretical and historical studies including D̀ie materialistische Geschichtsauffassung' 1933 and S̀ozialisten und Krieg' 1937.

From the description of Archives 1881-1938. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79795473


Kautskiĭ K.- odin iz liderov i teoretikov germanskoĭ s.-d. i II Internat︠s︡ionala, redaktor teoreticheskogo zhurnala (1883-1917); Kautskai︠a︡ (Freĭberger) L.- zhena K.Kautskogo, avstriĭskai︠a︡ sot︠s︡ialistka izdatelʹ perepiski R. Li︠u︡ksemburg s K.i L. Kautskimi.

From the description of Kautsky: Karl (1854-1938) i Luiza (1864-1944). Fond 213, 1881-1938. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122777085

Biographical/Historical Note

German socialist leader.

From the guide to the Karl Kautsky typescript : Der demokratische Marxismus : zum vierzigsten Geburtstag der russischen Sozialdemokratiet, 1938, (Hoover Institution Archives)


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  • Socialism Russia
  • Socialists
  • Socialism
  • Labor movement
  • Communism--Soviet Union
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • Communism


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  • Germany (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • Russia (as recorded)
  • Russia (as recorded)
  • Soviet Union (as recorded)