MacArthur, Douglas, 1880-1964

Alternative names
Birth 1880-01-26
Death 1964-04-05

Biographical notes:

The island of Leyte, in Japanese hands, was the target for the American invasion of the Philippines in 1944. After a series of battles, the island was captured and the Japanese naval forces were defeated. U.S. forces now controlled the Pacific.

From the description of Naval message, November 1, 1944. (Naval War College). WorldCat record id: 45622190

Douglas MacArthur was born in Arkansas and raised on a series of Army posts; his father, a Civil War veteran and career soldier, became one of the highest-ranking officers in the United States Army. Choosing a military career, MacArthur graduated with highest honors from West Point and distinguished himself in various posts. Exhibiting charisma and leadership during World War I he was promoted to Brigadier General, and later served in the Philippines and as Army Chief of Staff. During World War II, MacArthur commanded the Southwest Pacific Theater, and served as Allied Commander of the Japanese occupation, 1945-1951. He headed the United Nations forces in Korea, but was relieved of command, and a highly-publicized Senate investigation weakened his popularity. Always a controversial figure, he was generally considered a superior commander and loyal officer.

From the description of Douglas MacArthur correspondence with Marian E. Gridley, 1963. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 67710358

U.S. Army officer.

From the description of Papers of Douglas MacArthur, circa 1942-circa 1964. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71131300

MacArthur was a U.S. Army general who led the United Nations forces in the Korean War (1950-1953).

From the description of Address before joint session of Congress / 1951 April 19. (Brigham Young University). WorldCat record id: 51605255

General of the Army, Commander of Allied forces in the Southwest Pacific during World War II, and commander of the occupation forces of Japan and of United Nations forces in Korea.

From the description of Report to congress : his address before the joint meeting of congress April 19, 1951, 1951. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122535813

General of the army, United States Army.

From the description of Douglas MacArthur speech, 1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754869950

Biographical/Historical Note

General of the army, United States Army.

From the guide to the Douglas MacArthur speech, 1962, (Hoover Institution Archives)


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Ark ID:


  • World War, 1939-1945--Naval operations, American
  • General
  • World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns
  • Philippine Sea, Battle of the, 1944 (June 19-21)
  • Oregon
  • Korean War, 1950-1953
  • Manners and customs
  • Generals--20th century--Correspondence
  • Leyte Gulf, Battle of, Philippines, 1944
  • Soldiers
  • World War, 1939-1945--Photographs
  • Farewells
  • World War, 1939-1945--Peace


  • Army officers


  • Korea (as recorded)
  • Korean War, 1950-1953 (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Philippines (as recorded)
  • Japan (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • China (as recorded)
  • Korea (as recorded)
  • Philippines (as recorded)
  • Philippines--Corregidor Island (as recorded)
  • Korea (as recorded)