# Hutton, Charles, 1737-1823

Alternative names## Biographical notes:

Charles Hutton (1737-1823) was the son of a colliery labourer. He opened a mathematical school at Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1760, and became Professor of Mathematics at the Woolwich Academy from 1773 to 1807. During this period, he also acted as editor of the Ladies Diary , 1773-1818. Hutton was a Fellow of the Royal Society, 1774, became the Copley medallist in 1778, and acted as its foreign secretary in 1779. Amongst other work, Hutton calculated the mean density of the earth in 1778. Publications: The compendious measurer; being a brief, yet comprehensive, treatise on mensuration and practical geometry. With an introduction to decimal and duodecimal arithmetic (G.G.J. and J. Robinson, and R. Baldwin ... and G. and J. Wilkie ..., London, 1786); The school-master's guide: or, a complete system of practical arithmetic, adapted to the use of schools (I. Thompson, Esq, Newcastle upon Tyne, 1764); A Computation of the length of the sine of a circular arc of one minute of a degree ; A course of mathematics, in two volumes: composed, and more especially designed, for the use of the gentlemen cadets in the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich (G.G. and J. Robinson, London, 1798); A mathematical and philosophical dictionary: containing an explanation of the terms, and an account of the several subjects, comprized under the heads mathematics, astronomy, and philosophy both natural and experimental ... also memoirs of the lives and writings of the most eminent authors, both ancient and modern (J. Johnson; G. G. & J. Robinson, London, 1795); A treatise on Mensuration, both in theory and practice (Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1770); An account of the Calculations made from the survey and measures taken at Schehallien, in order to ascertain the mean density of the earth (London, 1779); Mathematical Tables ... containing ... logarithms ... with tables useful in mathematical calculations. To which is prefixed a large ... history of the ... writings relating to those subjects , etc.. London, 1785; The principles of bridges: containing the mathematical demonstrations of the properties of the arches, the thickness of the piers, the force of the water against them (T. Saint, London, 1772).

From the guide to the Hutton, Charles, 1800, (Senate House Library, University of London)

Charles Hutton (1737-1823) was a mathematician, professor, and foreign secretary of the Royal Society from 1777-1783. He was interested in applied mathematics and open to innovations from the continent, active in experiments with military technology, including studies in ballistics and bridge-building, and helped lay the groundwork for the reformation of British mathematics during the first half of the nineteenth century.

From the description of Catalogue of Dr. Hutton's library, 1815. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702184081

Robert Hoddle arrived in New South Wales in 1823 and worked with J. Oxley in Queensland and the Blue Mountains. In 1837 he was appointed senior surveyor at Port Phillip and designed Melbourne, Geelong, Williamstown and many other Victorian settlements.

From the description of A course of mathematics in two volumes for the use of academies as well as private tuition / by Charles Hutton, 1807-1812 [manuscript]. 1807-1812. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 224343778

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#### Subjects:

- Private libraries--Catalogs--Early works to 1800
- Science and technology libraries
- Mathematicians--Books and reading
- Collectors and collecting--Catalogs
- Mathematics

#### Occupations:

#### Places:

- Great Britain
*(as recorded)* - England
*(as recorded)*