Straus, Oscar S. (Oscar Solomon), 1850-1926

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1850-12-23
Death 1926-05-03
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

Secretary of the Department of Labor and Commerce, 1906-1909.

From the description of Letter, 1906 Nov. 7, New York, to Lee M. Friedman, Boston. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 174212191

American ambassador and government official.

From the description of Papers, 1869-1947. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122589779

Attorney, businessman, public official, diplomat, U.S. secretary of commerce and labor, and author.

From the description of Oscar S. Straus papers, 1856-1955 (bulk 1856-1923). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71131237

Biographical Note

  • 1850, Dec. 23: Born, Otterberg, Bavaria
  • 1854: Came to America and lived in Talbotton, Ga.
  • 1865: Moved to New York, N.Y.
  • 1871: A.B., Columbia University, New York, N.Y.
  • 1873: LL.D., Columbia University, New York, N.Y.
  • 1873 - 1881 : Practiced law, New York, N.Y.
  • 1881 - 1906 : Member of the firm L. Straus & Sons, importers of pottery and glassware
  • 1882: Married Sarah Lavenburg (died 1945)
  • 1885: Published The Origin of Republican Form of Government in the United States of America. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons
  • 1887 - 1889 : Minister to Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 1894: Published Roger Williams, the Pioneer of Religious Liberty. New York: The Century Co.
  • 1898 - 1899 : Minister to Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 1902 - 1924 : Appointed member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, Hague, Netherlands
  • 1906 - 1909 : United States secretary of commerce and labor; first Jew appointed to a cabinet position
  • 1909 - 1910 : Ambassador to Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 1912: Chairman, arbitration commission to decide wage dispute between eastern railways and their engineers
  • 1913: Published The American Spirit. New York: The Century Co.
  • 1915 - 1918 : Chairman, New York Public Service Commission, First District
  • 1919: Chairman, Paris Committee of the League to Enforce Peace
  • 1919 - 1920 : Member, President's Second Industrial Conference to establish a code of industrial relations
  • 1922: Published autobiography Under Four Administrations, from Cleveland to Taft; Reflections of Oscar S. Straus. New York: Houghton Mifflin
  • 1926, May 3: Died, New York, N.Y.

From the guide to the Oscar S. Straus Papers, 1856-1955, (bulk 1856-1923), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68k7vc3
Ark ID:
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SNAC ID:
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Subjects:

  • Arbitration (International law)
  • Diplomatic and consular service, American--Turkey
  • Wages--Railroads--United States
  • Diplomatic and consular service, American
  • Labor policy
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • Freedom of religion--Turkey
  • Freedom of religion
  • Industrial relations
  • Wages--Railroad
  • Labor policy--United States
  • Industrial relations--United States

Occupations:

  • Businessmen
  • Diplomats
  • Cabinet officers
  • Lawyers
  • Authors

Places:

  • Romania (as recorded)
  • Russia. (as recorded)
  • Egypt (as recorded)
  • Russia (as recorded)
  • Turkey (as recorded)
  • Turkey--Istanbul (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Turkey (as recorded)
  • Romania. (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Egypt (as recorded)