Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1902-11-17
Death 1995-01-01
US
English, Hungarian

Biographical notes:

Physicist.

From the description of Reminiscences of Eugene Paul Wigner : oral history, 1964. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122419196

From the description of Oral history interview with Eugene Paul Wigner, 1984 Apr. 12. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 63283818

From the description of Oral history interview with Eugene Paul Wigner, 1987 May 12. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 63309517

Physicist. Died 1995.

From the description of Autobiographical letter to Paul Hoch, 1982. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84584861

Hungarian-born American physicist, Wigner worked in the early 1930s as a professor at the Technishe Hochschule in Berlin, where he studied the quantum mechanical interpretation of atomic spectra which resulted in the publication of his book GRUPPENTHEORIE UND IHRE ANWENDUNG AUF DIE QUANTENMECHANIK DER ATOMSPEKTREN (1931), later translated and published as GROUP THEORY (1951), now a classic in its field. He moved to the United States, where he became professor of mathematical physics at Princeton University from 1933-1937 and from 1937-1938 at the University of Wisconsin; he then returned to Princeton, where he worked until 1971, becoming professor emeritus. He died in 1995.

From the description of Oral history interview with Eugene Paul Wigner, 1984 April 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78112225

A Hungarian-born physicist, Wigner worked in the early 1930s as a professor at the Technishe Hochschule in Berlin, where he studied the quantum mechanical interpretation of atomic spectra which resulted in the publication of his book GRUPPENTHEORIE UND IHRE ANWENDUNG AUF DIE QUANTENMECHANIK DER ATOMSPEKTREN (1931), later translated and published as GROUP THEORY (1951), now a classic in its field. He moved to the United States, where he became professor of mathematical physics at Princeton University from 1933-1937 and from 1937-1938 at the University of Wisconsin; he then returned to Princeton, where he worked until 1971, becoming professor emiritus.

Prior to World War II, Wigner, along with Leo Szilard and Albert Einstein, was instrumental in getting the United States government to investigate the use of atomic energy for military purposes. During the War, he was on the staff of the Metallurgical Laboratory at the University of Chicago (the Manhattan project) researching ways to produce an atomic bomb, and he helped design the nuclear reactor at Hanford, WA, where plutonium was produced. He was a member of the general advisory committee for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (1952-1957, 1959-1964) and director of the Civil Defense Research Project at Oak Ridge, TN (1964-1965), reflecting his interests in civil defense and national security. He received the Enrico Fermi Award (1958) and the Max Planck Medal (1961), and in

1963 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics.

From the description of Eugene Paul Wigner papers, 1930s-1980s (bulk 1940s-1970s) (Princeton University Library). WorldCat record id: 81993971



Biographical notes are generated from the bibliographic and archival source records supplied by data contributors.

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Subjects:

  • Nuclear reactors--Design and construction--20th century
  • Combinational group theory
  • Nobel Prizes
  • Radioactivity
  • Physicists--Interviews
  • Physics--20th century
  • Nuclear reactors
  • Nuclear physics--20th century
  • Mesons
  • Nuclear physics--Research
  • Nuclear weapons--Research
  • Quantum theory--Study and teaching (Higher)
  • Electrons
  • Metals
  • Nuclear energy--20th century
  • Solid state physics--History
  • Physics
  • Compound nucleus
  • Solid state physics
  • Nuclear fission
  • Neutrons
  • Nuclear physics
  • World War, 1939-1945--Science
  • Nuclear forces (Physics)
  • Beta decay
  • Nobel prizes
  • Physics--History
  • Quantum theory
  • Science--History
  • Physics--Study and teaching--20th century
  • Philosophy and science
  • Stored energy of cold work
  • Atomic bomb--20th century
  • Civil defense--20th century
  • Deuterons
  • Mathematical physics
  • Atomic theory
  • Nuclear reactions
  • Nuclear shell theory
  • Group theory
  • Physics--Study and teaching
  • Physicists--Biography

Occupations:

  • Physicists--New Jersey--Princeton.
  • Physicists.
  • Physicists--Interviews.

Places:

  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New Jersey--Princeton (as recorded)