Trumbo, Dalton, 1905-1976

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1905-12-09
Death 1976-09-10
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

James Dalton Trumbo was born Dec. 9, 1905, in Montrose, CO; attended Univ. of Colorado, UCLA, and USC; worked as a newpaper reporter and editor; started screenwriting in 1935; became one of the Hollywood Ten and was blacklisted by the motion picture industry (1947); served a 10-month jail sentence for contempt of Congress when he refused to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) for his alleged membership in the Communist Party; while serving his sentence at the Federal Penitentiary in Ashland, KY, he used a pseudonym and smuggled out a script for sale underground; after his release he moved to Mexico and continued writing scripts under various pseudonyms; his story, The brave one (1956), won an Academy Award under the pseudonym, Robert Rich; Trumbo was one of the first blacklisted writers to emerge from the underground when he received screen credit for his work on the 1960 releases of Spartacus and Exodus; in the early 1970s, he directed a screen adaption of his novel, Johnny got his gun (1956), which won an award at the Cannes Film Festival; a collection of his letters from 1942-62 was published as, Additional dialogue (1970); underwent surgery for lung cancer and died of a heart attack three years later in 1976.

From the description of Papers, 1934-1976. (University of California, Los Angeles). WorldCat record id: 39213533

Biography

James Dalton Trumbo was born December 9, 1905, in Montrose, Colorado; attended University of Colorado, UCLA, and USC; worked as a newpaper reporter and editor; started screenwriting in 1935; became one of the Hollywood Ten and was blacklisted by the motion picture industry (1947); served a 10-month jail sentence for contempt of Congress when he refused to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) for his alleged membership in the Communist Party; while serving his sentence at the Federal Penitentiary in Ashland, Kentucky, he used a pseudonym and smuggled out a script for sale underground; after his release he moved to Mexico and continued writing scripts under various pseudonyms; his story, The brave one (1956), won an Academy Award under the pseudonym, Robert Rich; Trumbo was one of the first blacklisted writers to emerge from the underground when he received screen credit for his work on the 1960 releases of Spartacus and Exodus ; in the early 1970s, he directed a screen adaption of his novel, Johnny got his gun (1956), which won an award at the Cannes Film Festival; a collection of his letters from 1942-62 was published as, Additional dialogue (1970); underwent surgery for lung cancer and died of a heart attack three years later in 1976.

From the guide to the Dalton Trumbo Papers, 1934-1976, (University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.)

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Subjects:

  • World War, 1939-1945--Journalists
  • War correspondents
  • Screenwriters--Archival resources
  • World ar, 1914-1918--Hospitals--Drama
  • Blacklisting of authors
  • Motion picture music
  • Arm--Amputation--Drama
  • Motion picture plays
  • Motion pictures--Censorship
  • Screenwriters
  • Prisoners
  • Leg--Amputation--Drama
  • Soldiers--Wounds and injuries--Drama
  • Yana Indians
  • Academy Awards (Motion pictures)

Occupations:

  • Screenwriters--United States--Archival resources

Places:

  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)